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完型填空专项训练50篇附详解
来源:本站原创 作者:佚名 发布时间:2014/5/6

Different things usually stand for different feelings. Red, for example, is the color of fire, heat, blood and life. People say red is an exciting and active color. They associate(使发生联系) red with a strong feeling like   1  . Red is used for signs of   2  , such as STOP signs and fire engines. Orange is the bright, warm color of   3   in autumn. People say orange is a   4   color. They associate orange with happiness. Yellow is the color of __5__. People say it is a cheerful color. They associate yellow too, with happiness. Green is the cool color of grass in __6__. People say it is a refreshing color. In general, people __7__ two groups of colors: warm colors and cool colors. The warm colors are red, orange and __8__. Where there are warm color and a lot of light, people usually want to be __9__. Those who like to be with __10 _ like red. The cool colors are __11_  and blue. Where are these colors, people are usually worried. Some scientists say that time seems to __12 _ more slowly in a room with warm colors. They suggest that a warm color is a good __13_  for a living room or a __14_ . People who are having a rest or are eating do not want time to pass quickly. __15   colors are better for some offices if the people working there want time to pass quickly.

1. A. sadness        B. anger        C. administration   D. smile

2. A. roads               B. ways       C. danger            D. places

3. A. land                    B. leaves      C. grass                      D. mountains

4. A. lively                B. dark         C. noisy                      D. frightening

5. A. moonlight  B. light          C. sunlight           D. stars

6. A. summer      B. spring       C. autumn             D. winter

7. A. speak               B. say           C. talk about              D. tell

8. A. green           B. yellow      C. white                     D. gray

9. A. calm           B. sleepy      C. active              D. helpful

10. A. the other         B. another    C. other one               D. others

11. A. black          B. green              C. golden            D. yellow

12. A. go round   B. go by              C. go off              D. go along

13. A. one          B. way         C. fact                 D. matter

14. A. factory          B. classroom       C. restaurant               D. hospital

15. A. Different         B. Cool               C. Warm             D. All

名师点评

不同颜色往往可以代表不同的心情。根据不同颜色的特点以及给人留下的感觉,颜色的选择在日常生活中往往也起着一定的作用。本文以其中的一些颜色为例作了相关的解释说明,是一篇知识性很强的文章。

答案简析

1B。根据上文的strong feeling可知anger最合乎文意。

2C。下文所列举的例子STOP signs fire engines都属于危险信号,故选择danger。

3B。根据常识,黄色应是秋天树叶的颜色,故应选leaves。

4A。下文提到人们把黄色和幸福联系起来,说明黄色是一个充满生机的颜色,故选lively。

5C。下文提到黄色是令人愉快的颜色,根据常识太阳光的颜色是黄色,故选sunlight。

6B。绿色是春季里草的颜色,故选spring。

7C。speak后面往往接某种语言作宾语;say后面常接说话的内容;tell的宾语一般是人;talk about sth.意为谈论某事物。故C为正确选项。

8B。根据上文对yellow的解释。说明yellow也属于warm color。

9C。与下文喜欢冷色调的人对应,再根据上文对各种暖色调的选择,active合乎文意为正确选项。

10D。others相当于other people意为别的人。another另一个。other one不可单独使用,the other one另外的一个。

11A。四个选项中只有black可归纳到冷色调当中去。

12B。go around意为到处走动;go off 意为离开,爆炸;go along意为前进,进行;go by意为走过,流逝。根据文意,应选go by。

13B。way根据上文,暖色调的环境下时间似乎过得更慢,说明暖色调是用来装饰居室和饭馆的好方法,故选择way。

14C。比较四个场所只有饭馆适合使用暖色调。

15B。与暖色调相对立,冷色调适用于办公室,以使人感觉时间过得比较快。

2

Charlie came from a poor village. His parents had __1__ money to send him to school when he was young. The boy was very sad. Mr. King lived next to him. He found the boy __2__ and had pity on him and lent some money to him. So the boy could go to school. He studied hard and __3__ all his lessons. When he finished middle school, the man introduced him to his friend in the town. And he began to work.

Once Mr. King was seriously hurt in an accident. Dying, he asked Charlie to take care of his daughter, Sharon. The young man __4__ and several years later he married the girl. He loved her very much and tried his best to make her happy. He often bought beautiful clothes and delicious food for her. He was good at cooking and he cooked __5__ for her. So she became very fat and she felt it difficult to walk. And one day she found there was something wrong with her heart. Her husband wasn’t at home and she had to go to __6__ at once. The doctors looked her over and told her __7__ eat meat, sugar, chocolate and things like these. She was afraid __8__ the doctor’s words and wrote all the names of the food on the paper. When she got home, she put the list on the table and __9__. When she returned home that afternoon, she found many kinds of food: meat, sugar and chocolate in the kitchen. Charlie was busy __10__ there. As soon as he saw her, he said happily, “I’ve bought all the food you like, dear!”

1. A. no                B. some         C. much               D. enough

2. A. lazy                     B. clever        C. careful                    D. hard

3. A. did well in    B. was poor at      C. was working    D. was good for

4. A. was angry    B. thought hard     C. agreed             D. said “No.”

5. A. a little           B. a few        C. many               D. a lot

6. A. rest             B. sleep         C. hospital            D. work

7. A. should         B. would              C. to                   D. not to

8. A. to remember       B. to forget    C. to catch           D. to teach

9. A. slept             B. went out    C. cooked            D. ate

10. A. reading              B. seeing              C. cooking           D. writing

名师点评

本文讲述了查理为报先生生前对自己的大恩大德,在娶了先生女儿为妻之后精心照料她,却导致妻子营养过剩而患病去医院检查。医生列出她不能吃的食物,深爱妻子的查理不明情况,反而照单为妻子买了上面的各种食物。

答案简析

1. A。查理家境贫困,父母没有钱资助他上学,故选no。

2. B。根据下文,查理不负众望,说明他聪明好学,故选clever。

3. A。查理学习刻苦,并顺利完成了学业,说明他各门功课成绩较好,故选did well in。D选项介词用错,正确词组为was good at。

4. C。根据下文查理娶了金先生女儿为妻并精心呵护她,说明查理同意了金先生的请求,故选agreed。

5. D。根据下文妻子胖得不能走路,说明她食物吃得多。此外食物为不可数名词,因此只能用a lot of来修饰。

6. C。心脏不好,应去医院检查,下文指出为她检查的正是医生,故选hospital。

7. D。由于她的病是因营养过剩引起的,医生应让她不要吃肉,糖果之类的食物,故选not to。

8. B。她害怕忘了医生的指示,因此将其写在纸上,故选to forget。

9. B。与下文相对应,这里应填went out。

10. C。擅长烹饪的查理将菜买回之后,肯定要忙着为爱妻做饭,故cooking为正确答案。

3

Why do I want to go to college? No one has ever asked me __1 _ a question. But many times I have asked myself. I have __2__ a whole variety of reasons. __3__ important reason is that I want to be a better man.

Many things make human beings different __4__ or better than or even superior to animals.

One of the most important things is __5__ . If I fail to receive higher education, my education __6__. As I want to be a fully __7__ man, I must get a well-rounded education, which good colleges and universities are supposed to __8__. I know one can get educated in many ways, but colleges and universities are __9__ the best places to teach me how to educate myself. Only when I am well-educated, will I be a better human being and __10__ fit into society.

1. A. quite            B. so             C. such                 D. another

2. A. come up with      B. agreed with      C. been fed up with     D. got on well with

3. A. Most           B. The most   C. More               D. Much

4. A. to                 B. around             C. between           D. from

5. A. education            B. weather     C. temperature            D. science

6. A. finished        B. don’t finish       C. will not finish    D. has finished

7. A. develop        B. developed C. developing              D. experience

8. A. improve              B. graduate    C. hear                 D. provide

9. A. between              B. among              C. inside               D. outside

10. A. can good    B. may better C. be able to better      D. be able to best

名师点评

本文主要围绕我为什么要上大学?这一话题展开讨论,首先介绍了教育对人发展的重要性,然后说明大学在教育中的地位,从而层次分明地解释了上大学的原因。

答案简析

1. C。such常用在不定冠词或名词前修饰可数名词或不可数名词,表示此类的、这种的,故such为正确选项。

2. A。come up with意为提出、找出;agree with意为同意;be fed up with意为……厌倦;get on well with意为……相处得好。根据文意A为正确选项。

3. B。上文讲到我曾找到过各种各样的原因,其中最重要的原因应当是……,因此这里应用important的最高级,故选the most。

4. D。固定结构be different from 表示不同于……。

5. A。本段着重说明了教育在人的发展中的作用,以及大学在教育中的地位。作为总括句,本空应填education。

6. C。这是一个含有条件状语从句的复合句,意为如果我不能受到更高等的教育,我就无法完成我的学业,故选will not finish为正确选择。

7. B。这里只能选可作定语的选项。过去分词developed表示成熟的,为正确选项。

8. D。大学应是提供高等教育的地方, provide符合文意为正确选项。

9. B。介词among可表示包括……在内为正确选项。

10. C。与前半句相对应,这里仍应用比较级,而may better意思不对,因此be able to better为正确选项。

4

Farley worked for the Canadian government. One day, he was __1__ to learn more about wolves. Do wolves kill lots of caribou(北美驯鹿)? Do they kill people?

They gave him lots of food and clothes and guns. Then they put him on a plane and took him to __2__. The plane put him down and went away. There were no houses or people in this place. But there were lots of animals and lots of wolves.

People tell terrible stories about wolves. They say wolves like to kill and eat people. Farley remembered these stories, and he was __3__. He had his gun with him__4_.

Then one day, he saw a group of wolves. There was a mother wolf with four baby wolves. A father wolf and another young wolf lived with them.

Farley watched these wolves every day. The mother was a very __5__ mother. She gave milk to her babies. She gave them lessons about life. They learned how to __6__ food. The father wolf got food for the mother. The young wolf __7__ the children. They were a nice, happy family—wolf family! Farley did not need his __8__ any more. In a short time, he got on well with the family. Farley watched them for five months. He learned that many stories about the wolves were __9__. Wolves do not eat people, and they do not eat many large animals. And he also learned bad things about men. It was men who killed many caribou and wolves.

Later, Farley wrote a book about wolves. He wanted people to __10__ them and not to kill them.

