您现在的位置: 四川省岳池县罗渡中学 >> 教师天地 >> 资料试题 >> 正文
2014高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
来源:本站原创 作者:佚名 发布时间:2014/5/6

一、    按大词(动词、名词)记忆

look 的常用短语:

      look up in查找

      look sb. up and down 上下打量

      look back to/ upon回顾

      look uponas把… 看作

      look forward to期待

      look through浏览; 看穿

      take a new look呈现新面貌

 

fear的常用短语:

      in fear害怕地

      (be) in fear of 害怕

      for fear of/ that担心;生怕

 

concentrate 的常用短语:

      concentrate on 专心…

      concentrate ones mind on 专心于…

      类似的短语:

      fix one’s mind upon

      focus on

      put one’s heart into

      focus one’s mind on

 

surprise常用短语:

      in surprise惊讶地

      to ones surprise 使某人惊讶的是

      be surprise at/to do/that

      对某事感到惊讶

 

表示“穿衣”的动作或状态的词和短语

      1.表示动作的有:

      pull on

      put on

      dress

      dress sb

      2. 表示状态的有:

      wear

      be in

      be dressed in

      have … on

 

 

常见表“喜欢”的短语和单词

      like

      care for

      be keen on

      be fond of

      take delight in…

 

trouble的常用短语:

      have much trouble / no trouble (in) doing 在…有/没有困难

      take great trouble to do

      不辞辛劳做某事

      put sb to the trouble of doing …

      为难某人做某事

      make trouble捣乱

      be in (great) trouble

      惹麻烦;处在困境中

      help sb. out of trouble

      帮某人摆脱困境

 

end的常用短语:

      come to an end……结束

      put an end to 结束……

      on end竖起, 连续

      in the end终于; 最后

      end up (by) doing…以……结束

      make both ends meet收支相抵

 

表示“导致”、“由…引起”的短语:

      1. 导致

      cause sth. (to do)

      result in

      lead to

      2. 由……引起

      be caused by

      result from

      grow out of

      lie in

 

表“全力以赴”的短语:

      do / try one’s best

      spare no efforts to do

      take great pains to do

      go all out to do

      do what somebody can (do) to do

      do all somebody can (do) to do

 

direction常用短语:

      in (the ) direction of.朝……方向

      under the direction of ...在……的指导下

      follow the directions照说明去做

 

far常用短语:

      far from (being)离……要求相差很远

      far from +(a place)距离某地很远

      far away遥远

      so far 到目前为止; 那么远

      as far as sb. knows/sees据某人所知

      by far

      (最高级前,比较级后)起强调作用

 

distance常用短语:

      in the distance在远处

      from/ at a distance从远处

      keep sb. at a distance

      于某人保持一定距离

      It is no distance at all.不远

 

use常用短语:

      used to do过去曾经、常做

      be used to doing …习惯于……

      be used to do被用来做……

      make good/ full use of充分利用……

      come into use开始使用……

      it is no use doing …干……没有用

 

“出了什么事”的几种不同表达

      What’s wrong with….?

      What’s the matter with…?

      What’s the trouble with…?

      What happened (to sb.) ?

 

“众所周知”常用表达法:

      It is known to all that…主语从句,that不能省

      As is known to all,定语从句,置于句首

      We all know (that)后接宾语从句

      Everyone knows (that)后接宾语从句

      , which is known to all.非限定从句,置于句末

表“同意某人意见”的常用短语:

      agree with sb. /what sb. said

      agree to sth.

      approve (of) sth.

      in favour of sth.

      be agreeable to sth.

      be for sth.

      “不同意”

      disagree with sb./ what sb. said

      object to sth.

      disapprove (of) sth.

      be against sth.

 

sign的常用短语:

      sign ones name签名

      sign to sb (not) to do sth.

      示意某人()做某事

      signs of …

      ……的迹象

 

would rather prefer 的区别

      1.宁愿做……而不做……

      would rather do A than do B

      prefer A to B

      prefer to do A rather than do B

      2. would rather 主语 + 过去式,表示“宁愿”

      eg. I would rather you came tomorrow than today.

      should prefer sb. to do sth./ should prefer 主语 + 过去式,表示“比较喜欢……”

      eg. I should prefer you not to go there alone.

      OR: I should prefer that you did not go there alone.

 

trap常用短语

      be caught in a trap落入圈套

      be led into a trap中圈套

      set a trap to do sth.设圈套……

      be trapped in sth.被…..所围困

 

grow常用短语

      in the grow of在….成长中

      grow up长大; 成长

      grow rich on靠….. 变富

      grow into长成……

      grow out of由…..引起/滋生出

 

 

make常用短语

      be made up of =consist of 由……组成

      make up for弥补

      be made from/ of由……造成

      make up编造;组成;化妆

      be made into制成……

      make fun of取笑; 嘲弄

      make a living 谋生

 

supply, provide, offer 的区别:

      1.表示“向某人提供某物”

      supply / provide sb. with sth.

      supply / provide sth. for sb.

      supply sth. to sb.

      offer sb. sth.

      2. 表示“主动提出做某事”

      offer to do sth.

      3. 表示“倘使”、“假如”

      provided / providing that

      = on condition that

      =only if

      4. 表示“满足需要”supply / meet a need.

 

 supply的常用短语

      in short supply 缺乏,不足

      medical/military supply医疗/军用品

      supplies of…许多

 

 lack的常用短语

      be lacking in sth. 在……不足

      make up for the lack of

      弥补……的不足

      for/by/from/through lack of…

      由于…不足,缺乏

      have no lack of不缺

 

damage的常用短语

      do damage/harm to 对……有害

      cause damage to 对……造成损害

      ask for damage要求赔偿

 

      die of die from 的区别

      die of 表示“死于……病”或冻死、气死,或死于过度悲伤。

      die of cancer/grief/hunger/anger/cold

      die from表示死于外伤、事故、劳累过度。如:

      die from polluted air/overwork/sword thrust

die常用短语

      die for ones country为国捐躯

      die down熄灭、平息

      die off绝种、枯死

      die away消逝、静下来

      die a heroic death英勇牺牲

 threaten常用短语

      threaten sb. with sth.用……威胁某人

      threaten to do…威胁做……

      under the threat of…在……的威胁下

 speed常用短语

      speed up加速

      at the speed of…以…..的速度

      with great speed迅速

aim常用短语

      take aim at瞄准

      reach an aim达到目的

      aim at瞄准、针对

 

permitallow 的区别

      表“允许做某事”或“允许某人做某事”用法基本相同。

      permit/allow doing sth.

      permit/allow sb. to do sth.

      permit /allow of sth

      一般在独立主格结构中表示“时间、条件等许可”,多用permit

      Time/Weather permitting, I’ll drop in on her.

      allow 还可以表示“承认”、“考虑到”。例如:

      1. We allow him to be wronged.

      2. will take an hour to go there, allowing for traffic delays.

 

means常用短语

      by means of通过….., 靠……

      by this means/ in this way用这种方法

      by no means/in no case决不

      by all means用一切办法

 

keep常用短语

      keep up with紧跟…..

      keep sb. doing sth.让某人一直做

      keep sb. from doing sth.阻止…..做……

      keep off the grass勿踏草地

      keep to the point紧扣主题

      keep in touch with与……保持联系

 

mark常用短语

      make ones mark成功、出名

      be marked with标明

      gain/get full marks for ……得满分

 

seat常用短语

      take ones seat坐下

      have a seat请坐

      see/find sb. seated看见/发现某人坐在….

      be seated就座, 坐着

      seat oneself in/at/on使自己坐在……

 

      部分 动词+ to + doing 的用法

      look forward to

      get down to

      object to

      devote… to…

      pay attention to

      prefer…to…

 

give常用短语

      give up放弃

      give in让步\屈服

      give off 散发出

      give away赠送、泄漏

      give rise to 引起……

      give out 疲劳、用完、散发出

 

fit常用短语

      be fit for适合

      keep fit/keep healthy保持健康

      be fit to do 适合于…..

      fit in with适应……

      a nice fit合身的衣服

      fit sb.某人穿….. 合身

 

reach 常用短语

      reach an agreement达成协议

      reach for…伸手去拿/够……

      within / out of reach够得到/够不着

      reach sbs understanding 使某人明白

 

make a choice   做出选择

keep up with  跟上  赶上

keep pace with  ……同步

plenty of  \a number  of  大量

roll up  变成卷形  ; 卷起

dress up  打扮;装饰;盛装

in one’s opinion   ……看法;依……的观点;

have faith in = believe  in 

play a trick on  ……玩笑;欺骗某人

to one’s joy\delight 使 某人高兴  

take in  摄;欺骗

call on  访问;号召;邀请

bring back    拿回;使恢复

day and night  日日夜夜

pay off       还清;付清

earn\make money   挣、赚钱

act out       表演;付出行动

a great deal of  (修饰不可数)大量;许多

test on        ……上做实验try on

around the corner  即使来临;在拐角处

die down  (声音)变弱;平息;消失

come to terms with  甘心忍受

take possession of  占有;占领

make up     组成;构成;占……

turn to      开始干;求助于;转向

go sailing    驾船航行;帆船运动

go camping   宿营

depend on    依赖;依靠

and soon = etc  等等

make fun of    取笑;嘲笑

make use of   利用

date back to\from   回溯;追溯到

be on good terms with  ……关系好

look on… as     ……看作\当作

 regard…as , consider…as….think of… as…

ahead of      ……前;更早in advance

get through    通过;度过;到达

tear down     拆除;推倒pull down

hold up       举起;拿出

make a face   做鬼脸

in order      整齐;按顺序= tidy

divide… into…   ……分成 部分

focus…on   ……为中心

prevent…from…  使…...……,;……不受危险  威胁危害keep….from

stop … from   protect …from

manage to…  努力做成try to do

词组短语          as though=as if;live trough 度过;经受住;

all of a sudden=suddenly 突然          

knock about 漫游;on board 上船; calm down   镇静,平静

drawl one’s attention to  吸引注意力

at hand     在手边

advise sb. (not) to do sth.  劝某人(不)做某事

advise doing    建议做某事

wipe out 消灭,擦干净

take part in    参加

in harmony with   ……协调

the UN-Untied Nation   联合国

in case of     假使,以防

in the case of   ……情况下

a list of  清单

keep in mind   记住

free from    不受……影响

pay attention to    注意  

contribute to   ……作贡献

=make contribution to

in general  一般地,大体地

light up   照亮;使……放光彩

play with   玩耍;游戏

call up    召唤;使想起

fill up with   ……

fall in love with   爱上……

relate…to  ……有关

go up  上升,增长

cheer up   使振奋;使高兴起来

put…together   ……结合成整体;装配

短语:

set foot in 涉足; 到达

have an effect on ……影响……

rely on= depend on

come to life  苏醒; 复活;

put forward  提出

aim at  旨在;瞄准

set out 出发; 上路

make a living 谋生

apply to 申请

in public   公开

 cut up 切碎

benefit from 得益于; 受益于;

all the way  一路上;一直

take advantage of  ……加以利用

give off 释放

a variety of 各种各样的

put in prison ……投入监狱

set an example to/for ……树立榜样

from then on 从那时起

start with …… 开始

 regardless of 不管; 不顾

at first sight 一看

look into  调查

every now and then 不时地

get/be tired of …..厌倦

cool off冷却; 变凉

take a chance冒险; 碰运气

in vain 白费

insist on 坚持

put out 出版; 产生;扑灭

in turn 依次; 轮流

get round=get about 活动; 四处走动

get used to 习惯于

allow for 顾及;为……做准备

get stuck 困住

break away from 摆脱;脱离

be aware of 知道意识到

after all 毕竟

pay back 偿还

keep track of 保持联系

have mercy on 怜悯

as far as I know…..而言=in terms of

at the mercy of ……摆布/控制

lend a hand  帮助

 