1. A. seen                    B. told           C. heard               D. found

2. A. a small town B. a big city   C. a far place        D. a lonely village

3. A. afraid          B. happy              C. angry               D. tired

4. A. at times      B. all the time C. once a week         D. every afternoon

5. A. bad            B. good       C. hungry           D. thirsty

6. A. cook          B. make      C. get                   D. pick

7. A. shouted at    B. looked into       C. laughed at              D. played with

8. A. food           B. clothes    C. gun                       D. plane

9. A. not good    B. not true  C. not easy                D. not clear

10. A. grow           B. have        C. teach                  D. understand

名师点评

狼历来被世人视为凶残的动物,事实是否的确如此呢?带着这一疑问,Farley进行了实地考察,在和狼进行了零距离的接触后, 改变了自己的观点。本文告诉我们要学会根据事实说话。

答案简析

1. B。Farley是政府工作人员。从上下文得知, 他是被派去进行调查和研究狼的习性的,故选told。

2.      C。根据下文飞机把Farley送到了一个没有房屋和人的地方, 说明了这个地方不可能是城市,小镇和村庄故a far place为正确答案。

3.      A。狼吃人的恐怖故事给孤身一人的Farley带来的应是afraid。

4.      B。因为Farley害怕, 所以枪应始终不能离身。all the time意为一直、始终。

5.      B。根据下文的描述,狼妈妈给孩子们喂奶,对孩子们进行训练,可见是一位好妈妈,故选good。

6.      C。狼只能猎取食物, 而不能烧食物, 生产食物。get合乎文意,为正确答案。

7.      D。shout at意为……大声叫喊;look into意为调查、观察;laugh at意为嘲笑……”。这三个词组都不符文意。play with意为……一起玩耍,合文意为正确答案。

8.      C。the nice happy wolf familyFarley不再害怕,因此也就不再需要枪了,故选择gun.。

9.      B。因为他的亲身体验与他所听到的相违背,说明以前关于狼的说法是不对的, 故选not true。

10. D。understand意为了解合乎文意,为正确答案。

5

Many people think that Americans   1   their cars almost more than anything else. When   2__ people are fourteen years old, they want to have their __3_  cars. They don’t ask for a car from their   4__. So many of them work in  _5_  time during their last year of high school to buy a car. Learning to   6 _ and getting a driver’s license may be one of the most exciting things in a young person’s life.

Some people almost   7 _ go to a doctor when they are ill. But they will __8_  their cars to a garage as soon as they think there is a   9  . On Saturdays or Sundays some people may   10   most of their time washing and repairing their cars.

1. A. prefer           B. love          C. drive         D. play

2. A. little                     B. big          C. old        D. young

3. A. new                    B. own       C. expensive        D. cheap

4. A, friends          B. teachers   C. parents  D. brothers

5. A. free                     B. busy          C. study     D. good

6. A. make           B. mend        C. wash       D. drive

7. A. always         B. never        C. often      D. usually

8. A. take                    B. carry         C. pull     D. lift

9. A. question              B. wrong              C. mistake  D. problem

10. A. cost           B. get            C. spend          D. use

名师点评

本文介绍了美国人尤其是年轻人对于轿车的厚爱,并列举了一些事例加以说明。让人们看到了一个发达国家的富裕和人民生活的繁荣。

答案简析

1. B。通过下文的事例不难看出美国人对汽车不是一般的喜欢,故用love it,较贴近文章的意思。

2. D。按常识,十四五岁的人应称为年轻人,故应说young。

3. B。根据下文他们不想通过索要来获取别人的小轿车,而是想拥有自己的小汽车,故选own。

4. C。如果说想要索要小汽车的话,那只有先从父母亲那儿开始了,故应选parents。

5. A。十四五岁的年轻人大多在上学,所以工作占用的应是上学期间的空隙,故应选free。

6. D。要想获得驾照得先学开车,故应选drive。

7. B。与下文车子一有问题就去修理相对应,有些人病了却从不看医生,故应选never。

8. A。carry应为搬运,push ,lift 意思为举,提起都不合文意,take sth. to 某地,意为……带到……”。

9. D。只能选择一个名词, 表示汽车的故障,毛病”, 故选problem。

10. C。spend some time doing sth.为一个固定搭配,意为花时间干某事。

6

Who designed (设计) the first helicopter (直升飞机)? Who __1__ of the most famous pictures in the world? Who knew more about the human body than most __2__? There is an answer __3__ all these  questions --- Leonardo de Vinci (达芬奇).

Leonardo may have been the greatest genius (天才) __4__ have ever known. He lived in Italy around the year 1500, but many of his inventions seem modern to us today. For example, one of his notebooks has drawings of a helicopter. Of course, he couldn’t __5__ a helicopter with the things he had. But scientists say his idea would have worked.

But Leonardo __6__ an inventor. He was one of the greatest artists of his day. By the time he was twenty years old, he was called a master ( 大师) painter, and as he got older he became __7__ more famous. Sometimes he drew a hand ten different ways __8__ he was ready to paint.

Many of Leonardo’s wonderful paintings are still with __9__ today. You may know one of his most famous works the __10__ woman known as the Mona Lisa.

1. A. took                    B. made        C. painted            D. invented

2. A. artists           B. doctors  C. painters           D. people

3. A. to                 B. of             C. for                D. from

4. A. the scientists B. the artists  C. the world         D. people

5. A. draw          B. paint      C. work               D. build

6. A. was just              B. wasn’t just       C. wasn’t                    D. was no longer

7. A. less             B. no             C. even                      D. very

8. A. before         B. after          C. because          D. when

9. A. him                     B. us             C. them                D. you

10. A. interesting   B. crying        C. smiling             D. surprising

名师点评

本文介绍了堪称世界上最伟大的天才——芬奇在发明、艺术等方面为人类所作的巨大贡献,文章层次分明,通俗易懂。

答案简析

1C。为了引出话题人物━━芬奇,这里引用了设问手法,问题应表示是谁画了世界上最著名的画,故选择动词painted。

2B。对人体比较了解的莫过于医生了,将达芬奇与医生相比才能显示其对人体的精通。故选择doctors。

3A。介词to常表示一一对应的关系,问题的答案习惯表达为an answer to a question。

4D。达芬奇应是世人所知道的天才中最伟大的人,the world 一般指每个人,相当于第三人称单数,故people为正确选项。

5D。drawpaint不合文意, work为不及物动词,不能直接接宾语。在那个时代,达芬奇所不能做的应是制造飞机,故选择build。

6B。这一句起承上启下的作用,意为芬奇不仅仅是一名发明家,故选择 wasn’t just。

7C。lessno不合文章,very不能用来修饰比较级,而even常用来修饰比较级,意为甚至更……,故为正确选项。

8A。为了使自己的画达到最高境界,应在画这幅画之前去尝试不同的画法,所以应选before。

9B。达芬奇的画今天依然保存在世,为本文作者以及读者所共享,所以应选us。

10C。达芬奇的名作━━Mona Lisa以画中人物面部神秘的微笑而名扬天下,故选smiling。

7

Once, a king showed two men a large basket in the garden. He told them to fill it with water from a well. After they __1__ their work, he left them, saying, “When the sun is down, I will come and see your work.”

At last one of them said, “What’s the use of doing this foolish work? We can __2__ fill the basket.” __3__ man answered, “That is none of your business.” The first man said. “You may do as you like, but I am not going to work at __4__ so foolish.” He __5__ his bucket and went away. The other man said no word, and kept on carrying __6__. At last the well was almost __7__.

As he poured the last bucket of water into the basket, he saw a bright thing in it. He picked it up. It was a beautiful gold ring. Just then the king came. __8__ he saw the ring, he knew that he had found the kind of man he wanted. He told him to keep the ring for himself. “You __9__ so well in this little thing,” he said, “ __10__ now I know I can believe you with many things.”

1. A. finished        B. did            C. began              D. had

2. A. ever                    B. never        C. easily        D. no

3. A. The other            B. Another     C. One          D. A second

4. A. anything      B. something  C. nothing     D. everything

5. A. picked up     B. put away   C. took away       D. threw away

6. A. water           B. basket              C. well          D. work

7. A. full               B. empty              C. filled         D. clean

8. A. While           B. As soon as       C. Before             D. Since

9. A. have done    B. will do              C. do            D. are doing

10. A. what          B. why          C. when        D. that

名师点评

本文讲述了一个国王为了考验两个人,让他们往篮子里打水,忠诚的人不遗余力地往空篮子里打水,直到国王归来。结果不仅获得了一枚金戒指,而且得到了国王的信任。

答案简析

1C。这里didfinished都表示完成了这项工作,而给篮子装满水是不可能,国王应在两人开始打水后不久离开,所以应选began。

2B。往篮子里盛满水是永远不可能的,故选择never。

3A。两者中的另一个用the other加名词来表示。

4C。the first man想离开,因为他觉得自己干的是无用功,故选择nothing意为从事某项工作。

5D。pick up意为捡起,pick away意为放好,take away意为取走,而throw down意为扔掉、丢弃,比较贴近文意,为正确选项。

6A。根据文意,另一个人一直在打水,故选water。

7B。不停地打水必然会导致井空,故选empty。

8B。while引导从句时,从句应用延续性动词,beforesince不符合文意,as soon as…表示……为正确选项。

9A。国王是因为这个诚实的人所做过的事情而表扬他,所以应用完成时态have done。

10D。国王讲的最后一句话是含有 “so……that”结构的复合句,意为如此……以致故选that。

8

Food is very important. Everyone needs to __1__ well if he or she wants to have a strong body. Our minds also need a kind of food. This kind of food is __2__. We begin to get knowledge even __3__ we are very young. Small children are __4__ in everything around them. They learn __5__ while they are watching and listening. When they are getting older, they begin to __6__ story books, science books…, anything they like. When they find something new, they love to ask questions and __7__ to find out answers. What is the best __8__ to get knowledge? If we learn by ourselves, we will get __9__ knowledge. If we are __10__ getting answers from others and do not ask why, we will never learn well. When we study in the right way, we will learn more and understand better.

1. A. sleep            B. read          C. drink         D. eat

2. A. sport            B. exercise    C. knowledge       D. meat

3. A. until                     B. when         C. after          D. so

4. A. interested    B. interesting  C. weak        D. better

5. A. everything    B. something  C. nothing      D. anything

6. A. lend                    B. read          C. learn         D. write

7. A. try                B. have          C. refuse              D. wait

8. A. place            B. school              C. way          D. road

9. A. little                     B. few           C. many        D. the most

10. A. often          B. always             C. usually      D. something

名师点评

本文说明了知识的重要性,介绍了一个人学习知识的过程以及获取知识的最佳途径,是一篇可读性较强的文章。

答案简析

1D。本句承接上文,进一步强调食物的重要性,要有强壮的体魄得吃得好,故选eat。

2C。根据下文,大脑所需要的食物应为knowledge。

3B。按常理一个人在小的时候就开始学习了,所以应用when引导这里的时间状语从句。

4A。小孩对知识的接受主要依靠于他们对事物产生的兴趣,词组be interested in sth 表示……感兴趣,而interesting用来形容令人感兴趣的事物,故选择interested。

5B。孩子们在耳听眼观的过程中经;嵫У揭恍┒。everything过于绝对化 ,nothing、anything 不合文意,应选 something。

6B。随着年龄的增长,孩子们开始read各类书籍而不是write,learn在这里搭配不当。

7A。孩子们在学习过程中发现问题时,由于求知的欲望,应尽力去解决问题,故选择try。

8C。本段主要就学习方法展开讨论,该句应为总括句,空白处当然应填入ways。

9D。与后面的方法比起来,作者认为独立自主的学习为最佳方法,最佳方法当然应使人获得最多的知识,故选择the most。

10B。be always doing sth 意为总是干某事。

9

Someone says, “Time is money.” But I think time is __1__ important than money. Why? Because when money is spent, we can get it back. However, when time is   2   it’ll never   3  . That’s   4   we mustn’t waste time.

  It goes without saying that the   5   is usually limited. Even a second is very important. We should make full use of our time to do   6__    useful.

  But it is a pity that there are a lot of people who do not know the importance of time. They spent their limited time smoking, drinking and   __7  . They do not know that wasting time means wasting part of their own __8  .

  In a word, we should save time. We shouldn’t   9   today’s work for tomorrow. Remember we have no time to   10  .

1. A. much            B. less           C. much less         D. even more

2. A. cost                    B. bought             C. gone                D. finished

3. A. return           B. carry         C. take                 D. bring

4. A. what            B. that           C. because           D. why

5. A. money          B. time          C. day                  D. food

6. A. nothing         B. something  C. anything           D. everything

7. A. reading         B. writing       C. playing             D. working

8. A. time                    B. food          C. money                    D. life

9. A. stop                    B. leave         C. let                    D. give

10. A. lose            B. save          C. spend                     D. take

名师点评

文章讲述了时间的重要性。金钱用完了可以再来,但时间却是一去不复返。告诫我们要珍惜时间,不能虚度年华。

答案简析

1D。该句中多音节形容词important的比较级应是 more important ,用even来修饰比较级,故选 even more important。

2C。这里表示时间流逝,故选gone。

3A。时间流逝就不会再回来,根据文意应选return。

4D。上文解释了我们为什么不能浪费时间,承接上文应用why。

5B。时间的流逝悄无声息,故应选 time。

6B。根据文意可知,我们应珍惜时间,做一些有用的事情,故选something。

7C。该句列举了一些人浪费时间的例子,四个选项中只有playing能和smoking, drinking 相提并论,故选playing。

8D。根据文意,浪费时间就是浪费自己的生命,故选life。

9B。leave意为留下,剩下。根据文意,我们不能把今天的事留到明天做,故选 leave。

10A。这里表示浪费时间,故选lose。

10

Nasreddin was a poor man, so he tried to grow __1__ he could in his own garden, so that he would not have to buy so many in the market.

One evening he heard a noise in his garden and looked out of the window. A white ox had got into the garden and __2__ his vegetables. Nasreddin at once took his stick, ran out and chased the ox, but he was too old to catch it. When he got back to his garden, he found that the ox had ruined most of his precious vegetables.

__3__, while he __4__ in the street near his house, he saw a cart with two white oxen which looked very much like the one that __5__ his vegetables. He was carrying his stick with him, __6__ he at once began to beat the two oxen with it. As neither of them looked more like the ox that had eaten his vegetables than the other, he beat both of them equally hard.

The owner of the ox and cart was drinking coffee in a __7__ coffee-house. When he saw __8__ Nasreddin was doing __9__ his animals, he ran out and shouted, “What are you doing? What have those poor animals done to you for you to beat them like that?”

“You keep out this!” Nasreddin shouted back, “This is a matter between me and one of these two oxen. He knows very well __10__ I am beating him!”

1. A. so many vegetables                  B. many vegetables     

C. as many as vegetables              D. as many vegetables as

2. A. was eating    B. ate            C. had eaten         D. has eaten

3. A. Next day                                  B. Next morning

C. Last morning                            D. The next morning

4. A. walks           B. waked             C. was walking     D. walking

5. A. ruined          B. had eaten  C. ate                   D. had ruin

6. A. so                B. and           C. but                   D. or

7. A. beside          B. nearby             C. near                 D. near by

8. A. that                     B. which        C. why                 D. what

9. A. for               B. to                     C. with                 D. on

10.A. reason        B. when         C. why                 D. because

名师点评

这是一个笑话,贫农Nasreddin在街上碰到两头牛,搞不清是哪一头毁坏了他家的菜园,于是用棒子将两头牛一起抽打,牛主人制止时,他却强词夺理,无理取闹。

答案简析

1D。习惯用语as many as possible 意为尽可能多的合乎文意,为正确选项。

2A。过去进行时强调过去正在进行的动作,根据文意Nasreddin看到牛正在吃蔬菜,故选 was eating 。

3D。指过去某一天的第一天或第二天早上、晚上,应用the next day/morning/evening。 故应选The next morning 。

4C。在从句动作进行的过程中,主句动作发生了,这时从句常用进行时态,故选择was walking 。

5B。牛吃蔬菜是贫农上街之前的事,文章本身讲的是过去的故事,指过去的过去应用过去完成时,故选had eaten。

6A。从句子意思看,空白处前后构成因果关系,故选择so。

7B。形容词nearby一般作定语,表示不远的,附近的,合乎文意,为正确选项。

8D。这里需要一个引导词,引导saw的宾语从句,同时在句子里作do的宾语,故选 what。

9B。do sth. to sb.结构中to后面常接动作的对象。

10C。牛主人问及Nasreddin打牛的原因,这里需要一个引导词引导 knew的宾语从句,且在从句中作状语,根据上文可知这里应填 why。

11

Tom grows the nicest vegetables and fruits and the most beautiful flowers in the village. Plants grow in Tom’s garden all through the __1__ and they are much __2__.

Tom cuts some flowers for his sitting room table, eats some fruits and vegetables, but he __3__ most of them in the market. His vegetables, fruit and flowers are so __4__ and beautiful that they sold much more __5__ in the market than those of other villagers.

How does Tom grow these beautiful things? He is so __6__ that he just sits under his orange tree with his radio.

He __7__ the music all day.

That is quite true. Tom __8__ things in spring, summer, autumn and winter. After that he sits with his radio. And everything __9__. It is the music that does the work. Tom knows more clearly that music makes the biggest vegetables and the most beautiful flowers. Plants love __10__ as much as people.

1. A. week           B. month              C. season             D. year

2. A. better           B. worse              C. less           D. later

3. A. buys             B. sells          C. borrows    D. lends

4. A. dear                    B. bad           C. big            D. small

5. A. politely         B. quickly      C. slowly              D. carefully

6. A. angry           B. busy          C. tired          D. lazy

7. A. listens to              B. hears         C. watches    D. speaks

8. A. fills               B. plants        C. throws             D. makes

9. A. does                   B. moves      C. grows              D. plays

10.A. work          B. rain           C. stories              D. music

名师点评

本文介绍了汤姆庭园中各种植物的生长以及销售情况,并说明了懒惰的汤姆为什么能长出这么好的植物。

答案简析

1. D。根据下文汤姆春夏秋冬都会在园子里种各种植物,说明园子里一年到头都长着植物,故year为正确选项。

2. A。很明显,汤姆的植物园比村子里其余人的应好得多,故应用比较级better。

3. B。根据文意,汤姆到市场上去应是卖自己种植的花,水果及蔬菜,故选sells。

4. C。这里应选择一个褒义形容词修饰汤姆的蔬菜水果,故只能选big。

5. B。因为蔬菜水果长得好,所以在市场上卖得很快,故quickly为正确选项。

6. D。根据下文汤姆没有很多的时间去管理园子而是坐在树下听音乐,故选lazy。

7. A。表示听音乐这一动作应用listen to 。

8. B。根据文意,汤姆春夏秋冬在园子里是在种各种植物,故选plant。

9. C。grows在这里表示园子里的一切在不断地生长。

10. D。上文讲到音乐使得园子里的一切又大又美,说明植物也像人一样喜欢音乐,故选music。

12

For several years, Americans have enjoyed teleshopping-watching TV and buying things by phone. Now teleshopping is starting in Europe. In some __1__ countries, people can turn on their __2__ and shop for clothes, jewelry, food, toys and __3__ things.

Teleshopping is becoming popular in Sweden. __4__, the biggest Swedish company sells different kinds of things on TV in fifteen European countries, and in one year, it makes $10 million. In France, there are two teleshopping channels, and the French __5__ about $ 20 million a year in buying things through those channels.

In Germany, __6__ last year teleshopping was only possible on one channel for one hour every day. Then the government allowed more teleshopping. Other channels can __7__ for telebusiness, including the largest American teleshopping company and a 24-hour teleshopping company. German __8__ are hoping these will help them sell more things.

Some people like teleshopping because it allows them to do their shopping without __9__. With all the traffic problems in cities, going shopping is not an easy thing. But at the same time, other Europeans __10__ like this new way of buying things. They call __11__ “junk on the air.” Many Europeans usually worry about the quality of the things __12__ on TV. They think high quality is the most important thing, and they don’t believe they can be sure about the quality of the things __13__.

The need of high quality means that European teleshopping companies will have to be __14__ the American companies. They will have to be more careful about __15__ of the things they sell. They will also have to work harder to sell things that the buyers cannot touch or see by themselves.

1. A. European            B. Asian               C. American         D. African

2. A. lights            B. switches           C. radios                     D. TVs

3. A. some else     B. another many   C. the other          D. many other

4. A. Such as        B. For example     C. For teleshopping     D. It is like

5. A. takes            B. cost                 C. spends                    D. spend

6. A. to                B. until                  C. unless                     D. by

7. A. begin            B. leave                C. open                D. turn on

8. A. people         B. women             C. businessmen     D. officials

9. A. to go out                                         B. going out         

C. to buy things                             D. buying things

10. A. still             B. don’t         C. even                D. won’t

11. A. teleshopping      B. TV            C. radio                D. telephone

12. A. appearing   B. coming out       C. for sale            D. to buy

13. A. in the shop B. on TV              C. they bought             D. by this way

14. A. the same with                  B. different from  

C. as big as                       D. larger than

15. A. the number B. the quality C. the places        D. the buyers

名师点评

本文介绍了发源于美国并流行于欧洲各国的电话购物法,说明了电话购物法的发展情况以及受大众欢迎的原因,同时也指出了这种购物法存在的问题,并提出了解决这些问题的途径。

答案简析

1. A。上文讲到电话购物法在欧洲也开始起步,本句承接上文,对欧洲的情况作进一步介绍,因此,应选European。

2. D。电话购物法,应通过看电视选择物品,然后电话订购, 故应选TVs。

3. D。else为副词不用来修饰名词作定语。the other things意为别的所有商品不合文意,选项many other things意为别的许多商品为正确选项。

4. B。such as中的as介词,因此该词组用于列举时,后面常直接接名词或名词性短语。而for example用于列举时与后面例子常用逗号隔开。因此B为正确选项。

5. D。分析句子,不难发现本句使用了“spend money in dong something”这一结构,且主语the French为第三人称复数,故应用spend的原形。

6. B。该句子表示在德国,每天电话购物法仅在一个频道播放一个小时,这种情况一直持续到去年,表示某状态一直持续到某个点时间,应用“until + 点时间。

7. C。这里open表示开放,开张,营业,本句表示电影频道对电话购物实行了开放政策,可用来进行电话购物。

8. C。很明显,电话购物法为商人销售产品提供了一个极佳的渠道。因此本句表达了商人的愿望。

9. B。without为介词。后面应跟动词的-ing形式。根据文意,going out应为正确选项。

10. B。根据本句开头的But以及下文内容,这里提到的是对电话购物持反对态度的人。故选don’t。

11. A。一些人不喜欢电话购物法,称其为垃圾。故应选teleshopping。

12. C。人们担心的是电视上正在销售的产品的质量。A,B意思不对。for sale表示待售,为正确选项。

13. B。电话购物法令人们担心的是电视上展销的商品的质量,而不是商店里的商品,也不是已经买到手的商品。故选on TV。

14. B。根据上文,欧洲人的购物观念与美国人有所不同。因此电话购物公司也得采取不同的措施。固定结构be different form意为不同于……为正确答案。

15. B。根据上文,消费者关心的是质量。因此电话购物公司必须对质量倍加小心。故选择quality。

13

Last Friday, after doing all the family shopping in the town. I wanted to have a rest before catching the rain. I __1__ a newspaper and some chocolate and __2__ into the station coffee shop. It was a cheap self-service place with long tables to __3__ at. I put my heavy bag down on the floor, __4__ the newspaper and the chocolate on the table and then went to get a cup of coffee.