注意; 宾语从句中用虚拟语气(should )加动词原形:

坚持;insist;

命令;order;command;

建议;advise;suggest;propose;

要求; demand;require;request;claim;

渴望;desire;;

催促、敦促; urge;

feed常用短语

      feed sth. to sb/feed sb. on sth. 用……喂养……

      be fed up of…/ be tired of…/ be bored with…

      对……感到厌倦

      feed on以……为食

 

mercy常用短语

      without mercy残忍地

      have mercy on /upon 对……表示怜悯

      at the mercy of任凭摆布

      beg for mercy 乞求饶恕

 

exist常用短语

      exist in/lie in/consist in存在于……

      in existence 现存的

      come into existence/ come into being 形成

 

opinion常用短语

      in ones opinion =in the opinion of sb.在某人看来

      have a high/ low opinion of

      对……评价高/

      give one’s opinion on

      对……谈自己的看法

persuade常用短语

      persuade sb. to do =

      persuade sb. into doing

      说服某人做某事

      try to persuade sb. to do

      试图说服某人做某事

      persuade sb. to sth.

      说服某人同意某事

 

engage 常用短语

      be engaged to sb.

      与某人订婚

      be engaged in sth. =

      be engaged doing sth.

      忙于……, 从事某事

 

wide broad 的区别

      它们均可以表“宽”和“广阔的”

      a river 50 feet wide/ broad

      指身体部位“宽肩、宽背”一般用broad, 表示

      “睁大眼睛、张大嘴巴”一般用wide。

      broad shoulders/ back

      with wide eyes

      open one’s mouth wide

      wide 还可以作副词,表示“完全、大大地”

      be wide awake

      be wide open

 

sure常用短语

      be sure of/about

      对……由把握

      be sure to do sth.

      肯定会……

      make sure + that-clause

      务必……,一定要……

      make sure of…

      弄清楚……

 

 experience 常用短语

      have experience in…

      在……有经验

      be experienced in…

      在……有经验

pain 常用短语

      take great pains to do

      努力做某事

      spare no pains to do

      全力以赴做某事

 

 stick 常用短语

      stick to sth.

      坚持……

      stick …on…

      粘贴……

      be stuck in …

      陷进……

      stick no bills

      请勿张贴

 

spare 常用短语

      spare money/time for

      省出钱…,腾出时间

      in one’s spare time

      在某人业余时间

      spare no efforts to do

      不遗余力去做

      don’t spare the opinions

      不要保留意见

put down的不同含义

      put down (ones knife and fork) 放下……

      pit down the rebellion

      镇压

      put down what sb. says

      记下,写下

 

take up 的不同含义

      take up a hobby

      培养……

      take up football

      开始……

      take up the work

      继续……

      take up…time/space

      消耗,占据……

      take up a post

      就职

      take up a song/ cry

      跟着一起……

 

habit 常用短语

      form/get the habit of

      养成……习惯

      be in/have the habit of

      有…….习惯

      get into the habit of

      沾染了……恶习

      get rid of the habit=

      grow out of the habit=

      break away from the habit

      改掉了……习惯

 

二、    按小词(介词、副词)记忆

  l.动词+about

  speaktalk about    谈论       think about    思考

  care about    关心,对……有兴趣  bring about   引起,使发生

  set about    着手,开始       come about    发生

  h ear about   听说                worry about    ……担心

  2.动词+away

  throw away    扔掉        blow away    吹走

  carry away    拿走,使入迷     clear away    清除掉,消散

  die away    逐渐消失,减弱        pass away     去世

  wash away    冲走        take away     拿走,使消失

  put away    收拾起来,存起来    give away     背弃,泄漏,赠送

  wear away    磨掉,消耗      break away     摆脱

  send away    让走开        turn away     ……打发走

  3.动词+back

  keep back    隐瞒,忍住      look back(on)     回顾

  hold back    控制住        give back     归还

  call back    回电话        take back      拿回,收回

  4.动词+for 

  run for    竞选          ask for    要求得到

  wait for    等候         stand for    代表,表示

  long for   渴望          hope/wish for   希望得到

  care for     关心,喜欢       beg for        乞求

  search for     查找         look for       寻找

  call for     需要,要求       hunt for      寻找

  change…for      ……      charge…for     收费,要价

  apply for        申请              take…for     误以为……

  seek for       寻找        come for     来拿,来取

 5.动词+down

  burn down       烧毁         break down     坏了,垮了,分解

  take down     记下,记录      turn down    调小,拒绝

  cut down     削减,砍倒       slow down     慢下来

  pass down     传下来        put down     记下,写下,镇压

  calm down     平静下来       bring down    使……降低,使倒下

  settle down      安家        come down      下落,传下

  tear down      拆毁,拆除

   6.动词+at

  come at     ……袭击       shout at    (某人)嚷嚷

  run at      冲向,向……攻击     work at     ……活动(研究)

  tear at    用力撕         look at    看,注视

  stare at    凝视         glare at    怒视

  glance at    匆匆一瞥       laugh at    嘲笑

  knock at    (门、窗等)      point at    指向

  smile at      (某人)       strike at    ……打击

  aim at      ……瞄准        shoot at    ……射击

  wonder at       惊讶          call at    拜访(地点)

  7.动词+from

  differ from  ……不同      suffer from    ……

    hear from   收到……来信      die from    ……而死

  keepstopprevent…from不让……learn from    ……学习      

result from       由于                 date from   始于……时期      

separate…from      ……分离开

  8.动词+of

  think of 想到                   dream of 梦到

  consist of ……组成      speak of 谈到

  approve of 赞成         die of 死于

  talk of 谈到           hear of 听说

  complain of 抱怨         become of 发生……情况,怎么啦

9.动词+off

  start off    出发                              set off   出发

  leave off    中断             show off  炫耀

  get off    下车              take off  脱下,起飞

  see off    送行              ring off  挂断电话

  put off    延期,推迟           come off  脱落,褪色

  cut off    切断,断绝           fall off   跌落,掉下

  keep off    避开,勿走近          go off 走开;消失;坏了,爆炸,不喜欢

  knock…off   ……撞落          break off   打断

  pay off   还清              carry off 携走带走,赢得

  get off    脱下(衣服等)          give off 散发出

  turn(switch) off   关掉

   10.动词+on

  depend on    依靠             rely on   依靠

  insist on    坚持             carry on  继续,进行

  keepgo on   继续            spend…on ……花钱

  put on  穿上,戴上,上演         call on    拜访

  move on  继续移动,往前走        live on  ……为生

  feed on  ……为生           bring on  使……发展

  take on  雇用,呈现(新面貌等)      try on  试穿

  have on    穿着              pass on  传授,传递

look on    旁观              turn(switch) on  打开

  11.动词+out

  break out  爆发                                                 point out  指出

  pick out  选出                                                    figure out  算出,理解

  burst out  进发                                                   bring out   阐明,使表现出

  carry out  执行,进行                                          help out   救助

  hold out  坚持下去                                             set out   出发,着手,摆放

  wear out  穿破,使……疲劳                            turn out  结果是,生产,培养

  make out  理解,看清楚                                  come out  出版,出来

  cross out  划掉                                                  leave out  省略,删掉

  keep out(of) 使不进入,挡住                             work out  算出,想出办法等

  find out 查出,弄明白                                       give out   散发,分发,用完

  try out  试用,试验                                           look out  当心,提防

  put out  扑灭                                              speak out  大胆讲出

  hand out  散发                                                   send out  发出,派遣

  run out 用完                                                       go out    熄灭

  let out 泄漏,发出(声音),出租               die out   灭绝

  12.动词in

  give in  让步                                              hand in    上交

  bring in  引进,使得到收入                              drop in     拜访

  result in  导致                                                    succeed in  在……获成功

  join in  参加                                                take in     接纳,吸收,改小

  get in  收获,进入                                            break in   强制进入,插话

  fill in  填写                                                         call in    召集,来访

  cut in  插入                                                        persist in   坚持

  look in  来访,参观

  13.动词十into

  look into 研究,调查                                         turn into   变成

  burst into 闯入,进发                                  divideinto   把……分成

  changeinto 把……变成                            puttranslateinto   把……译成

  run into碰到                           send sb to/into sleep  使进入状态

  14.动词+over

  turn over 翻倒,细想                                              think over   仔细考虑

  go over  审阅,检查,研究                                     look over   翻阅,检查

  get over  克服                                                           run over   压死,看一遍

  take over 接管,接替                                              watch over   看守,照看

  fall over  跌倒,摔倒                                              roll over  翻滚

  15.动词十to

  belong to  属于                                                         object to  反对

  refer to  谈到,涉及,参阅                                     point to  指向

  turn to  向……求助,查阅                         stickholdkeep to  坚持,忠于

  see to  处理,料理                                                   come to  共计,苏醒

  reply to  答复                                                            get to  到达

  bring to   使苏醒把……比作             compareto  与…相比;把…比作

  agree to  同意                                                           write to  写信给

  supplyto  为……提供                                            lead to  导致,通向

  add to    增添                                            attend to  处理,专心,照料

  devoteto   贡献给

  16.动词+up

  grow up  成长,长大                                              give up  放弃,献出

  build up  建立                                                           set up  架起、建立

  put up  搭起,架起,安装,住宿,张贴,盖起   

do up   整理,包装,打扮   

  go up  增长,上涨get up 起床,站起                    

pick up  拾起,学会,用车,来接,收听到

  bring up  抚养,呕吐,提出 出现                           turn up  开大(音量等),出席  stay up   挺住,熬夜                                              take up  开始学,从事,占据