When I came back with the coffee, There was someone __5__ in the next seat. __6__ was a boy, with dark glasses and old clothes, and __7__ bright red at the front. He had started to eat my chocolate!

Naturally, I was rather uneasy about him, but I didn’t want to have any __8__. I just read the newspaper, tasted my coffee and took a bit of chocolate. The boy looked at me in __9__.Then he took a __10__ piece of my chocolate. I could hardly believe it. Still I didn’t say anything to him. When he took a third piece, I felt more angry than uneasy. I thought, “Well, I shall have the last piece.” And I got it.

The boy gave me a strange look, then __11__ up. As he left, he shouted out, “There’s something __12__ with that woman!” Everyone looked at me, __13__ I didn’t want to quarrel with the boy, so I kept quiet. I did not realize that I had __14__ a mistake until I finished my coffee and was ready to __15__. My face turned red when I saw my unopened chocolate under the newspaper. The chocolate that I had been eating was the boy’s!

1. A. stole                    B. bought             C. sold          D. wrote

2. A. went                B. sat                C. seated      D. looked

3. A. sit              B. seat                C. lie           D. laugh

4. A. pushed               B. took               C. put          D. pulled

5. A. jumping        B. playing          C. sitting        D. sleeping

6. A. He             B. It            C. Who       D. What

7. A. cut             B. washed  C. covered   D. colored

8. A. coffee         B. trouble          C. chocolate  D. matter

9. A. carelessness       B. anger     C. surprise     D. happiness

10. A. first            B. second          C. very               D. last

11. A. stood              B. took       C. cried       D. looked

12. A. strange             B. wrong     C. OK               D. funny

13. A. and           B. but                C. so           D. while

14. A. spelt                B. corrected  C. made    D. found

15. A. finish         B. leave      C. jump       D. shop

名师点评

这是外出购物时的一次尴尬的经历,故事贴近生活,生动有趣,读这样的文章有助于我们在今后的生活中避免出现类似的错误。

答案简析

1. B。为了消磨时间,买了报纸和巧克力,故选bought。

2. A。由文章推理出,走进了一家咖啡店,故应选went。

3. A。 to sit at 是作为tables的后置定语,意为可以在旁边就坐的。

4. C。按常理应把报纸等放在桌子上,而不是推到或拉到桌子上故应选 put。

5. C。由下文可知,回来时发现他开始吃的东西,说明他坐在桌旁,故选 sitting。

6. A。由下文可知,对方是一个男子,故用he指代。

7. D。头发应是被染成红色的,故应选colored。

8. B。面对这样一个男子,不想惹麻烦,trouble合乎文意为正确选项。

9. C。由下文可知,吃的是这个男子的巧克力,这引起了对方的某一反应,比较四个选项,再根据上文,用名词surprise比较合乎当时的情形。

10. B。习惯用语“a second + 名词,常用来表示再一个,又一个

11. A。根据文意可知那个男孩起身要走,故选择stood。

12. B。男孩生气了,必定说了发泄的话,比较四个选项wrong为最佳选择。

13. B。男孩骂了导致大家都朝看,而不想与他争吵,可见的反应与上文描述的气氛恰恰相反,故选择but构成转折关系。

14. C。固定搭配make a mistake意为犯了个错误。

15. B。在喝完咖啡准备离开时发现了自己的过错,故应选leave。

14

Rosa liked making up stories. She was so __1__ that her classmates believed her from time to time. In fact, the whole class believed her! At first she supposed it was __2__. Now, as she got up to __3__ before the class, She knew that make –believe stories had some way of coming back to make you sad.

Rosa’s parents were separated. Nine months out of the year, Rosa lived with her mother in an apartment on Anderson Street. But when summer __4__, she went to her father’s farm in Arizona.

The farm was great! Rosa rode horses and __5__ with some farm work. Her father, however, was so __6__ that he couldn’t find time to go places with her. When she arrived each summer, her father would __7__ her at the airport and take her out to eat. And the day she went back to the __8__ he would always buy her a present.

When summer came to a close, Rosa __9__ to her mother. At school she heard lots of stories her friends told about their family trips. Rosa wished she had a __10__ to talk about.

Not long after __11__ began, Rosa was looking through travel magazines in the school library. They talked about many exciting __12__, like England and Germany. When Rosa’s friends asked what she had done that summer, she made up something that was not __13__. Remembering the travel magazines she had looked at, she told her classmates that she and her father had gone to __14__.

When the class began studying England, Mr. Thomas asked Rosa to tell all the things she could __15__ about her trip to England!

1. A. afraid           B. worried     C. sure          D. happy

2. A. joke        B. fun            C. turn            D. game

3. A. talk        B. teach               C. show          D. travel

4. A. passed    B. arrived     C. lasted           D. changed

5. A. made     B. played      C. helped         D. did

6. A. weak     B. pleased     C. busy           D. lonely

7. A. show        B. visit                C. meet         D. send

8. A. farm        B. city           C. family       D. school

9. A. wrote     B. called        C. moved    D. returned

10. A. family           B. school              C. teacher    D. farm

11. A. meeting          B. school              C. summer    D. talk

12. A. people          B. cities               C. languages        D. places

13. A interesting         B. true          C. long          D. same

14. A. England     B. Germany   C. farm         D. home

15. A. think         B. see           C. remember       D. read

名师点评

本文讲述了父母已离异的罗莎喜欢编谎言骗人,从中获得乐趣。暑假过后其他同学都在谈假期中的家庭旅游时,罗莎只得自欺欺人,骗大家说她与爸爸去了英国。结果上课时,老师让她谈英国的情况时,她无话可说了。

答案简析

1. C。罗莎的谎言经常让同学们信以为真,说明她骗人时自信心强,把握大。故选择sure.。

2. B。与下文罗莎自欺欺人相对应,一开始她认为骗人是件快乐的事,故选择fun。

3. A。根据文意,经过这件事后她意识到骗人其实就是骗自己,这种意识在平时与大伙交谈时更为强烈,故选talk。

4. B。夏天到时,罗莎就会到爸爸农场去度假,故选arrive。

5. C。help with sth. 意为帮助干些事情。

6. C。爸爸没时间陪她去其地方游玩,说明爸爸很忙,故选busy。

7. C。这里meet表示爸爸去机场接她。

8. B。在农场度假结束后,罗莎应返回城里,故选city.

9. D。根据文意暑假结束了,罗莎要返回到妈妈身边。故选 returned.

10. A。与上文相对应,她的朋友都在谈假期与家人的旅游,罗莎因此希望拥有一个完整的家庭。

11. B。假期结束了,新学期又开始了,且下文讲到了学校里的事情,故选school。

12. D。下文的例子既不是城市也不是人或语言而是两个国家,只有选places。

13. B。别人问起她夏天的旅游情况时,她只有编织一些不真实的事情骗大家,故选true。

14. A。下文老师让她讲在英国旅行的情况,说明她骗大家去了英国,故选England。

15. C。老师让罗莎对过去的事情进行回忆并讲述,故选remember。

15

Most parents, I suppose, have had the experience of reading a bedtime story __1__ their children. And they must have realized how difficult it is to write a __2__ children’s book. Either the author has aimed (定目标) too __3__, so that children can’t follow what is in his ( or more often, her ) story, __4__ the story seems to be talking to the readers.

The best children’s books are __5__ very difficult nor very simple, and satisfy(令人满意的) the __6__ who hears the story and the adult(成年人) who __7__ it. Unfortunately(不幸的是), there are in fact few books like this, __8__ the problem of finding the right bedtime story is not __9__ to solve. This may be why many of the books regarded as __10__ of children’s literature(文学) were in fact written for __11__ “Alice in Wonderland” is perhaps the most obvious(明显)of this.

Children, left for themselves, often __12__ the worst possible interest in literature. Just leave a child in a bookshop or a __13__ and he will more willingly choose the books written in an unimaginative (并非想象的 ) way, or have a look at the most children’s comics(连环图书), full of the stories and jokes which are the rejections of teachers and righting-thinking parents.

Perhaps we parents should stop __14__ to brainwash(洗脑)children into accepting(接受)our taste in literature. After all, children and adults are so __15__ that we parents should not expect that they will enjoy the same books. So I suppose we’ll just have to compromise(妥协)over the bedtime story.

1. A. to                 B. in                     C. with                 D. around

2. A. short           B. long               C. bad                       D. good

3. A. easy           B. short      C. high                      D. difficult

4. A. and            B. but                C. or                  D. so

5. A. both           B. neither     C. either             D. very

6. A. child           B. father      C. mother            D. teacher

7. A. hears            B. buys       C. understands    D. reads

8. A. but            B. however    C. so                   D. because

9. A. hard           B. easy       C. enough           D. fast

10.A. articles      B. work       C. arts                       D. works

11. A. grown-ups        B. girls        C. boys             D. children

12. A. are           B. show      C. find                       D. add

13. A. school      B. home      C. office             D. library

14. A. going       B. liking      C. trying              D. preferring

15. A. same       B. friendly      C. different                D. common

名师点评

本文说明了写一本供孩子读的好书并非一件容易的事,并且告诫家长不要一味强迫孩子接受大人的观点,因为孩子和大人在兴趣方面不尽相同。本文具有一定的教育意义,有助于改变家长一些错误的观点。

答案简析

1.      C。read to somebody 意为读给某人听,to后面接动作的对象。

2.      D。根据下文可知,存在的困难在于如何把孩子们的书写好。故选 good。

3.      C。书中的内容让孩子们无法理解,说明作者的目标定得高。故 high。

4. C。与前文either 对应,这里应用or. “either…or” 意义为要么……要么……。

5. B。与下半句的nor 对应,这里应用neither。 “ neither…nor…” 意为既不……也不……。

6.       A。satisfy的宾语除了读故事的成年人以外,当然就是听故事的孩子。故选child。

7.       D。孩子听的故事越来越少,家长把讲故事当成读故事。故选reads。

8.       C。前后两句形成因果关系,所以应用so引导结果状语从句。

9.       B。上文讲好书越来越少,说明去发现好书并非是容易的事。故选easy。

10.   B。名词 works 意为作品。

11.   A。根据后面所举的例子以及文意,现在被认为是孩子们读的作品,实际上是为成年人所写的。故选grown-ups。

12.   A。show interest in something 意为……感兴趣。

13.   B。孩子们选书的地点一般是书店或是图书馆。故选library。

14.   D。try to do something 意为想法设法做某事,符合当今社会实际情况,为正确选项。

15.   C。家长不要期望孩子门会接纳他们的观点,因为两者大不相同。故选择different。

16

Mrs. Ball had a son. His name was Mick. She __1__ him very much and as he was not a __2 __ child, she was always __3__ that he might be ill, __4__ she used to take him to see the best __5__ in the town four times a year to be looked __6__.

During one of these __7__, the doctor gave Mick all kinds of tests and then said to him, “Have you had any __8__ with your nose or ears recently?” Mick __9__ for a second and then answered, “Yes, I __10__.”

Mrs. Ball was very __11__. “But I’m sure you have __12__ told me that, Mick!” She said worriedly. “Oh, really?” Said the doctor __13__. “And what trouble have you with your nose and ears, my boy?” “Well,” answered Mick, “I always have trouble with them when I’m __14__ my sweater off, because the __15__ is very tight.”

1. A. loved          B. hated              C. missed            D. cared

2. A. rich                     B. clever        C. strong                     D. happy

3. A. afraid           B. surprised   C. glad                 D. sure

4. A. which           B. for            C. but                   D. so

5. A. player          B. teacher      C. doctor                    D. lawyer

6. A. round           B. over          C. for                   D. after

7. A. talks                    B. years         C. visits                D. stays

8. A. answer         B. thing          C. word               D. trouble

9. A. waited          B. thought      C. stood               D. looked

10. A. did                    B. will            C. have                D. do

11. A. excited              B. interested  C. pleased            D. surprised

12. A. already              B. just           C. never               D. always

13. A. angrily        B. seriously    C. happily             D. carefully

14. A. turning        B. taking        C. keeping            D. putting

15. A. collar         B. nose          C. mouth                     D. ear

名师点评

深爱儿子的鲍尔夫人一直为儿子的健康忧虑,常带他去医院看病,甚至被儿子脱毛衣引起眼睛和鼻子的不适而虚惊一场。

答案简析

1A。根据下文鲍尔夫人常带儿子去看病可见她非常爱儿子,故选择loved。

2C。鲍尔夫人担心儿子会有病,常带他医院,说明Nick没有强壮的体魄,故选择Strong。

3A。上文讲到鲍尔夫人爱儿子,那么儿子的健康状况应让做妈妈的担心才对,而不是惊奇或快乐,故选择afraid。

4D。两分句从意思上看,应为因果关系,因此应用so引导这个结果状语从句。

5C。生病了当然是去看医生,再根据下文意思,应选择doctor。

6B。look over为固定词组,意为检查。

7B。上文提到一年要去医院检查四次,下文将要讲到其中一年里发生的一件事情,故选years从而形成对应。

8D。have  trouble  with  sth 意为在某方面有麻烦为一习惯用语。

9B。医生问了一个问题,他要作出回答,因此得思考一会儿,故选择thought。

10C。医生的问题用了现在完成时态,对之作出的回答也应用现在完成时,即:Yes ,I  have。

11D。深爱儿子的妈妈第一次听说儿子鼻子、眼睛有问题应感到惊讶,故选择surprised。

12C。妈妈感到惊讶是因为她从未听儿子提到过这回事,故应选never。

13B。医生对自己经常检查的病人,出现新的病情应作为严肃的事情来处理,故应选seriously。

14B。take  a  sweater  off意为脱去毛线衣。

15A。穿毛衣时衣领子挤压眼、鼻引起疼痛,故应选collar。

17

The computer plays an important part in our everyday life. It is one of the great __1__ in the world in the __2__ century. It works for us not only at home, in the offices, in big shops, __3__ at schools. Today it is used __4__ many ways. It really __5__ the world large wealth (财富) and happiness.

The first computer in the world was __6__ Enid. It was built in America in 1946. It was __7__ and heavy. __8__ it was born, it has been developing very fast. Until now it has gone __9__ four periods(时期,阶段)and changed a lot. There’re many kinds of computers. Computers are getting smaller and smaller and computing faster and faster. It becomes more and more __10__.

The computer can do most of the things __11__ the people. It can help us to __12__ about the real world more quickly, to learn __13__ we want to learn and to think __14__ ourselves. __15__ a student in the twenty-first century, you must work hard at it.

1. A. inventions    B. discoveries C. robots           D. inventors

2. A. twenty-first B. twenties   C. twelfth    D. twentieth

3. A. also            B. but also    C. too          D. either

4. A. in             B. to             C. by            D. over

5. A. takes           B. helps               C. gets         D. brings

6. A. found          B. invented    C. called      D. bought

7. A. easy            B. small               C. large               D. light

8. A. For            B. Until         C. When   D. Since

9. A. by                      B. across   C. through    D. against

10.A. serious              B. harmful.    C. dangerous       D. helpful

11.A. for           B. to             C. at             D. with

12.A. set            B. tell        C. know              D. talk

13.A. what          B. that          C. which       D. who

14.A. of             B. about      C. out           D. for

15.A. For           B. Be           C. As           D. To

名师点评

      本文介绍了电脑的产生、发展以及在我们日常生活中广泛使用,针对一些人对将来电脑会控制人类的担忧,作者提出了自己的看法。

答案简析

1.A。one of 后要用可数名词的复数形式,根据文章意思,可知答案是A。

2.D。要表达第几个世纪,应该用序数词+century”,而根据常识,计算机是二十世纪的产物,A二十一世纪与实际不符合。

3.B。固定搭配not only…but (also)… 意思是不但……而且……。所以答案是B。

4.A。in many ways为一固定用法,表示在许多方面。

5.D。根据文章大意,可知答案是D,表示给人们带来财富和快乐。

6.C。因为Enid是名字,故用called。

7.C。根据常识可知老式计算机庞大而笨重,故填large。

8.D。该句句意为自它诞生之日起,它的发展就非常迅速,since在意思和时态上与主句呼应,为正确选项。

9.C。动词短语go through表示经历……。

10.            D。

11.            A。用介词for+宾语表示为人们做事,故选A。

12.            C。know about表示了解,侧重于有关某人或某事的具体情况。

13.            A。learn后面接的是一个宾语从句,而且连接词在从句中做learn 的宾语,所以只能用what,因为that在宾语从句中是纯连词,只能起连接作用,不能做句子成分。

14.            D。think of表示想起;认为;think about表示考虑;think out表示想出;根据文章含义,答案应是D。

15.            C。介词as表示作为,为正确选项。

18

You may think there is only sand in the desert of the world, __1__ it is not true. In the desert, as we know, there is a little __2__, but it is not __3__ for most plants. Still we can see some plants __4__ in the desert.

There is __5__ in some places in the desert. We __6__ these places oases. In the oases, there are villages and towns. People grow __7__ kinds of crops in the fields there.

People __8__ live outside the oases. They have camels, sheep and other animals. These animals depend __9__ the desert plants for their food and do not need __10__ water.

The __11__ are useful to the desert people in many ways. They eat the meat and drink the milk of the animals. They use the camels for carrying water, food, tents and something else.

The people of the desert have to keep moving from place to place. They must always look  12   grass or desert plants for their animals. When there is no more food for their animals, they move to __13__ place. The desert people are __14__. No man in the desert would ever refuse __15__ the people in trouble and give them food and water.

1. A. and              B. but                   C. or                           D. so

2. A. rain              B. rains                 C. wind                D. winds

3. A. good     B. good enough    C. enough good    D. enough

4. A. live        B. to live               C. lives                 D. lived

5. A. stones   B. plants               C. wood               D. water

6. A. say        B. tell                   C. call                  D. find

7. A. every    B. all                    C. a                      D. one

8. A. also              B. too                   C. either               D. still

9. A. with             B. in                            C. on                    D. by

10. A. a little  B. few                  C. much               D. any

11. A. water  B. plants               C. crops               D. animals

12. A. at        B. for                   C. up                    D. after

13. A. other   B. the other          C. the others         D. another

14. A. well     B. friend               C. friendly            D. carefully

15. A. help    B. helps                C. helping             D. to help

名师点评

本文讲述了人类是如何利用沙漠中的绿洲、动物,并依靠自身的努力而得以在沙漠中种植庄稼,从而生存下来。说明人定胜天的道理。

答案简析

1. B?瞻撞糠至骄涔钩勺酃叵,故选择并列连词but。

2. B。沙漠中风多雨少,rain一词为不可数名词,其复数形式rains表示雨水多,故应选rain。

3. D。这里讲沙漠中的一点点雨水,并不能满足大多数植物生长的需要,故选择enough。

4. A。see sb. do sth.意为看见某人做某事,这里应用省去to 的动词不定式。

5. D。沙漠之所以出现绿洲的根本原因是有了水,故选water。

6. C。call 在这里意为……称为……为正确选项。

7. B。every, aone 后面都应该接可数名词单数,不能放在kinds 前面。all kinds of 意为各种各样的。

8. A。表示时,too 一般放在肯定句末,either放在否定句末,also 放在句中,在此为正确选项,而still 不合题意。

9. C。固定说法depend on意为依靠、凭借。

10. C。一些动物能在沙漠中生存下来,说明了他们适应了这里雨水稀少的气候,不其他动物那样需要太多的水,故选择much。

11. D。通读本段不难发现,本段承上文接着讲述动物的用途,故选animals。

12. B。固定说法look for 意思为寻找。

13. D。other 后接可数名词时应用复数形式;the other 后接可数名词单数时表示两者中的另一个,不合文意。

14. C。根据下文沙漠里的人从不会拒绝帮助别人,说明他们彼此友好。

15. D。固定搭配refuse to do sth.意为拒绝干某事。

19

      Once upon a time, a rich man wanted to make a trip (旅行) to another town. He tried not only to take things to sell but also to take money to   1   things with. He   2   to take ten servants with him. They would   3   the things to sell and the food to   4   on their trip. Before they started, a little boy ran up to   5   and asked to   6   with them.

       The rich man said to the little boy, “Well,   7   may go with us.   8   you are the smallest, the thinnest and the weakest of all my   9  , you can’t carry a   10   load (担子). You must   11   the lightest one to carry.” The boy thanked his master and chose the biggest load to carry. That was bread.

“You are   12  .” said his master, “That is the biggest and the heaviest one.” The boy said   13   and lifted the load gladly.

       On the trip they walked for days and at last they got to the town. All the servants were tired   14   the little servant. Do you know   15  ? Most of the bread was eaten during the trip and a little was left when they arrived at the town.