  sit up     熬夜                                                                 eat up 吃完

  use up    用完                                                                 tear up 撕碎

  lay up   储存                                                    make up构成,组成 编造 弥补  cut up 切碎                                                            join up 联结起来,参军

  end up  总结                                                     come up 上来,长出,出现

  speed up 加快速度                                                    throw up 呕吐

  clear up 整理,收拾,放晴                                      look up 查找,找出

  bum up 烧毁                                                              catch up 赶上

  hurry up 赶快                                                            fix up 修理,安排,装置

  keep up 保持                                                     hold up 耽搁,使停顿

  send up 发射                                                     ring up 打电话

  open up 开创,开辟                                                  divide up 分配

  break up 分解

  17.动词十through

  get through 通过,干完,接通电话           look through 翻阅,看一遍,仔细查看

  go through 审阅,检查,学习                                  putthrough 接通电话

  see through 识破                                                       check through 核对

  pull through 渡过;,康复

  18.动词+with

  deal with 处理,对付                                              do with 处理,需要

  meet with 遇到,遭受                                       talk with 同……交谈

  agree with 同意,与……一致                                  compare with 与……相比

  combine with 与……相联合                                      equipwith 以……装备

  coverwith 用……覆盖                                           begin with 以……开始

  end up  with 以……结束                                          supplywith 以……供给

  providewith 以……供给                                play with 玩,玩弄

  19.三词以上的短语动词

  add up to 总计                                                      break away from 摆脱

  keep away from  避开,别靠近                            do away with 废除

  look down on 轻视                                                 look up to 仰望,尊敬

  put up with 忍受                                                    catch up with 赶上

  keep up with 赶上                                          run out of 用完

  make up for 弥补                                                   go on with 继续

  get on(along) with 和……相处                               look forward to 盼望

  get close to 接近                                                    take hold of 握住

  get out of 逃避,避免                                          get down to 认真开始

  set fire to 放火烧                                                   pay attention to 注意

  take notice of 注意                                      set an example to 为……榜样

  do well in 在……干得好                                       pay a visit to 访问

  take a photo of 拍……照片                                   take the place of 取代

三、    易混短语强化记忆

1.       in turn一个接一个地      

in return      作为回报 I tried to do a good deed, but this is what I got in return,

  by turns=one after the other  

take turn to do sth.轮流做某事

  turn secretary=become a secretary  

  turn to sb ( for help )               turn up=appear   

turn out=prove to be / produce

  turn down 拒绝=refuse;音量调低 ;向下翻;

2. If she spent five years in Paris, how come she can't speak a word of French?

她假若在巴黎呆了五年,怎麽一句法语都不会说呢?

  come across 越过某处;被理解;偶然发现, 偶然遇到

  come into beingexistence 出现,开始形成,建立 

come into useservice 开始使用 (无被动)

come out 出来; 出发;出版;名列;(总数等)达到(+ at/to

come to light 泄露(真相);被发现

cf. Your statement does not throw light on the subject.  并没有说明问题

  come true实现,变成现实 My dream has come true. 我的一个梦想实现了。

Cf. realize one’s dream           reach one’s goal     turn sth into reality

come up 升起;走进;种子生长发育; 被提出   

come up with an idea(突然)想出办法

 

3. go all out to do sth 全力以赴去做某事 =try one’ best to…=do what / all one can to…

go beyond 超出;超出的能力  go beyond one’s ability / imagination / control

go in for参与,参与(竞赛等);从事(某项工作);爱好,酷爱

go out ()熄灭,过时了

cf. put out the fire(灭火)   put off 推迟, 延期( put off the meeting );

put down the rebellion(镇压)

go with 相配     (同义词match / go along with

4. keep in touch with保持联系(指状态)   

get in touch with (指动作)

keep up your courage保持勇气,别泄气

keep up with 跟上       catch up with 赶上

5. look down upon/ on sb 轻视某人;鄙视某人/某物

  look on /upon sb./sth. as ...看作.(近义词组:regard…as; treat…as; consider…as/to be)

  look over 审阅;粗略地看;翻阅     

look up a word in a dictionary查阅

look through 透过看(尤指空隙或透明物体等);(从头到尾)初略地翻阅

  look up to sb 尊敬某人

look sb. in the eye 盯着

6. make oneself at home(如同在家一般)随便些,不必客气

  make arrangements for做安排

  make a been line for取捷径前往

make room for让出地方,腾出空间

  make the best of 充分利用 ,尽量利用

make the most of尽量利用,善于利用

make up for lost time/ground加紧努力补回失去或落后的时间

  make oneself heard / understood使自己被别人听到/听懂理解

  make good /no sense有意义/没意义

make tea/coffee 泡茶/咖啡 

make for有助于,使成为 Cultural exchanges make for mutual understanding.

7. put away 放好;收起来;把放在原位;储藏 放弃

put aside放在一边;抛弃;暂时不做;留出(时间),省出()

  put sth. in order(使)整齐

  put on weight增加体重(lose weight减肥,减少体重)

  put on your clothes穿衣               take off your clothes脱衣

put an end/stop to制止,使停止,结束

cf. come to an end(某事)结束          end up with failure以失败而告终

  put up with和某人住在一起;忍受,忍耐=bear / stand

  put through 做成,完成;接通电话 使通过考试;使经历(难受的事)

8. take sb. by surprise (出人意料地)攻占;撞见

  take A for B A误认为是B

  take sb./sth. for granted认为是必然情况,视为当然

  take sth. into account/consideration加以考虑;予以重视

take advantage of  利用;占的便宜 

take the opportunity of抓住机会;利用(机会)

  take charge of开始负的责;看管;控制

  take it easy=Don’t be nervous                  

take your time 从容   Take your time. There is still half an hour left.

  take the place of代替   cf.  stand for代表

  take on a new look 呈现新面貌       take off脱下,起飞

take on sb 雇用 =employ sb=hire sb

  take in fresh air=absorb

  take up 占据(时间,地方);从事于  take up space / much time  take up a city攻占城市

  take up arms (against)拿起武器反对,武装起来与作对

  take over接管,接替

9. turn down 拒绝;音量调低 ;向下翻;

turn out制造出,生产出,培养出;结局是,结果是;原来是

  It turns out that知道是,结果证明是

It is one's turn to do sth 轮到某人做某事

  turn over a new leaf重新生活,改过自新

turn in sth to sb 上交

10. not a little=much   not a bit=not at all=not in the least

---Are you hungry?

---Not a little. I could eat a horse.

11. break away fromthe Union )脱离(联邦)               

get rid of bad habit 去掉         do away with废除

12. drop in at a place               drop in on ab      顺便拜访

13. due to=caused by   The accident was due to careless driving.

owing to=because of  Owing to the rain they could come.       

thanks to=as a result of  Thanks to your help we were successful.

14. feel like doing=would like to do…

15. figure out=imagine=work out                    make out 辩认,拼凑

16. have a gift for=be talented at

17. in short简言之         in a word   一句话

18. knock into sb=happen to meet sb         cf. knock sb down 撞倒

19. let out a cry of surprise= cry out

20. It is no wonder that …

There is no doubt that …

21. on show在展出                 cf. show off one new clothes 炫耀

22. out of order=in a mess / sth goes wrong     in (good) order

23. pick up sb  开车去接        pick out=choose

24. run short of                 run out of=use up

Our supplies have run short(不用被动语态)=We have run short of supplies.

25. run for 竞选     call for=need    

send for a doctor=ask sb to go to fetch a doctor

   apply for the position           申请

   run into sb=(suddenly) see sb撞上/碰到

26. set about to do sth=set out to do sth

27. burst out laughing        carry out a plan执行   

The war broke out in late autumn.

His shoes were worn out.       wear out 穿破

28. cut down the price 削减      cut off electricity 切断

29. call off a meeting=not hold …取消      see sb off at the airport 送行

set off for the first destination

30. break in 打断/插入       be engaged in      从事

31. reply to sb=answer sb        stick to sth / to doing sth  

see to sb=take care of sb

   take to开始, 喜欢, 沉溺于, 走向, 照料, 求助于, 适应

   take to gardening when one retires              take to drinking

   get down to some solid work认真开始…             object to sth/ doing …反对

32. tear up a letter                     keep up one’s courage保持       

bring up a child 抚养                 break up a family     拆散

stay up late at night=do not go to sleep until very late

33. pass away=die      die away= (sound ) gradually disappear

34. cut through=take a shortcut        see through one’s trick

I couldn’t get through; the line was busy.

35. in charge of负责           in the charge of,意味着管理下

36. add up to总计             add to=increase增加/添加

37. all at once=all of a sudden=suddenly

38. give out散发,分发,用完               give away背弃,泄露,赠送

39. keep … safe

   to remain safe : cf: remaining food(剩菜剩饭)=leftover

   to stay safe

40. What do you think of your new job?

How do you like your new job ?

How do you find your new job? 你认为你的新工作怎么样?

 

 

 

 

第一类  高考英语单词陷阱

一、一个星期七天

1. Monday             2. Tuesday            3. Wednesday        4. Thursday           5. Friday

6. Saturday            7. Sunday

二、一年十二个月

1. January             2. February            3. March               4. April                  5. May

6. June                  7. July                   8. August               9. September         10. October   

11. November        12. December

三、一年四季

1. spring                2. summer             3. autumn                     4. winter

四、容易拼写错的数字


eighth第八

ninth第九

forty四十

twelfth第十二

twentieth第二十


四、亲属称呼


daughter (女儿)

niece (女性晚辈)

nephew (男性晚辈)

cousin (同辈兄弟姐妹)

aunt (女性长辈)

uncle (男性长辈)


五、以下动词加-ed-ing要双写最后一个字母


regret (regretted, regretting) 后悔

control (controlled, controlling) 控制

admit (admitted, admitting) 承认 

occur (occurred, occurring) 出现

prefer (preferred, preferring) 宁愿     

refer (referred, referring) 提到

forget (forgetting ) 忘记      

permit (permitted, permitting)允许

equip (equipped, equipping) 装备


注意:quarrel, signal, travel中的l可双写(英国英语)也可不双写(美国英语)