1. A. eat               B. buy                  C. change                    D. get

2. A. decided        B. liked                C. hoped                     D. tried

3. A. take                    B. bring                C. carry                D. borrow

4. A. cook            B. eat                   C. buy                  D. drink

5. A. them                                        B. the servants      (仆人)  

C. the road                                          D. the rich man                  

6. A. stop                    B. stay                  C. go                    D. talk

7. A. you                     B. he                    C. I                      D. they

8. A. Since           B. If                            C. Because           D. But

9. A. family           B. guests                     C. servants           D. things

10. A. heavy         B. light                  C. small                D. difficult

11. A. eat                    B. choose                    C. pick up            D. understand

12. A. brave         B. right                 C. clever                     D. foolish

13. A. sorry          B. nothing             C. angrily                     D. good-bye

14. A. besides             B. of                            C. except                    D. with

15. A. who           B. him                  C. that                  D. why

名师点评

       本文讲述了一个聪明的小男孩的故事。他要求加入一位富人的旅行,在得到同意后   选择担子时,看似愚蠢地选择了最大、最重的担子。而这恰恰就是他的聪明之处,因为他所挑的面包在途中是被边走边吃的,到达目的地时已所剩无几。阅读这故选foolish。篇文章时要注意句子的整体理解,如第8、9、10这三题。

答案简析

1. B。这位富人不仅带了东西去卖,而且带钱去东西。解这道题时要注意将句中and前后的内容进行比较。

2. A。根据他的想法,他决定要带十个仆人。这件事完全可以由他自己决定,所以没有必要希望带……”努力带……”,故C、D不合题意。

3. C。carry在句中意为携带、运送;take 意为带走;bring意为带来。本句意为他们将运送要卖的东西和在路上要吃的食物。下文的第10、11两题所在的句子也有提示。

4. B。参照第3题。

5. D。一个小男孩来找这位富人,要求和他们一起走,故选 the rich man。

6. C。参照第5题。

7. A。富人同意小男孩随行。

8. D。此句和上文是转折关系,意为但是你是我的仆人中最小的、最瘦的、最弱的一个,你不能挑重担,故选but。

9. C。参照第8题。

10. A。参照第8题。

11. B。此句意为你要选择挑最轻的担子,“pick up”意为捡起,不合文意,故选choose。

12. D。主人看到这个小仆人选择了最重的担子,感到他很愚蠢,故选foolish。。

13. B。听了主人的话,小男孩什么也没说,而是高兴地挑起了担

子。        

14. C。由于小男孩的聪明,除了他自己,其他仆人都累坏了。

15. D。Do you know why? 用在文章最后用来引出原因,告诉读者其中的奥妙。

20

Peter’s job was to examine cars when they crossed the frontier to make sure that they were not smuggling anything into the country. Every evening he would see a factory worker coming __1__ the hill towards the frontier, __2__ a bike with a pile of goods of old straw on it. When the bike __3__ the frontier, Peter would stop the man and __4__ him take the straw off and untie it. Then he would examine the straw very __5__ to see __6__ he could find anything, after which he would look in all the man’s pockets __7__ he let him tie the straw again. The man would then put it on his bike and go off down the hill with it. Although Peter was always __8__ to find gold or other valuable things __9__ in the straw, he never found __10__. He was sure the man was __11__ something, but he was not __12__ to think out what it could be.

Then one evening, after he had looked __13__ the straw and emptied the worker’s pockets __14__ usual, he __15__ to him, “Listen, I know you are smuggling things __16__ this frontier. Won’t you tell me what it is? I’m an old man, and today’s my last day on the __17__. Tomorrow I’m going to __18__. I promise I shall not tell __19__ if you tell me what you’ve been smuggling.” The worker did not say anything for __20__. Then he smiled, turned to Peter and said quietly, “Bikes.”

1. A. towards              B. down        C. to                    D. up

2. A. filling            B. pulling              C. pushing     D. carrying

3. A. arrived         B. appeared  C. came        D. reached

4. A. ask                     B. order        C. make        D. call

5. A. carefully              B. quickly      C. silently      D. horribly

6. A. that                     B. where              C. how          D. whether

7. A. before          B. after          C. first           D. so

8. A. lucky            B. hoping              C. thinking     D. wondering

9. A. had been             B. hidden              C. hiding        D. have been

10. A. nothing              B. something  C. everything D. anything

11. A. taking         B. smuggling  C. stealing     D. pushing

12. A. possible            B. strong              C. able          D. clever

13. A. through             B. thoroughly C. upon         D. up

14. A. like            B. more         C. then          D. as

15. A. told            B. cried         C. ordered    D. said

16. A. cross          B. past          C. across              D. into

17. A. thing           B. work         C. job           D. duty

18. A. rest            B. back         C. retire         D. retreat

19. A. everyone    B. anyone      C. no one             D. someone

20. A. moment             B. long time   C. sometime  D. some time

名师点评

这篇完型填空讲述了身为边防检查员的彼得明知一个工厂工人在走私货物却无法抓住对方的把柄。在退休的前一天,彼得恳请其说出真相,结果令彼得恍然大悟。

答案简析

1D。根据下文这个工人越过边界后,走下山坡,所以到达边界之前应在朝山上走。故选up。

2C。这名工人是在推着一辆装有稻草的自行车,故选动词pushing。

3D。这里表达的是到达边界之意arrive, come为不及物动词不可直接接 the frontier,故选reached。

4C。askorder后接不定式的复合结构时,动词前应有to, make后接不定式的复合结构时,动词前to要省去。根据下文应选make。

5A。彼得想发现这个工人在走私什么,所以应仔细地检查。故选carefully。

6D。这里根据文意,应选择表示是否之意的whether作宾语从句的引导词。

7A。根据常理,彼得应先检查这个工人的口袋才能让他捆起稻草走人,故选before。

8B.根据文意,彼得心中一直怀着查获走私物品的希望,故选hoping。

9B。这里thingshide之间是被动关系,现在分词hiding作定语时表示主动,所以应用过去分词hidden作后置定语表被动。

10D。本句中否定词never及文意决定了这里应选 anything。

11B。四个选项从语法上讲都可以,只能从文意上进行区分,smuggling意为走私,是正确选项。

12C。固定结构be able to do sth. 意为能够干某事。

13A。习惯用语look through 意为彻底检查。

14D。“as usual”为固定短语,意为象平常一样。

15D。tell, order后面应直接接人作宾语表示告诉某人和命令某人,而用say应为say to sb. said为正确选项。

16C.这里应选择一个介词构成介词短语在句中做状语。介词past 经过; across 强调从一边到另一边;而into 表示进入到……里面。 根据文意across应为正确选项。

17C。“on the job”为一常用短语。意为执行公务。

18C。因为今天是彼得最后一天上班说明明天他就要退休retire。

19B。根据句中否定词not 及文意应选anyone。

20D。本句说明这个工人回答彼得的问题之前沉默了一会儿。A选项应用a moment; C选项表示某一点时间; D选项表示一段时间或一会儿,为正确选项。

21

A strange thing happened to Henry yesterday. He was on a bus and to __1__. So he stood up and rang the bell. __2__ make sure the driver heard him, he rang it twice, but the bus __3__ stop. And the conductor came and shouted __4__ him.

The conductor was __5__ angry and spoke __6__ fast that Henry didn’t understand __7__. The bus stopped at the next bus and Henry got off. As he got off he heard someone said, “ I think he __8__ a foreigner.”

When Henry got __9__, he told his wife about it.

“ __10__ times did you ring the bell?” his wife asked.

“ Twice,” said Henry.

“ Well, that’s the signal (信号) __11__ the driver __12__ on.” His wife explained, “only the conductor __13__ to ring the bell twice. That’s why the conductor __14__ so angry!”

Henry nodded(点头). “ __15__,” he said.

1. A. got off         B. gets off            C. get off             D. get on

2. A.To                   B. At                    C. In              D. with

3. A. doesn’t      B. don’t            C. didn’t             D. wasn’t

4. A. in                   B. on                    C. of              D. at

5. A. so                  B. as                    C. at               D. because

6. A. so that      B. that               C. so              D. why

7. A. words       B. a word                 C. speech           D. song

8. A. was         B. isn’t                   C.  is              D. am

9. A. to home     B. at home          C. in home        D. home

10. A. How many  B. How much         C. How long    D. How

11. A. to       B. at              C. on              D. for

12. A. to go      B. go              C. went on     D. goes

13. A. allowed    B. is allowed         C. was allowed         D. allow

14. A. got      B. gets                   C. is getting            D. gotten

15. A. I seen    B. I saw                 C. I see               D. I did

名师点评

本文讲述了一位外国人在乘车时遇到的麻烦。当他准备下车时,因为着急按了两次车铃,结果引出一场误会,导致不能及时下车。

答案简析

1.      C。从上下文意思可知他准备下车,故选get off。

2.      A。他按两次电铃的目的是希望列车员能听见。这里应用动词不定式表示目的,故选to。

3.      C。文章主要讲述过去发生的事情。应用一般过去时,故选didn’t.

4.      D。shout at sb 意为对某人大吵,大嚷,故选at。

5.      A。由文章可知,列车员很生气,用副词so来修饰“angry”与下文that 构成固定搭配,即so…that…, 意思是如此……以至……”。

6.      C。与上题同解。

7.      B。根据文意可知列车员的话乘客一句也没有听懂。故选a word。

8.      C。因为是直接引语,所以这里用一般现在时。故选is。

9.      D。got为不接物动词,可以直接接副词home,意为到家。

10.  A。分析四个选项,只有how many后可接可数名词复数

11.  D。这里for表示一种限定,指专门给驾驶员的信号。

12.  A。根据文意可知按两次车铃是提醒司机继续前进的信号,动词不定式在此作后置定语,故选to go。

13.  B。列车员与allow之间构成被动关系,这里应用被动语态,故选is allowed。

14.  A。列车员生气的情况已发生,所以用一般过去时,故选got。

15.  C。根据文意,这位乘客知道列车员生气的原因之后, 应说“I see.”。

22

Allan was worried. This was his first time to go traveling   1  . He didn’t know how to find his seat,   2    he  went to the air hostess(空姐) and asked, “Could you help me? I can’t find my seat.” The air hostess showed   3    the seat and told him   4    and fasten the seat belt(系好安全带). She told Allan not to move about when the plane was going up. And she also said that Allan’s ears might feel   5    strange, but he didn’t need to   6   it because many people felt   7    that. When the plane was flying very high, Allan could stand up and walk around. He could   8    read books, newspapers or see films. The air hostess would   

__9__ food and drinks. Allan would enjoy the flight and   10    soon.

1.A. by ship          B. by air               C. by car                     D. by bus

2.A. yet         B. or                           C. but                       D. so

3.A. him         B. me                    C. her         D. he

4.A. stand up        B. sleep                C. to sit down              D. sit down

5.A. a little       B. little                C. a bit of      D. bit

6.A worrying          B. be worried             C. worry about  D. worry

7.A. in               B. for                   C. as                D. like

8.A. neither           B. either                 C. both               D. also

9.A hold              B. take                 C. bring               D. carry

10. A. arrive home       B. arrive to home        C. get to home      D. reach at home

名师点评

本文讲述了Allan第一次乘飞机时的经历与感受。

答案简析

1B。本文讲述了Allan第一次乘飞机时的情况, 故选by air。

2D。根据文意,  Allan因为找不到座位, 所以他就去问空姐。这里构成因果关系,应用 so引导结果状语从句。

3A。Allan是男士,故选 him充当show的宾语。 

4C。tell sb. to do sth.意思是叫某人干某事。故选to sit down。

5A。a little修饰形容词表示有点……”。

6C。 need to后面应接动词原形。 worry为不接物动词,不能直接接宾语。 故选 worry about。

7D。like that意为像那样。

8B。固定结构either…or… , 意为或者……或者……”。

9C。根据文意,空姐拿来食物和饮料给乘客, 故选bring。

10A。这里home是副词,其前面应用不接物动词,故选择arrive home。

23

What is the best way to study ? This is a very important question. Some Chinese students often   1    very hard   2    long hours. This is a   3    habit (习惯), but it is not a better way to study . A good student must   4    enough sleep, enough food and enough rest. Every   5    you    6    to take a walk or play basketball or ping-pong or sing a song. When you    7    to your studies, you’ll find yourself    8    than before and you’ll lean more.

Perhaps we can   9    that learning English is like taking Chinese medicine, we mean that like Chinese medicine, the effects(效果) of your study   10    slowly but surely. Learn every day and effects will come just like Chinese medicine.          

1. A. play             B. study         C. sleep         D. think

2. A. at      B. in           C. for            D. with

3. A. best         B. better          C. good           D. bad

4. A. have    B. do             C. want           D. make

5. A. month        B. week          C. hour            D. day

6. A. want         B. hope           C. need           D. wish

7. A. begin         B. return           C. go      D. are

8. A. stronger      B. weaker         C. strong   D. week

9. A. say          B. guess          C. talk     D. know

10. A. return        B. come          C. give            D. get  

名师点评

文章讲述了认真学习的同时,必须要注意劳逸结合。这样才有好的学习效率。

答案简析

1B。下文指出这是一个好的学习习惯但不是一个好的学习方法,故选study。

2C。介词for常与段时间连用, 在句中作状语。

3C。与下半句形成转折关系,这里应选good,说明努力学习是一种好的习惯。

4A。一个会学习的学生必须有足够的睡眠。have意为拥有,为正确选项。

5D。下文take a walk, play basketball都是些日;疃,故day为正确选项。

6C。take a walk, play basketball这些活动很有必要在学习之余进行,故选need。

7B。根据文意,休息之后, 应重新返回到学习上, 而不是才开始学习, 故选return。

8A。由句中的than可知应选比较级;根据文意,锻炼身体后, 身体应更加强壮, 故选stronger。

9A。say强调说的内容;guess表猜测;talk指交谈;know指知道。这里强调说的内容,故选say。

10B。根据最后一句“effects will come just like Chinese medicine”以及文意可知come为正确选项。

24

Mr. Green was ill and went to the hospital. A doctor __1__ and said, “Well, Mr. Green, you are going to __2__ some injections, and you’ll feel much better. A nurse will come __3__ give you the first one this evening, and then you’ll __4__ get another one tomorrow evening.” __5__ a young nurse came to Mr. Green’s bed and said to him, “I am going to give you your __6__ injection now, Mr. Green. Where do you want it?”

The old man was __7__. He looked at the nurse for a __8__, then he said, “__9__ has ever let me choose that before. Are you really going to let me choose now?”

“Yes, Mr. Green,” the nurse answered. She was in a hurry. “Where do you want it?”

“Well, then,” the old man answered __10__ “I want it in your left arm, please.”

1. A. looked for him                          B. looked him over

C. looked after him                       D. looked him up

2. A. get                     B. give                 C. make                     D. hold

3. A. so              B. but                  C. or                   D. and

4. A. must        B. can                  C. had better              D. have to

5. A. In the morning                          B. In the afternoon

C. In the end                                 D. In the evening

6. A. first         B. one              C. two               D. second

7. A. confident    B. surprised         C. full                D. hungry

8. A. hour           B. minutes          C. year                 D. moment

9. A. Somebody B. Anybody         C. Nobody          D. people

10. A. with a smile                                   B. in time

C. in surprise                                D. with tears in his eyes 

名师点评

这是一篇笑话,格先生在医院看病时需要打点滴,当护士让他选择身体的一个部位时,他却借题发挥,选了护士的左臂。

答案简析

1.      B。look for sb/sth 意为寻找……;look after sb 意为照料……;look up sb意为看望……;而look over sb意为检查某人,最贴近文意,为正确选项。  

2.      A。医生要对格林先生进行注射,格林先生是动作的接受者,故应选get。

3.      D?瞻撞糠智懊I come 和后面的give形成承接关系,所以应用 and连接。

4.      D。must 不可以用于将来时,根据文章意思,应选have to。

5.      D。与上文this evening相对应,In the evening应为正确选项。

6.      A。one 填入空白部分显得画蛇添足,根据上下文这是第一次注射,应用first。

7.      B。老人对护士的提问应感到surprised, 因为下文提到从来没人问过他这样的问题。

8.      D。对护士的提问, 老人思考了一会儿, 故应选moment。

9.      C。老人感到奇怪, 是因为没有人问过这样的问题, 故应选nobody。

10.  A。老人想捉弄一下这个小护士。按常理, 应是带着微笑取笑她, 故应选with a smile。

25

Today was a very important day. France played __1__ Senegal (塞内加尔) in the opening match of the World Cup. Soccer fans were very __2__ watching the match on TV. To our great surprise, France was __3__.

Today football has become very __4__ in China after a __5__ wait. “China is in the World Cup for the first time, __6__ we should support them!” Said some people. In our school many students enjoy __7__ it. My __8__ and I often go to the football field after class.

This afternoon there was a __9__ football match in our school. __10__ team played against No.1 Middle School. __11__ they were all very big and strong, it was a __12__ game between the two teams with the result 0-0 last time. Today our school played much __13__.

In the first half of the match __14__ team kicked a goal, but in the second, Li Ming from our school kicked a goal. We won 1-0, at last. I’m so __15__. I can’t get to sleep tonight.

1.    A. with          B. against     C. to                   D. at

2. A. good at      B. pleased to C. interested in     D. boring in

3. A. beaten               B. knocked C. fought             D. hit

4. A. welcome     B. popular    C. useful             D. usual

5. A. 44-day               B. 44-week        C. 44-month              D. 44-year

6. A. or            B. but           C. so                   D. yet

7. A. buying       B. playing     C. drinking                D. looking

8. A. students              B. teachers   C. classmates             D parents

9. A. happy         B. wonderful        C. funny             D. famous

10. A. Their         B. Her          C. Your              D. Our

11. A. Because  B. And         C. As                 D. Though

12. A. mistake     B. luck         C. draw            D. game

13. A. better               B. well                C. vest                      D. worse

14. A. neither              B. either              C. both                      D. none

15. A. lucky      B. pleased  C. unhappy                D. worried

名师点评

本人介绍了世界杯首场比赛的结果,表达了中国队进入世界杯引起的兴奋之情,讲述了足球在中国的发展情况。

答案简析

1. B。固定结构 play against sb. 意为……进行比赛。

2. C。be good at 意为擅长于……;be pleased to 后面应接动词原形;D项说法和意思都不对;be interested in 意为……感兴趣,符合文意,为正确选项。

3. A。beat sb. 意为击败某人,符合文意,为正确选项。 

4. B。事实说明,足球在中国越来越流行,故选popular。

5. D。大家都知道,这次等待的时间应为44年,故选 D。

6. C。两句的意思形成因果关系,所以应用so来引导结果状语从句。

7. B。play football 意为踢足球。

8. C。按常理,放学后,和我一起踢足球的应是同学,故选classmates。

9. B。通读下文,这是一场紧张但以我方胜利而告终的足球赛,比赛刺激精彩,应选wonderful 。

10. D。根据文章,比赛是在我们城队和另一支城队之间进行,故选our。

11. D。分析句子,前一句是后一句的让步状语从句,故应选Though。

12. C。根据上半场00的比分可知上半场以平局告终,故选draw 。

13. A。从文中可知,我对我队的表现非常满意,且much常用来修饰比较级,故选择better。

14. A。neither表示两者都不,either表示两者中的任意一个,both表示两者都,none表示三者或三者以上都不。上半场双方没有进球,故选neither。.

15. B。我队获胜,我当然很高兴,故选pleased。

26

The computer is fast, and never makes a mistake, while people are too slow, and full of mistakes sometimes. That’s __1__ people often say when __2__ talk about computers. For over a quarter of a century, scientists have been __3__ better and better computers. Now a computer can __4__ a lot of __5__ jobs wonderfully. It is __6__ used in factories, hospitals, post offices and airports. A computer can report, decide and control in almost __7__ field. Many computer scientists are thinking of __8__ the computer “think” like a man. With the help of a person, a computer can __9__ pictures, write music, talk with people, play chess, recognize voices, translate languages and so on. Perhaps computers will __10__ really think and feel. Do you think the people will be afraid __11__ they find that the computer is too clever to listen to and serve the people? No, people will __12__ better use of the computers in __13__ future. Man is __14__ the master of the computer. The computer works only __15__ the help of man. It cannot take the place of man.

1. A. that                     B. what         C. how          D. why

2. A. we               B. they          C. you           D. people

3. A. loving           B. taking        C. making      D. thinking

4. A. have             B. get            C. do            D. offer

5. A. everyday             B. every day  C. each day   D. some day

6. A. widely          B. wide         C. great         D. deeply

7. A. either           B. all             C. both          D. every

8. A. producing     B. ordering    C. making      D. building

9. A. take                    B. look at             C. draw         D. put

10.A. one day             B. a day        C. any day     D. the other day

11.A. when           B. that           C. how          D. while

12.A. chose          B. get            C. take          D. make

13.A. a                 B. an             C. the           D. /

14.A. often           B. never        C. always             D. sometimes

15.A. with            B. under        C. by             D. for

名师点评

本文讲述了电脑在人类工作与生活等方面起着越来越大的作用,并告诉人们不必担心不断发展的电脑会威胁人类的安全,因为它永远处于人类的操纵之中。

答案简析

1B。这里需要一个表语从句的引导词,并在从句中作say的宾语,代替上文的内容。 what从意思和语法上都合乎文意,为正确选项。

2B。替代前文的people应用they。

3C?蒲Ъ颐且恢痹谥圃煸嚼丛胶玫牡缒,故选择making。

4C。do a lot of jobs意思为干许多事情。其余三个动词皆不合文意。

5A。词组every day意思为每天;some day指将来的某一天;形容词everyday意思为日常的,合乎文意,为正确选项。

6A。这里应选择一个副词,表示电脑应用的程度。widely意思是广泛地,为正确选项。

7D。下文中的field是可数名词单数形式,意思为领域,而either指两者中的任意一个,不合文意,故选择every。

8C。make作使役动词时,后面应接不定式的复合结构,且不定式省去to,即make sb. do sth.,故选择make。

9C。draw意思为画图,合乎文意。

10A。the other day指过去的某一天;one day既可指过去的某一天,也可指将来的某一天。这里讲的是将来的设想,故选one day。

11A。这是一个时间状语从句。while引导的从句中的动词必须是延续性动词;when引导的从句中,动词既可以是延续性动词,也可以是瞬间动词,故when为正确选项。