六、部分过去式和过去分词不规则变化的动词


broadcast (broadcast, broadcast) 广播

flee (fled, fled) 逃跑

forbid (forbade, forbidden) 禁止

forgive (forgave, forgiven) 原谅

freeze (froze, frozen) 结冰

hang (作“绞死”讲,是规则的;作“悬挂”讲,其过去式过去分词都是hung)

lie (作“说谎”讲时,是规则的;作“位于”讲时,其过去式是lay,过去分词是lain)

seek (sought, sought) 寻求

shake (shook, shaken) 发抖

sing (sang, sung) 唱歌

sink (sank, sunk/sunken) 下沉

spread (spread, spread) 传播      

swim (swam, swum) 游泳

tear (tore, torn) 撕碎

weave (wove, woven) 编织


七、意思相近的词


check / examine/ test

receive / accept

destroy /damage

celebrate/ congratulate

wear / dress


八、注意形容词变名词时的拼写变化


long—length 长度

wide—width 宽度

high—height 高度

strong—strength力量


九、以-ic结尾的动词,应先把-ic变为-ick,再加inged

picnic (picnicked, picnicking) 野餐

十、个别名词的复数拼写


German (Germans) 德国人

gulf (gulfs) 海湾

handkerchief (handkerchiefs) 手帕

hero (英雄),potato (土豆),tomato (西红柿) 等有生命的以-o结尾的名词变复数时要加-es。


roof (roofs) 房顶

stomach (其复数是stomachs而不是加es)

十一、注意动词变名词时的拼写变化


succeed—success成功

pronounce—pronunciation 发音

explain—explanation解释

decide—decision 决定

enter—entrance进入

permit—permission 允许

refuse—refusal 拒绝

consider—consideration 考虑

discover—discovery 发现   

bury—burial 埋葬

conclude—conclusion 得出结论

arrive—arrival 到达

weigh—weight 重量


十二、注意形容词变副词时的拼写变化


beautiful—beautifully 美丽的

possible—possibly 可能的

practical—practically 实际的

particular—particularly 特别的

successful—successfully 成功的


十三、其它必背单词


abroad 国外

absence n. 缺席 (absent adj.)

accepted (NMET1997)

accident事故 (accidental adj. 偶然的,accidentally adv. 偶然地)

achievement成就 (achieve v. 获得)

address地址

admire钦佩

admitting (2000北京春季卷)

agreement 协议

agriculture农业 (agricultural adj. 农业的)

altogether总共

ancient 古代的

announced(NMET1999)

anxiety 忧虑 (anxious adj. 焦急的,anxiously adv. 焦急地)

apologize v. 道歉 (apology n. 道歉apologetic adj. 道歉的,apologetically adv.道歉地)

apologize/apologise (2000全国卷)

appreciate感激/欣赏 (感激人用thank sb;谢谢某人做的事用appreciate sth.)

Asian(NMET1996)

assistant 助手      

astonish吃惊 (astonishment n. 吃惊,astonishing,astonished)

astronaut 宇航员

atmosphere气氛

attempt尝试 (可作名词也可作动词)

attentively 专心地

attentively(NMET1996)

attitude 态度

attract 吸引 (attraction吸引力)

average 平均

average(NMET1999)

balance平衡

beauty (beautiful)

believe相信 (belief n. 信念,其复数是beliefs)

beyond超过

biology生物

birthday生日

bravery 勇敢

broadcast(NMET1996)

broadcast广播 (过去式、过去分词同原形)

carefully 小心 (carefully)

ceiling天花板

celebrated (2000北京春季卷)

celebration 庆祝 (celebrate n. 庆祝)

century 世纪

challenge 挑战

character 性格

charge收费

cinema电影院

comfort v. & n. 安慰 (comfortable adj. comfortably adv.舒适地)

comfortably(NMET1997)

comment 评论

communication 交流

competition 竞赛 (compete v. 竞赛competitor 竞赛者)

composition 作文

concert 音乐会

conclude v. conclusion n. 结论

condition情况 (conditions条件)

confessing (2000北京春季卷)

congratulations 祝贺 (congratulate v.)

constantly 不断地

construction(NMET1996)

continue继续

contribution 贡献 (contribute v.)

conveniently方便 (convenient adj.)

conversation 谈话

coughing(NMET1997)

cousin表兄弟

cruelty 残酷 (cruel adj. cruelly adv.)

curious 好奇 (curiosity n. 好奇)

curious(NMET1996)

customer 顾客

customers (2000北京春季卷)

custom习俗

damage损坏

declared(NMET1999)

delicious 美味

destroy毁灭 (其过去式是destroyed)

determined 有决心的

develop发展 (development n. developing 发展中的,developed发达的)

dialogue 对话

diary 日记 (dairy 奶制品)

difference 不同点 (有复数形式)

disappointed失望 (disappointing 让人失望的)

disappointment 失望

discovery 发现 (其复数是discoveries,其动词是discover,discoverer发现者)

disturb打扰

dollar美元 (其复数是dollars)

downstairs楼下

dream梦想 (其过去式是dreameddreamt)

electricity (electrical电的,electric 电的)

employ 雇用 (employment n. employer 雇主,employee雇员)

empty倒空 (可用动词,其过去式是emptied)

encourage鼓励 (encouraging, encouraged, encouragement n.)

energy能量

envelope 信封

envy n. 妒忌 (envious adj.)

equal(NMET1998)

equipment设备

especially 尤其是

essential(NMET1999)

European 欧洲人

event事件

excellent极好 (excellence n. excellently adv.)

exhibition(NMET1997)

exhibition展览

expense 耗费

experience 经验 (experienced 有经验的)

expert 专家

expression 表达

failure 失败 (fail v.)

familiar(NMET1999)

familiar熟悉的

favorite 最喜爱的 (即作形容词也作名词,作名词时有复数)

figure人物/数字

finger手指

flight飞行

forehead前额

foreign(NMET1998)

fortunately幸运地

forward向前

freezing 极冷的 (frozen 冷冻的)

frequently 经常地

furniture 家具

further进一步的

generally (2000全国卷)

geography地理

Germany德国

government(NMET1996)

gradually逐渐地

graduation毕业 (graduate)

grammar语法

habits (NMET1997)

handkerchiefs (2000北京春季卷)

honesty 诚实 (honest)

honor/honour 荣誉

imagination 想象力 (imagine v.)

immediate (2000北京春季卷)

immediately马上

impress 印象 (impression n.)

incident小事件

including包括 (include v.)

indispensable (NMET1999)

industry工业 (industrial adj. 工业的)

information 信息

inspire激励 (inspiration n. inspiring, inspired)

institute学院

instrument 仪器

interest 兴趣

interrupt 打断

interrupt打断

introduce介绍 (introduction n.)

irregular 不规则的

journey旅程

judge判断 (judgment)

kindergarten幼儿园

knowledge 知识

labor/labour劳动

late1y(NMET1999)

laughter笑声

lawyer律师

librarian图书馆理员

loss损失 (lose, lost 是其动词形式)

luckily幸运地

magazine杂志

majority (2000北京春季卷)

majority大多数

manage 设法 (manager, management)

market(2000全国卷)

marriage 结婚 (marry v. 结婚,married已婚的)

material(s)/cloth(NMET1996)

material物质/材料

mayor市长

mean (NMET1999)

measure测量 

medal 奖章 (比较:model 模型)

memory记忆力 (memorize v. 记住,remember 记得)

messages (2000全国卷)

metal 金属

modern现代的

modest谦虚的

monitor 班长/监控      

moustache 胡子

murder谋杀 (murderer 凶手)

musician 音乐家

mysterious 神秘的 (mystery 神秘)

nationality国籍 (nation 国家,national国家的)

naturally(NMET1998)

naughty 淘气的

necessary(NMET1999)

ninth(NMET1998)

normal 正常的

obey (NMET1997)

obviously明显的

offering (2000全国卷)

operation手术

opportunity 机会

ordinary 普通的

organized/organised(NMET1996)

particularly 特别是

passenger 旅客

passengers(NMET1999)

patience耐心 (patiently)

patient病人/耐心

perfect 完美 (perfectly)

performed(2000北京春季卷)

perhaps 或许

period 时期

permission许可

persuaded(NMET1996)

phenomena 现象

physicist 物理学家

pilots (2000全国卷)

poisonous 有毒的 (poison)

political 政治的 (politics)

popular受欢迎的

population人口

position 职位

possibility(-ies)可能性 (possible 可能的)

poverty 贫穷 (poor)

poverty贫穷  

practical (NMET1997)

preparing(NMET1998)

pressure(NMET1997)

pretend假装

professor 教授

profit 利润

progress进步

pronunciation (2000北京春季卷)

provide 提供 (比较:offer, supply)

public 公众

purpose目的

quality(NMET1996)

quantity数量

realistic(NMET1997)

receive 收到

recently(NMET1999)

recognised/recognized(NMET1999)

recognize 认出 (recognition 承认)

regards 问候

remind提醒

repeat (repetition)重复

respect尊敬

restaurant 餐馆

restaurants(NMET1999)

satisfaction满意 (satisfy, satisfied, satisfying)

satisfactory 满意的

Saturday(NMET1998)

scientific 科学的

scientific科学的

secretary秘书      

secretly (2000北京春季卷)

separately单独地

separates (NMET1998)

serious 严重的 (seriously)

service服务

shortcoming缺点  

silence 安静 (silent)

similar (2000北京春季卷)

similar 类似的 (similarity –ies相似之处)

situation形势/情况

slightly(2000全国卷)

society 社会 (social adj. 社会的)

southern(2000全国卷)

special特别的

species 物种 (单复数同形)

spring(NMET1997)

square 平方

stolen(2000全国卷)

straight(NMET1997)

suitable合适的

support支持

surprise吃惊

surround 包围

swimming(NMET1998)

technique 技术 (technical adj.)

technology技术

temperature温度

theory 理论

thirsty口渴

thorough (NMET1997)

total合计

traffic 交通

translated(NMET1998)

translation 翻译 (translator翻译家,interpret 解说, interpreter 口语翻译)

umbrella(NMET1999)

umbrella

unusually不寻常 (unusual不寻常的)

unwilling 不愿意 (willing adj. 愿意 will n. 意志)

upstairs(2000全国卷)

upstairs楼上

vacation假期

various各种各样的 (variety n. 种类)

victim受害者

victory胜利

vocabulary词汇

voyage航行

waste (NMET1999)

wealth财富

weather(NMET1998)

whisper 低语

worship崇拜

youth年轻人 (复数加-s)

zero

 

 

 

 

第二类  高考英语经典十口诀

 

1要求跟不定式的动词 “要想干,同意办,愿意不愿意,决定尽量干!

a要求,想要,希望(want, wish, hope, expect, intend, mean)

b同意(agree, promise)

c意愿(care, hate, refuse)

d决定,企图(determine, decide, offer, attempt, try, manage)

2 要求跟随动名词的动词

(1)megafeps(霉咖啡不吃),

 mind, miss, enjoy, give up, admit, avoid, finish, escape, practise.

(2)“makes (a) fit speech”

mind,avoid,keep,enjoy,suggest/finish,imagine,thinkabout,spend,practise,excuse,escape,can't help

3 有些动词跟不定式作宾语补足语时省去了to,

其口诀是:一觉二听三让四看,五观察。

一觉:feel

二听:hear、listen to

三让:let、have、make

四看:notice、see、watch、look at

五观察: observe倒装口诀

4  i drop caps”

在某些表示请求、命令、建议等动词后面的宾语从句中,谓语动词要用动词原形或should+动词原形。

i—insist, d—demand, r—request/require/recommend, o—order, p—propose, c—command, a—advise, p—preqersic, s—suggest.

5有些动词用过去完成时,常表示“想做而未做”的意思。可巧记其首字为组成的“withspem”,代表:wish,intend,think,hipe,suppose,plan,expect,mean

6例装

副词开头要例装,人称代词则如常。

only修饰副介状,位于句首半倒装。

否定意义副连词,“既不…也不”须倒装。

表语前置主语长,衔接自然常倒装。

such代词做表语,引起主谓要倒装。

Not only开头句,前一分句须倒装。

had,were,should虚拟句,省略if半倒装。

口诀7当名词有多个形容词修饰时,下面的口诀可帮你记住这一先后顺序。

  限定描绘大长高,

  形状年龄和新老;

  颜色国籍跟材料,

   作用类别往后靠;

8

lie lay lain躺/lay laid laid放下;产蛋/lie lied lied撒谎,这几个词在拼写上很容易混淆,有人编了这样的口诀:

规则的“撒谎”,不规则的“躺”,“躺”过就“下蛋”,“下蛋”不规则。

“规则”指规则变化,“不规则”即不规则变化,如lie作“撒谎”解时,是规则变化,即其过去式和过去分词直接加-d;“躺过”的“过”指的是过去式,即lie的过去式lay是“下蛋”的原形;“下蛋”是不规则变化。

9

分开“一段时间”, some time表示“一段时间”;

相聚“在某一时”,sometime表示“在某一时”;

“有时”相聚加s,sometimes表示“有时,不时”;

“几次”分开带s,some times表示“几次,次数”。

10短文改错

(一) 见到谓语找主语,主谓一致找状语

见到名词想多数,可不可数要记牢

见到平行看结构,形式功能要对称

见到代词找指代,指代通常不合理

小小of常抓的点,of前名词adj最高级

(二) 谓与非谓经;

谓语句中就一个

其余动词非谓语常见形式有三种

ving ved to do

主宾通常ving

现在分词表主动

过去分词表被动

目的要用不定式

改错要想拿高分

语法口诀要记牢

 

 

 

 

 

第三类  高考英语作文模版

 

★★★对比观点题型

1    要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。

1    有一些人认为。。。

2    另一些人认为。。。

3    我的看法。。。

    The topic of -----------------(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of -----------------(支持A的理由一)What is more, -------------理由二). Moreover, ---------------(理由三).

    While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------(支持B的理由一). Secondly (besides),------------------(理由二). Thirdly (finally),------------------(理由三).

    From my point of view, I think ----------------(我的观点). The reason is that --------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice .

 

2    给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点

Some people believe that ----------------(观点一). For example, they think -----------------(举例说明).And it will bring them ---------------(为他们带来的好处).

In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,-------------(我不同意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ---------(反对的理由之二)

Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that -----(我对文章所讨论主题的看法)

 

★★★阐述主题题型

要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提纲的要求进行论述.

1.    阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义.

2.    分析并举例使其更充实.

    The good old proverb ----------------(名言或谚语)reminds us that ----------------(释义). Indeed, we can learn many things form it.

First of all,-----------------(理由一). For example, -------------------(举例说明).        Secondly,----------------(理由二). Another case is that ---------------(举例说明). Furthermore , ------------------(理由三)

    In my opinion, ----------------(我的观点). In short, whatever you do, please remember the say------A. If you understand it and apply it to your study or work, you’ll necessarily benefit a lot from it.

★★★解决方法题型

要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径

1.    问题现状

2.    怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点)

    In recent days, we have to face I problem-----A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, ------------(说明A的现状)Second, ----------(举例进一步说明现状)

   Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ---------------(解决方法一). For another -------------(解决方法二). Finally, --------------(解决方法三).

      Personally, I believe that -------------(我的解决方法). Consequently, Im confident that a bright future is awaiting us because --------------(带来的好处).

 

★★★说明利弊题型

这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度(利或弊)出发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测)

1.    说明事物现状

2.    事物本身的优缺点(或一方面)

3.    你对现状(或前景)的看法

     Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ----------------(A的优点之一). Besides -------------------(A的优点之二).

    But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(A的第一个缺点)To make matters worse,------------------(A的第二个缺点)

    Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法)

(From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ---------------(对前景的预测))

 

★★★议论文的框架 

  (1) 不同观点列举型( 选择型 

 There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that 观点一________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ___原因一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二_____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____. 

  People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some peoplehold the idea that_观二_____. In their point of view, on the one hand, ___原因一_______.  On the other hand, ____原因二_____. Therefore, there is no doubt that ___观点二______.  

   As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二_. Itis not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________. 

  2)利弊型的议论文

    Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文题目______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题_____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一______.  And secondly ___优点二_____. 

   Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __讨论议题______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺点一______. In addition,  ____缺点二______. 

   To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___.

( 3 ) 答题性议论文

     Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)__作文题目_______ .It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem.

     As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, __途径一______. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is ___途径二_____.

   Above all, to solve the problem of ___作文题目______, we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, ____方法_____.

 

( 4 ) 谚语警句性议论文

   It is well know to us that the proverb: " ___谚语 has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study. It means ____谚语的含义______. The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also theoretically )

     A case in point is ___例子一______. Therefore, it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb ____谚语_____.

     With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: ____谚语_____. The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job..

 

 

 

 

 

 

★★★图表作文的框架 

    as is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table(graph/picture/pie/chart), ___作文题目的议题_____ has been on rise/ decrease (goesup/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________.

  There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______. On the one hand, ________. On the other hand, _______ is due to the fact that ________. In addition, ________ is responsible for _______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing. 

  As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.

 

 

 

第四类  高考英语作文经典范文

参与报社等讨稿(带手机利弊)

Dear Editor:

[引出话题] I’m a senior three student. I’m writing to tell you my opinion on whether middle school students can go to school with mobile phones. [赞成]I think they can do that. Because students can keep in touch with their friends and family wherever they are. Besides, the mobile phone is a way to have fun.

      [反对] However, every coin has 2 sides. There are some problems with using mobile phones. The ring of phones can disturb teachers and students in the classroom. Another students is that some students can spend too much time and money on phone calls and sending messages.

      [个人观点] In conclusion, I suggest students not use phones in the classroom. Also, as it is expensive, the owner should take good care of it.

                                                     Yours sincerely,

                                                     Li Hua

 

 

看对照表格写调查报告(孩子出国利弊)

[调查内容] A survey is taken on public opinions of the fact that many parents spend a large amount of money sending their children to study abroad, some of whom are middle school students.

 [调查结果]From it we can see that 38 percent of those surveyed think it is worth the money letting children study abroad to get a better education so that they can get pay in return in the future. However, not all are for it / some are against it. 62% of them hold the view that it is difficult for young people to live  and study in a foreign country. It’s easy for them to fall / get into some bad habits and the cost of education in another country is ten times as much as that at home.

   [解决措施]The survey shows that the government should set up different kinds of schools to meet the demands of different children. (句型do something /take measures / steps about sth.to do sth

 

读柱状图表写调查报告 [注意句式变换]

Middle school students have some ideas about their future jobs.

The most striking contrast is in teaching: 30percent of the girls would like to become teachers while only 5percent of the boys want to do the job. 20 percent of the boys want to do business and another 20 percent want to become lawyers, while girls make up 15percent in these two fields. What boys like to do most is to become managers and the second largest group would like to be scientists. Besides teaching, the second choice for girls is to be scientists and managers. The number is not small. Girls also expect to show their abilities in these two fields.

◎     写信(过去/现在对比)

Dear editor,

I’m a middle school student. I once had a very happy family, but everything has changed because of my father.

      He used to be a very good doctor and was often praised by his patients. He took good care of the family and shared the

housework with my mother everyday.

      However, he is now quite a different person. He plays mahjong all night and often quarrels with my mother. I just can’t concentrate on my studies and my grades are coming down. I’m very much worried and I’m afraid it will destroy my family as well as my father 

    Could you help me what to do? I’m looking forward to your reply. Thank you very much.              

                                                  Li Hua

图画+个人想法

One day during the summer holidays, I met my classmate Li Ming, whose nickname is Tao taopi. We chatted for a while as we walked. I asked him where he would go during the holidays. He replied that he had to stay at home studying. Then I’d like to know why he didn’t go out for a tour. Much to my surprise, he told me that it was just because he failed to be accepted by key universities.

In my opinion/Personally/ I think, traveling during the holidays not only increase a student’s knowledge of his or her motherland but also makes life meaningful. What’s more, at the present time, we students are suffering a lot both at home and school. Why not go out to get relaxed.

幽默画

We want our schoolbags lighter

[图画内容]The picture shows us a schoolboy and a big woman. The boy is wearing a pair of glasses and carrying a big heavy bag. The woman is taking some exercise. The boy is saying to the woman jokingly: “Mum, if you carry the schoolbag for me,  I’m sure you will easily lose weight….”

  [社会实际]It’s quite common that Chinese students are overburdened with the lessons and homework. What we do every day is to listen to the teachers’ lectures, take notes and do our homework which seems endless.

   [个人想法]We do hope our teachers will help us get more knowledge with fewer lectures, exercises and less homework. Only in this way can we have time to do sports every day. Then we will be mentally and physically healthy.

◎     补全图画

     Yesterday afternoon I went to the park. It so happened that I saw a touching event.

At that time there were some people boating on the lake. A girl and her parents were taking photos. All of a sudden, the little girl fell into the lake as a result of carelessness. Obviously she couldn’t swim and was struggling in the water. Her parents cried for help. Hearing the cry, a young man immediately rushed to the bank and jumped into the water without taking off his clothes. He swam to the drowning girl and managed to push to the bank. At last the girl was saved. The girl’s parents were very grateful to the young man. Many people were greatly moved by the young man’s deeds.

     What a kind and brave young man!

广播稿(看图 海啸

Boys and girls,

May I have your attention, please? At the end of 2004, a strong earthquake hit the west part of Indonesia, which brought on a terrible tsunami to some areas of western Asia. This disaster has caused millions of deaths and destroyed many beautiful cities. How terrible things are! Besides, millions more who have become homeless are in great need of help now.

  At present many countries all over the world including China have sent rescue teams there and thousands of people in every corner of the world are donating money to show their concern for them.

  It is true that many natural disasters can’t be avoided sometimes. But at least we can do something to help the people in the tsunami-hit areas. So let’s offer our pocket money to them! Thank you.

 

 

 

通知

Dec. 19th, 2004

                                NOTICE

   To help students learn more about computers, we have invited Professor Wang from the Computer Department of Qinghua University to give us a lecture on Saturday, December 22nd. Professor will talk about the use of computer and how to learn through the Internet.

   The lecture begins at 2;00pm in Room 204 of the Library Building. Any computer-lover is welcome to attend the lecture. Please bring your questions in computer learning. Professor Wang will will leave you time for questions.

    Don’t forget to be on time.

                                                              the Students’ Union

 

◎     欢迎词

Ladies and gentlemen,

Welcome to our school! Now let me introduce something about the changes that have taken place in our class.

We used to listen and take notes in class, but had no time to think for ourselves. Because we were not interested in the lessons, we often felt sleepy while listening. After school we had to finish much homework, unable to have some sports.

However, things are different now. With the help of computers, the lessons are so lively and interesting that the students are active to answer the questions instead of falling asleep. As a result, we have made greater progress than before, though we spend less time doing our homework. And we can enjoy ourselves after class.

The good teaching method is popular with all of us. We will try our best to study even harder.

That’s all. Thank you!

 

◎     填写求职表格 (高三教材P140)

 Family name: Zhou

First name:  Lan

Sex:   Female  

Date of birth:  March 25,1983

Place of birth: Zhuzhou, Hunan

Nationality:  Chinese

Address: No 4 Middle School of Zhuzhou

Telephone number: 0733-8483628

Education: Graduated from Hunan University

Explain why you think you are suited for the job:

I enjoy working with people. I’m young and healthy, delightful, helpful. I can speak standard Chinese and I’m good at English. I once won the first prize of  English  competition in our college. I’m very interested in traveling and know many places of interest in China.

  

求职信

Dear sir,

   The other day  from China daily I know  that your company need a travel guide.

I’m writing to apply for the job.

   I’m Chinese, female. I was born on March 25,1983 in Zhuzhou, Hunan province. I graduated from Hunan University last month. I enjoy working with people. I’m young and healthy, delightful, helpful. I can speak standard Chinese and I’m good at English. I once won the first prize of  English  competition in our college. I’m very interested in traveling and know many places of interest in China.

I think I’m suited for the job. If you can let me have this chance I will try my best to do it well.

Expecting you answer. You can connect me by posting a letter to  No 4 Middle School of Zhuzhou or dial this number:0733-8483628.

                                       Yours sincerely,

                                       Zhoulan

 

回复公司关于面试的信件(高三教材P144)

                                           No 4 Middle School of Zhuzhou, Hunan

                                           July 28, 2005

Dear Mr Lively,

   Thank you for your letter of July 20 asking me to come to inter view on Friday,  August 2 at 2:30 pm.

   Unfortunately, I shall not be in that day, as I have another appointment. May I suggest another date for the interview? I could come to an interview on Thursday, August 1, or the morning of August 2.

   I hope one of these dates will be possible for you, as I am extremely interested in the post.

   I look forward to hearing from you.

                                       Yours sincerely,

                                       Zhoulan




 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

高考英语常用动词词组攻略篇

一、add

(1)       If you add 5 to 5,you get 10.<把……加到……上面>
Five added to five is/makes 10.

(2)       This will add to our trouble.<增加>
The balloons added to the festival atmosphere.<
增加>

(3)       His whole school education added up to no more than one year.<加起来总共>

(4)       Add up the numbers,and you will get 1155.<加……>

(题组训练)用与add相关的短语填空

1、The engine of the ship was out of order and the bad weather added _______the helplessness of the crew at sea.

2、The numbers add _______95.

答案:1、to 2、up to

二、agree

(1)       agree on<就……达成共识>

(2)       agree to do sth.<同意做(某事)>
agree to the plan/decision/arrangement<
同意>

(3)       I don't agree with you/what you said/your advice.<同意>
The climate here doesn't agree with me.<
指食物、天气等适合某人
>
Your story agrees with what I have already beard.<
和……一致>

(题组训练)用与agree相关的短语填空

3、Mutton doesn't agree ________________ him.

4、The verb agrees ________________ its subject in number and person.

5、We couldn't agree ________________ a date.

答案:3、 with 4、with 5、 on

三、break

(1)       I am sorry that I broke my promise<违背,违反>
break one's word/break the law/break the rule

(2)       His health broke.<(身体或精神)垮了>

(3)       He broke away from all his old friends.<断绝来往,脱离>

(4)       I should break away from such habits.<改掉(习惯)>

(5)       All our plans broke down. The peace talks have broken down.
<
(计划、谈判等)失败>
Her health broke down under the pressure of work.
=become very bad<被搞垮,垮掉
>
The telephone system has broken down.<
(机器或车辆)出故障;坏掉>

(6)       The thieves planned to break into a bank.<闯入,破门进入>

(7)       The Second World War broke out in September 1939.<爆发>

(8)       After midnight,the party broke up.<散(会)>

(9)       I broke up the candy and gave each child a small piece.<分开>
The police broke up the crowd.<
分开,分散>

(10)   broken English<鳖脚的英语>

(11)   Our troops had little difficulty in breaking through the lines of the police.<突破>

(题组训练)用与break相关的短语填空

6、News reports say peace talks between the two countries have broken __________ with no agreement reached.

7、Fire broke ____________ last night.

8、Sentences can be broken _____________ into clauses:

9、You've been working so hard for nearly a month. Relax yourself,or you will break _______sooner or later.

10、While we were watching TV,a voice broke ______the programme to announce the election results.

答案:6、down 7、out 8、up9、 down 10、into

四、bring

(1)       He brought about a quarrel between his parents.<引起,造成>

(2)       She made every effort to bring about a peaceful solution to the problem.<实现>

(3)       Electricity lines as well as telephone poles were brought down by falling trees or branches.<使倒下>

(4)       bring down prices<降低价格>

(5)       The sale brought in over200.<赚得>

(6)       Dirt often brings on disease.<引起>
The fine weather is bringing the crops on nicely.<
使成长更快,使提高>

(7)       Can you make a sentence to bring out the meaning of the phrase.<讲解清楚>

(8)       Joe was born in Texas but brought up in Oklahoma.<抚养>

(9)       He was so ill that he brought up everything.<呕吐>

(10)   This brought me into touch with various kinds of workers.<(和各种名词连用)进入某种状态>

(11)   Please bring forward the matter at the next meeting.<提出>
They have brought the meeting forward to next Monday.<
把……提前,提早>

(题组训练)用与bring相关的短语填空

11、The war in Iraq was ________________ by the American President Bush.

12、The work can ________________ 2000 a year.

答案:11、brought about 12、bring in

五、call

The trouble calls for quick action by the government.<要求>

(1)       I will call for you at five o'clock.<来找某人>

(2)       We called for the packages at the post office.<来取某物>

(3)       I formed the habit of calling in on him in the evenings.<顺便拜访>

(4)       Your father is ill,you should call in a doctor at once.<找来,请来>

(5)       People don't like being called names.<骂人>

(6)       They've called off the game because of the thick fog.<取消>

(7)       He called upon me to speak immediately after him<请/叫(某人做某事)>

(8)       I called on the people of this country to work hard for national unity.<号召>

(9)       A notice displayed in the shop window called attention to the recent increase in prices.<引起……的注意>

(10)   The army was called in to cut through fallen trees and to help clear the roads and paths.<召集>

(11)   call in at some place/call in on sb. /call back/call up/give sb. a call/make a calla longdistance call

(题组训练)用与call相关的短语填空

13、The situation calls ________________ immediate action.

14、The sound of happy laughter called ________________ memories of his childhood.

15、Could you call in ________________ Mum on your way home?

答案:13、for 14、up 15、on

六、carry

(1)       He had learned enough German to carry on a conversation.<进行>

(2)       One person should carry on where the other had left off.<进行下去>

(3)       I was chosen to carry out our experiment.<执行,开展>

(4)       He did not carry out his promise to us.<履行>

(5)       After destroying the village,the enemy carried off all the cattle<抢走>

(6)       The work is tough,but it is the person to carry it through.=to complete sth. successfully<顺利完成,顺利实现>

(题组训练)用与carry相关的短语填空

16、They are trying to carry ________________ a new policy.

17、What a pity!They should have carried ________________ the.good business.

18、—It's a good idea. But who's going to carry ________________ the plan?

I think Tom and Greg will

答案:16、out 17、on 18、out

七、come

(1)       How come that you didn't get here in time?<(用于引申意义)发生某情况>

(2)       He came to realize that he was mistaken.<渐渐地(表示动作逐渐变化的过程)>

(3)       My dream has come true,<变成现实>

(4)       He talked about his coming trip to the United States.<即将到来的>

(5)       How did the accident come about?<发生,造成>

(6)       I came acrosscame upon/ran acrossthis book in an old bookstore on the Fourth Avenue.<无意中碰到,找到>
He came suddenly across an idea.<
(无意中)想到>

(7)       He just asked me to come round for supper.<到这儿来>

(8)       Come along!Arthur,we can't wait all day!<快点>

(9)       Come along!Someone must know the answer to my question.<快说>

(10)   This paper comes out every Friday.<出版>

(11)   I think the roses will come out next week.<开花,发芽>

(12)   I came out first in the examination.<考试结果……;考第……一名>

(13)   The bill comes to $5.<总计>

(14)   When it comes to mathematics,I know nothing about it.<谈到,涉及>

(15)   The robbery did not come to light until the next day.<被发现,被大家知道>

(16)   The question hasn't come up yet.<被提出>

(17)   He came up with an idea.<提出>

(18)   come to oneself<苏醒过来>

(19)   come to an end<结束>

(20)   come into effectforce<生效>

(21)   come to a conclusiondecision<作出结论(决定)>

(22)   come into beingexistence<开始存在、建立、产生>

(23)   come into power<开始执政>

(题组训练)根据句意完成句子

19、I'm as good a cook as she is except when it ____________makingpastry.

我做饭做得和她一样好,就是不会做油酥馅饼。

20、The shock made her hesitate for a moment but she quickly ________________ again.

这一打击使她踌躇了片刻,但很快就又恢复正常了。

21、Can you tell me how the accident ______________ ?

你能告诉我事故是怎样发生的吗?

答案:19、comes to 20、came to herself 21、came about

八、care

(1)       I don't care what they say. I shall go on just the same.<在乎,在意>

(2)       If you care to hear it,I will tell it to you.<愿意>

(3)       Albert Einstein cared little for money. He was seen using a cheque for1500 as a bookmark.<喜欢>
Would you care for a cup of coffee?
(=Would you like...?)<(礼貌用语)你喜欢/要……吗?>

(4)       He cared about money.<喜欢>

(5)       The mother card for the sick child day and night<照顾,照料>

(6)       The professor said that he was interested only in researchhe didn't care about his students.<关心>

(7)       In this way we could give them timely medical care.<医疗护理>

九、catch

(1)       catch fire(=to start burning<着火>

(2)       catch one’s breath<缓口气,歇口气>

(3)       That car caught his eyes/attention.<引起注意>

(4)       The police caught him stealing a car.(=to discover suddenly and by surprise especially when someone is doing something bad
<
撞见,突然发现>

(5)       That style has never caught on in China.(=become popular<流行>

(6)       He was caught in the rain.(=be stuck<被困扰>
Her skirt got caught in the door.
(=be hooked<被钩住>

(7)       I suddenly caught sight of him in the crowd.<看见>

十、clear

(1)       She made it clear that she would support Australia.
<
弄清楚,查明白,明确>

(2)       After the storm the sky cleared.<晴朗起来>

(3)       The waitress will clear away these dishes in a moment.<收走>

(4)       How can we clear away,these doubts?<消除,清除>

(5)       The weather has cleared up;we can go out.<晴朗起来,开朗起来>

(6)       You'll have to clear up the things on the table before we have tea.<整理,收拾>

十一、compare

(1)       Car production rose by 25%,compared to/with the first 3 months of this year.
<
和……相比>

(2)       We know it was a small place,comparing to what it is now.<和……相比>
Compare this with that
,
and you will see which is better.
<
把……和……相比>

(3)       Shakespeare compared the world to a stage.<把……比作……>

十二、cover

(1)       They covered 12 miles yesterday.<走完(一段路程)>

(2)       How many pages have you covered?<看完(多少页书)>

(3)       The city covered ten square miles.<占据(多大面积)>

(4)       The professor's talk covered the subject.<谈到,涉及>

(5)       The mountain was covered with snow all the year round.<覆盖着……>

(6)       The best reporters were sent to cover the 27th Olympic Games.
<
报道,采访>

十三、cut

(1)      cut off<切断;切下来>

(2)      cut out<戒掉,不吃,剪出>

(3)      cut in<插嘴>

(4)       cut up<切碎>

(5)       a short cut<捷径>

(6)       They want to cut down a large forest in this area.<砍倒>

(7)       George is trying to cut his weight down.<消减,减少>

(8)       The army was called in to cut through the fallen trees on the road.
<
锯断,剪断,凿穿>

十四、deal

(1)       I'd rather deal with a man than a woman. Women are sharp.
<
和……打交道>

(2)       I'm used to dealing with matters of this sort.<处理>

(3)       This book deals with questions on politics.<论述,谈>

(4)       What shop do you deal with?<和……做买卖>

十五、die

(1)       die of<死于……(情感、饥寒、年老等原因)>,如:
die of illness/a fever/hunger/sadness
As a result
,many westerners die at an early age of heart disease.

(2)       die from<死于……(间接原因)>,如:
die from an accident/the polluted air/a bad habit

(3)       Ronny's steps had died away/down,and there was a moment of silence.
<
(指风、声、光)消逝>

(4)       The wind has died away/down again.<平息>

(5)       It is thought that between the years 1550 and 1950 an average of one kind of living thing died out each year.<灭绝,不复存在>

(6)       I'm dying for something to eat.(=have a strong desire for sth.<渴望>

(题组训练)用与die有关的短语填空

22、The wild population of koalas is in danger of _________________ .

23、Do you fancy a cup of tea? I'm _________________ thirst.

24、I am _________________ a cup of coffee.

答案:22、dying out 23、dying of 24、dying for

十六、 do

(1)       I have some difficulty in pronouncing some of the words in English.
No,you're doing fine.<(工作、学习、生活、生长等)情况(好)>

(2)       I'm happy in my work in the garden. I'm doing well.
Will it do if we let you have an answer by Friday
?

<
行,够,合适,可以,凑合>

(3)       Let's do up this room first.<整理,收拾>

(4)       They tried to do away with slavery.<废除>

(5)       Mary has done herself up for the party.<梳妆打扮>

(6)       Please do up these books and post them for Mr. Smith.<包,扎,系,捆>

(7)      do one’s hair<做头发>

(8)      do the room<打扫房间>

(9)       do the bed<铺床>

(10)   do wrong to sb.<使某人受委屈>

(11)   do business<做生意>,<做买卖>

(12)   do right<做得好>

(13)   do wrong<做错事,做坏事>

(14)   have something/nothing/anything/a lot to do with<与……有些/没有/有什么/有很大关系>

(题组训练)用与do有关的短语填空

25、________________ your buttons!

26、He has nothing ________________ the case.

27、The school has ________________ the rules.

28、I haven't enough money to buy a car,so I'll have to ________________ without it.

答案:25、Do up 26、to do with 27、done away with 28、do

十七、end

(1)       Even if none of this is true for us today,it is probable that one day we will end up with a disability.<以……告终>

(2)       If you drive your car like that,you'll end up in hospital.

(3)       <最后(有某种结局),最后(成了)>

(4)       The politician finally ended up his speech.<结束>

(5)       We ended up the dinner with fruit and coffee.<以……而结束>

(6)       The match ended in a win for us.<以……告终,结果……>

(7)       It rained for three days on end.=continuously<连续地>

(8)       We must put an end to this foolish behavior.<结束,制止>

(9)       The meeting came to an end at last.<结束>

(题组训练)用与end有关的短语填空

29、He ________________ his letter ________________ good wishes to the family.

30、The battle ________________ victory.

31、Their marriage ________________ divorce.

答案:29、endedup),with 30、ended in 31、ended in

十八、fall

(1)       We can't afford to fall behind our competitors in using the new technology.
<
我们再也不能在使用新技术方面落后于我们的竞争对手了。>

(2)       She has fallen in love with him/the dress.
<
她已经爱上他了/喜欢上了那条裙子。>

(3)       Where does the plan fall down?=fail or to be ineffective
<
失败,不起作用>

(4)       This topic falls naturally into three sections.=be divided into<被分成>

(5)       I am quite happy to fail in with you/your suggestions.
=agree with or to<赞同>

十九、fix

(1)       fixon a time for sth.<约定时间干某事>,如:
Let's fix a time for discussion.
They've fixed the time and date for the party.

(2)       fix one's eyes on<注视>,如:
He fixed his eyes on the clock.

(3)       fix one's attention on<注意>

(4)       fix supper<做饭>

(5)       fix tea<沏茶>

(6)       fix the broken machine<修理,整理>

二十、follow

(1)       You should follow the rules of the lab when you're doing experiments.<遵循,听从,依照……行事>

(2)       The child follows her mother about all day long.<跟随>

(3)       Follow this road until you get to the church.<沿着……(走)>

(4)       May follows April.<接着发生,跟着到来>

(5)       Do you follow what I'm saying?<听懂,理解>

二十一、get

(1)       The operator finally got me through.<给……接通电话>

(2)       He has got through1,000 in less than a year.<用完>

(3)       John has got through the examination.<通过>

(4)       I'll be with you as soon as I get through the work.<做完>

(5)       The story has got roundeverybody knows about it.
<
消息  传开;走动,到处旅行>

(6)       My work is getting along better now.<进展,进行>

(7)       She didn't get away until nine last night.<走开,离开>

(8)       The bank robbers used a stolen car to get away.<逃走,跑  >

(9)       Now he was dead,and I could not get away from my sadness.<摆脱>

(10)   He got down and began to pray.<跪下,弯腰>

(11)   Don't you think it's time we got down to business?<开始认真做某事>

(12)   At what time do you get offfromwork?<下班>

(13)   He used to be afraid of heights but he has got over that now.
<
克服,摆脱(某种情绪)>

二十二、give

(1)       He gave away most of his fortune to the poor.<送给,分发>

(2)       They suspected(怀疑)that the secret had been given away by one of their friends.<泄露(机密)>

(3)       I hope the holiday will give him back his good spirits.
<
恢复(健康,好情绪)>

(4)       He has given in to my views.<向……让步,投降>

(5)       The gas gave off an unpleasant smell.<散发出>

(6)       He gave his life to the study of art.<把生命献给……>

(7)       Please give my regards/greeting./love/wishes/thanks to Miss Smith.
<
代……向……问好(表示喜欢、祝愿、谢意)>

(8)       The teacher gave out the examination papers.<散发,颁发>

(9)       It was given out that the Prime Minister had died sudden1y.<宣布>

(10)   After two days our food .gave out,and we had to return to the camp.
<
被用完>

(11)   The swimmer gave out after ten laps.<体力不支,耗尽>

(12)   The cowboy gave out a yell.<发出(声音)>

(13)   I've given up smoking.<放弃,中止>

(14)   Billy kept asking his mother if he could go to the movies and she finally gave way.<妥协,屈从>

(题组训练)用与give有关的短语填空

32、Smoking is bad for your health.

Yes,I know. But I simply can't give it ________ .

33、Don't mention that at the beginning of the story,or it may give ________ the shocking ending.

34、Cheap coal gives ________ a lot of smoke.

答案:32、up 33、away 34、off

二十三、go

(1)       But if you go against nature and do things at the wrong time of year,you will have to do more work and the results will not be so good.<违背>

(2)       How is everything going?<进行,进展>
—Things are going very well.

(3)       The black hair was going grey.<变得>

(4)       That is to say,the doctor's been gone for two hours and thirteen minutes.
<
不在,走了>

(5)       The engine went well.<运转>

(6)       How does the old saying go?<怎么说的>

(7)       If you think you can solve the problem,go ahead.<开始 (做某事)>

(8)       Go ahead,we're all listening.<开始(做某事)>

(9)       Work is going ahead.<进行,进展>

(10)   May I start?
Yes,go ahead.<表同意>

(11)   News of the plane crash went around like wildlife.<传开>

(12)   Time went by quickly.<过去,经过>

(13)   Shares have gone down again by ten points.<(价格等)下跌,(温度等)下降>

(14)   She had no time to go deeply into the matter just then.<调查,了解,研究>

(15)   What is going on out there?<发生,(活动)进行>

(16)   Why not buy some English tapes and some books to go with them?
<
相配,和……交朋友>

(17)   When smokers who are used to nicotine go without it for an hour or two,they begin to feel bad.<不吃,不用>

(18)   Let me have a go at fixing it.<试一试>

(19)   My family goes back 300 years,while his family goes back to the 15th century.
<
追溯;从过去某个时候延续至今>

(20)   He always likes to go back to his younger days.<回顾>

(21)   Go over your work before you hand it in.<仔细检查,反复研究,仔细琢磨>

(22)   He doesn't go in for team games.<对某事感兴趣,爱好>

(23)   go out<出去,出国;(灯火)熄灭;(衣着式样等)不时兴>

(题组训练)用与go有关的短语填空:

35、Nobody noticed the thief slip into the house because the lights happened to go ________________ .

36、lf you had gone ________________ your test paper carefully before handing it in,you would have made fewer mistakes.

37、As time goes ________________ ,my memory seems to get worse.

答案:35、out 36、over 37、by/on

二十四、hand

(1)       When he writes,he always keeps a dictionary at hand.<在手边,在跟前>

(2)       The examinations are at hand.<就要到来了,不远了>

(3)       My shoes were made by hand.<手工做的>

(4)       Could you give me a hand with this parcel?<帮一下忙>

(5)       This custom has been handed down since the 18th century.<传下来,传给>

(6)       The teacher handed out the books at the beginning of the lesson.<发,散发>

(7)       The thief was handed over to the police.<移交>

(8)       ontheone hand...,on the otherhand<一方面……,另一方面>

(9)       hand in<上交>

(题组训练)用适当的介词填空

38、I am resigning as chairman and handing ________________ to my deputy.

39、Don't worry,for help is ________________ hand!

40、He was handing ________________ leaflets(传单)to members of the audience.

答案:38、over 39、at 40、out

二十五、hold

(1)       She held back,not knowing what to do or say.<犹豫不决>

(2)       Don't hold anything back,you must tell me everything.<隐瞒,不公布>

(3)       If they hadn't held him back,he would have beaten you.<阻碍,阻止>

(4)       I made my choice and I will hold on to the end.<坚持(下去)>

(5)       You should hold on to your oil share.<不送或不卖(某物)>

(6)       He asked me to hold on while he left the telephone to find a pencil.
<
别挂(电话)>

(7)       Could he hold out in spite of the difficulty?
<
坚持(抵抗),顶。ㄑ沽Γ>

(8)       The pupil held up his hand to ask the teacher a question.<举起>

(9)       hold office<任职>

(10)   hold one's position<担任某个职位>

(11)   hold an opinion idea<持有某个看法、观点>

(12)   They held their heads up and walked into the hall.<趾高气扬>

(13)   Please hold yourself still while I am taking your photograph.<保持不动>

(14)   He held a cigarette between his lips.<使某人或某物处于某种状态或位置>

(15)   A lot of cars were held up in the accident,<使耽搁,使停顿>

(题组训练)用与hold有关的短语填空

41、We thought of selling this old furniture,but we've decided to hold ________________ it. It might be valuable.

42、The dam was not strong enough to hold ________________ the floodwaters.

43、I missed the lecture because my car was held ________________ in the traffic jam.

44、Tell me all about itdon't hold anything ________________ !

答案:41、on to 42、back 43、up 44、back

二十六、keep

(1)       He keeps away from liquor and tobacco.<不沾,避开,不接近>

(2)       The Englishman will move back in order to keep a certain distance away.
<
保持一定距离>

(3)       He may be telling the truth but he is keeping something back.
<
隐瞒(没讲)>

(4)       Finally,he did not give her the right change,but kept back five pounds.
<
扣留>

(5)       You have to be home by I1 o'clock. Keep that in mind,Bob.<记在心里>

(6)       Keep off the grass.<勿踩,勿踏>

(7)       He didn't stop running. He just kept on.<继续(干),坚持(干)>

(8)       Keep on until you reach the traffic lights.<继续前进>

(9)       The coat should keep out the cold.<挡住,使……进不去>

(10)   They have shut the door and meant to keep us out.<不要进来>

(11)   You should keep out of these things.<不牵扯进去>

(12)   I hope such fine weather will keep up.<继续(下去),持续(下去)>

(13)   We've kept up our friendship for over twenty years now.<保持>

(14)   The good news keeps up our spirits.<保持(情绪)高昂>

(15)   I can't keep up with all the changes.<跟上,(与……)并驾齐驱>

(16)   I hope the rain keeps off.<(雨雪)暂时不停>

(题组训练)单项填空

45、Would you slow down a bit,please? I can't ________________ you.

A. keep up with B. put up with C. make up to D. hold on to

46、—Mummy,can I put the peaches in the cupboard?

No dear. They don't ________________ well. Put them in the fridge instead.

A. keep B. fit C. get D. last

答案:45、A46、A

二十七、join

(1)       to join an island to the mainland by a bridge<把……和……连接起来>

(2)       The new railway joins our town to the big city.<把……和……连接起来>

(3)       The girl,Mary,joined in the conversation.<参加(某活动)>

(4)       Will you join us in a walk?<和……一起做某事>

(5)       The electrician joined up the wires.<把……连接起来>

二十八、connect

(1)       connect with/to<把……连接起来;和……相连>
Connect this wire to that one.
The Suez Canal connects Africa with Asia.

(2)       He has been connected with the company since 1984.<和……联系>

(3)       The early bus from the village connects with the 830train.
<
(车、船等在时间上)衔接>

(题组训练)用joinconnect的适当形式完成下列句子

47、They all ________________ in singing the Christmas carols.

48、The 900am train from London ________ with the 1205 p.m. from Crewe.

49、Two extra carriages were ________________ onto the train on at York.

答案:47、joined 48、connects 49、joined

二十九、look

(1)       As,look back upon those years,I am struck by Annie's wisdom.<回顾,回想>

(2)       I've been looking into this matter this afternoon.<调查>

(3)       Two men were fighting. The rest were looking on.<旁观>

(4)       When you're eating fish,look out for bones.<当心,小心>

(5)       We've been looking out for a new house,but the ones we've seen are all too expensive.<留心找某物>

(6)       Look up the word in the dictionary<查寻,查找>

(7)       I want to look my uncle up sometime.<看望,拜访>

(8)       She looked through her notes before the examination.<浏览>

(题组训练)用与look相关的短语填空

50、A Working Party has been set up to look ________________ the problem.

51、Look ________________ pickpockets.

52、If you want to know how a word is used,look the word ________________ in the Advanced Learner's Dictionary.

答案:50、into 51、out for 52、up

三十、make

(1)       make good use of/make full use of/make the most of/make the best of
<
充分利用>

(2)       We should make use of water to produce electricity.

(3)       He had a gift for thinking up ways of making political points.
<
提出政治观点>

(4)       Both husband and wife had to work to make ends meet.<使收支相抵>

(5)       After years as an unsuccessful businessman,he's finally made it.<成功>

(6)       Can you make out what that object is on the other side of the valley?
<
弄清楚,看出>

(7)       It isn't difficult to make out his ideas.<理解,明白>

(8)       The explanation in the school book makes no sense,because the words are hard.
<
讲不通,没意义,不能被理解>

(9)       Can you make sense of what he says?<理解>

(10)   The teacher asked the children to make up a story about a trip to the moon.
<
编,创造>

(11)   Mary had to make up for the time she missed in school when she was sick,by studying very hard.<弥补>

(12)   The actors were making up when we arrived.<打扮>

(13)   The team is made up of nine players.<由……组成>

(14)   Is that the right time? I made it later.<估计>

(15)   He's making three hundred a year.<赚得,赢得>

(16)   He'll make a good lawyer.<(有条件)成为>

(17)   I think I could make it 830 if that's all right for you.<定在(某时间)>

(题组训练)用与make相关的短语填空

53、The idea puzzled me so much that I stopped for a few seconds to try to make it ________________ .

54、She spent an hour making herself ________________ before the party.

55、Hard work can make ________________ a lack of intelligence.

56、It's my first holiday for two years so I'm going to make ________________ of it.

答案:53、out 54、up 55、up for 56、the most/the best

三十一、mean

(1)       Smoke usually means fire:<意味着>

(2)       Your friendship means a great deal to me.<有意义,有价值>

(3)       But I don't believe he means any harm.<有……意图>

(4)       His parents meant him for a teacher.<打算让某人成为……>

(5)       This picture is meant for me.<打算给(谁)>

(6)       This room was meant for the workers' reading room.<打算(做什么用)>

(7)       What do you mean by coming here this morning?<你……是什么意思?>

(题组训练)单项填空

57、—Why haven't you bought any butter?

I ________________ to,but I forgot about it.

A .liked B.wished C. meant D. expected

答案:57、C

三十二、meet

(1)       It takes 80 years for Mediterranean water to be changed with Atlantic water,as there is one narrow entrance where the Mediterranean meets the Atlantic.
<
与……汇合>

(2)       The house stands where three roads meet.<汇合>

(3)       In order to meet his expenses,he had to do extra work at night.<满足>

(4)       To join the army,one must meet certain physical standards.<符合(要求)>

(5)       A policeman could meet danger any minute of his working day.<碰到,遭到>

(6)       In the woods,he met with two strangers.<遇见,碰到>

三十三、operate

(1)       The lift was not operating properly.<(机器)开动,(工厂)开工>

(2)       The company operates two factories.<开动(机器),管理。üこВ>

(3)       The medicine operated quickly.<起作用(Vi.>

(4)       He operated on the baby's throat and saved its life.
<
给……动手术>

三十四、pay

(1)       Perhaps I shall pay a visit to England this winter.<参观>

(2)       It's high time、paid me back the100 he owes me.<偿还>

(3)       How much did you pay for the book?<为……而付款>

(4)       I'll pay off my debt with this check.<还清>

(5)       Did your plan pay off?<成功,得到回报>

(6)       It pays to invest in protective clothing.<收益,得到好处>

(题组训练)用与pay相关的短语填空

58、Teamwork pays ________________ .

59、I'll pay Jenny ________________ for what she did to me!

答案:58、off 59、back

三十五、pick

(1)       She picked up the little book and gave it to him.<拾起>

(2)       He has picked up some bad habits at that club.<沾染>

(3)       He picked up French while he was staying in Paris.<(非正式)学到>

(4)       Pick me up at the hotel.<接(人)>

(5)       This room must be picked up before the guests arrive.<整理、收拾>

(6)       The class picked up the story where they had left it.<继续讲(故事)>

(7)       We picked up the radio signals on our receiver.<接收>

(8)       Have you picked out the movie you want to see?<挑选>

(9)       Can you pick out your brother in the crowd?<认出>

(题组训练)汉译英

60、他把熟得最透的桃挑了出来。 ________________

61、一到春天市场就活跃了。 ________________

62、7点钟我开车来接你。 ________________

答案:60、He picked out the ripest peach.61、The market always picks up in the spring.62、 I’ll pick you up at 7 o'clock.

三十六、put

(1)       John puts ten dollars aside every week.<存储,留下>

(2)       He put aside his