12D。固定结构make use of意思为利用。

13C。in the future意思为将来,为正确选项。而in future意思为今后,不合文意。

14C。根据上下文,电脑是不可能取代人类的,而人类应永远是电脑的操纵者,故选always。

15A。固定结构with the help of意思为……的帮助下。

27

It was very cold that day. It was __1__ heavily and the ground was covered with __2__ snow. The shepherd thought it was dangerous to __3__ the hill and it was difficult for the sheep to find some __4__ there. So he decided to stay in the __5__ room. He put some hay(干草) in a pen(围栏) __6__ the sheep could eat it when they were __7__. The dog, who felt cold outside, lay on the __8__ hay and soon went to sleep.
    At noon the sheep wanted to eat the hay. They were __9__ afraid of the dog and __10__ could get close to it. At last the __11__ sheep came to the hay. Before he started to eat, the dog heard it and opened his eyes. He barked(
) loudly to __12__ him. The sheep ran away __13__. Looking at the unnatural(不近人情的) dog, the sheep began to talk __14__.
    “What a selfish(
自私的) dog!” said one of the sheep. “He cannot eat the hay, and yet refuses to __15__ those who can to eat!”
1. A. raining          B. snowing           C. blowing            D. shining

2. A. thick           B. thin                 C. beautiful          D. big
3. A. play on         B. live on              C. climb up                  D. go to

4. A. cake           B. grass                      C. fruit                 D. vegetables 
5. A. cold                    B. cool                 C. hot                   D. warm

6. A. in order to   B. so as to           C. so that            D. in order
7. A. hungry          B. sick                  C. full                   D. free
8. A. hard             B. soft                  C. thin                  D. wet

9. A. both            B. either                     C. all                   D. neither
10. A. none          B. neither              C. any                         D. some
11. A. smallest             B. youngest                 C. weakest                  D. strongest
12. A. meet          B. greet                C. warn                D. receive

13. A. easily               B. happily            C. sadly                      D. quickly
14. A. angrily        B. happily                    C. quietly              D. politely
15. A. let              B. ask                  C. forget               D. allow

名师点评

本篇是一个寓言故事,说的是一只牧羊犬,因为天冷,就睡在牧羊人给羊吃的干草上。结果,羊吃不着草,感到非常生气,他们认为狗太自私,自己又不能吃草,还不让能吃草的吃。

答案简析

1.      B。从下文可知天是在下雪。

2.      A。上文说天在下着大雪,所以地上应该被覆盖着厚厚的雪。

3.      C?赡苡型Щ嵫go to the hill,但比较climb up the hill,后者更符合常理。意为在这种天气下爬上山是很危险的。

4.      B。根据常理,羊在那儿也很难找到草。

5.      D。天冷,牧羊人就想呆在温暖的房间里。英语里一般不用hot room。

6.      C。后面是一个完整的句子,所以不可以用in order toso as to。so that意为以便,后面得跟一个完整的句子。

7.      A。全句意为牧羊人把干草放在围栏里以便羊在饿的时候能吃。

8.      B。躺在软草上,用soft最恰当。

9.      C。羊都很害怕狗。三者以上的都只有用all。

10.  A。没有一只羊能接近它。

11.  D。最终也只有最强壮的羊敢上前去。小的、弱的哪有这个胆量?

12.  C。狗大声叫,是想警告羊。绝不是去问候它。

13.  D。羊只好赶紧离开,其他副词都不妥当。

14.  A。不敢去吃草,只好私下里很气愤地谈论。

15.  D。本句可能有同学会选let,但注意后面有to eat ,没有let sb. to do sth的说法.,但是有allow sb to do sth.,意为但还不允许能吃的去吃(草)。

28

Mr. and Mrs. Harris had always spent their summer holidays in a small hotel at the seaside near their hometown. One year, however(然而) , Mr. Harris made a lot of   1   in his business,   2   they decided to go to a foreign country and stay at a really good   3  .

They flew to Rome, and   4   at a 5-star hotel late in the evening. They thought they would have to go to bed hungry, because in that   5    hotel where they had been used to stay in the past, no meals were served (供应)   6   seven in the evening. They were   7   to be told that the hotel served dinner until ten.

“Then what are the times   8   meals?” asked Mrs. Harris.

“Well, madam, we serve breakfast from seven to eleven, lunch from twelve to three,   9   from four to five, and dinner from six to ten.”

“But that hardly   10   any time for us to see the city!” said Mrs. Harris.

1. A. mistakes              B. time         C. friends            D. money

2. A. but             B. so           C. though           D. yet

3. A. hotel          B. place               C. city                       D. restaurant

4. A. stayed       B. got                C. arrived           D. reached

5. A. small          B. big          C. foreign                 D. good

6. A. on              B. after               C. during            D. until

7. A. tired            B. interested        C. surprised               D. worried

8. A. with            B. on           C. at                   D. of

9. A. drink           B. tea           C. beer                      D. food

10. A. takes       B. does      C. has                 D. leaves

名师点评

哈里斯很少住星级宾馆,一次在罗马旅行时住进了一家五星级宾馆,因为对宾馆提供的服务不胜了解,结果闹出了笑话。

答案简析

1D。根据下文,哈里斯夫妇出国旅游并住进高级宾馆,说明他们赚了很多钱。故选money。

2B。made a lot of money与下文go to a foreign country构成因果关系, 故选so。

3A。与下文他们住进a 5-star hotel相对应,这里应选择hotel。

4C。表示到达目的地,reach可直接接宾语, get应加介词to, arrive为不接物动词,后应加介词inat才能接宾语,所以arrive为正确选项。

5A。根据文章的第一句,以前他都是住的small hotel,这里应选small。

6B。onduring都不能与seven连用。他们估计要挨饿,说明在以前住的宾馆里7点以后不可能有饭菜供应。故应选择after。

7C。有人告知饭菜供应会持续到十点时,他们理应感到surprised。

8D。of常用来表示所有关系,the times of the meals表示每顿饭的供应时间。

9B。根据西方人的生活习性,宾馆一般不会在一段时间只供应啤酒,下午喝茶比较合乎常理。故选tea。

10D。哈里斯以为从早到晚都得在吃饭或喝茶,几乎没有剩余时间观光旅游了,leave表示剩下,遗留,为正确选项。

29

Friends are very important in our everyday life. Everyone   1__   friends. We all like to feel close to someone. __2__ is nice to have a friend to talk, laugh, and do things with.   3  , sometimes we need to be alone. We don’t always want people   4  . But we would feel lonely if we __5__ had a friend.

No two people are   6  . Friends   7   don’t get on well. That doesn’t mean that they no longer like each other. Most of the time they will make up (言归于好) and become   8   again.

Sometimes friends move away. Then we feel very   9  . We miss them very much, but we can   10   them and write to them. And we can   __11   new friends. It is encouraging to find out how much we like new people when we get to know them.

There’s more good news for people who have friends. They live   __12__ than people who don’t. Why? Friends can make us feel happy. __13__ happy helps you stay well. Or it could be just done that someone cares. If some one cares about you, you take   14   care of   15  .

1.    A. loves               B. hates               C. needs                     D. becomes

2.   A. It           B. He          C. There            D. Someone

3.   A. Hardly     B. Nearly         C. Suddenly               D. Certainly

4.   A. alone           B. away       C. all over          D. around

5.   A. ever         B. never     C. just               D. really

6.   A. friendly  B. kind               C. just the same   D. quite different

7    A. always     B. sometimes       C. often            D. usually

8.   A. friendly         B. good       C. pleased           D. friends

9.   A. angry     B. sad     C. happy           D. alone

10.        A. call        B. ask                C. tell                  D. talk with

11.        A. look for   B. find          C. make                 D. know

12.        A. longer              B. shorter    C. slower           D. faster

13.        A. Smelling         B. Being     C. Sounding               D. Making

14.        A. less        B. better     C. little              D. no

15.        A. you        B. your            C. yours         D. yourself

名师点评

本文讲述了朋友在人一生中扮演着重要角色。和朋友一起谈天说地,一起做事,不仅使我们远离寂寞,增添生活情趣,而且也使我们的身心更加健康。

答案简析

1C。根据上文,friends are very important. 可以知道每个人都需要朋友, 故选needs。

2A。这里应用it做形式主语,代替后面真正的主语,即to have a friend。

3D。一方面我们需要和朋友在一起,另一方面我们也需要独处,根据句意,应该选certainly。

4D。根据上一句we need to be alone,可以知道我们有时也不希望周围一直有人相伴,故选around。

5B。根据句意,没有朋友的情况下会感到孤独。故选never。

6C。根据句意,世界上没有两个人是相同的,故选just the same。

7B。既然人与人之间总有不同之处,所以朋友有时也会有矛盾,故选sometimes。

8D。根据上半句they will make up可以知道产生分歧的朋友也会和好如初。故选friends。

9B。根据语境,朋友离开应是很难过的事情。故选sad。

10A。根据常识,思念朋友时,我们可以通过打电话和写信来和朋友联络, 故选call。

11C。make friends为固定结构,意思是交朋友。

12A。根据上句中“good news”, 可以知道这里应该是长寿,又因为句中有than, 可以知道应填比较级,故选longer。

13B。根据题意,心情好,有助于身体健康。这里用动名词短语充当主语,happy是形容词,前面应添上be动词,故选 being 。

14B。根据题意,如果别人关心你,你就会加倍珍惜自己,故选better。

15D。根据题意,这里表示自己照顾自己,故选yourself 。

30

Suppose(假设) you are going to Boston, and you   1   the city

before. If someone   2   you about the interesting places in the city, you   __3   to get some ideas of what you will see. But don’t have a  4__    idea of where these places are or of how to find   5  . However,   6__   someone has a map of the city and   7   you the main roads and buildings, you may say, “ Oh, now I see . I can find my way with   8__   trouble at all ”. Working in math is somewhat(有点儿) like trying to find your way   9   a new city. Perhaps the words may tell you some      information and you have   10   it, but you can’t see any clear road   11   the answers.

Maybe you   12   a kind of map of the main roads in maths  13__   you find your way. Explore(探究)what lies in maths, and   14   to find

the main roads. They will   15   you to the answer. If you can find the “map”, the maths problems will be easily worked out.

1. A. are going to visit                B. once visited          

C. have never visited            D. have ever visit

2. A. answers              B. shows              C. meets        D. tells

3. A. begin            B. like           C. learn         D. refuse

4. A. clever           B. clear         C. strange      D. wrong

5. A. someone             B. Boston           C. them               D. it

6. A. if                  B. though              C. whether    D. since

7. A. helps            B. gives         C. passes             D. shows

8. A. not         B. no         C. some      D. much

9. A. of                B. to             C. in             D around

10. A. thought over                           B. heard about

C. written down                            D talked with

11. A. with           B. for           C. of            D to

12. A. need to have     B. don’t need       C needn’t             D. in need of

13. A. help          B. to help             C. helps               D help with

14. A. try your best                           B. take your place

C. look up                           D walk on

15. A. keep         B. send         C. lead         D. ask

名师点评

       文章以在陌生的城市找名胜为例,说明了解决数学最重要的是先找出一条通往答案的路径。

答案简析

1C。下文表明:你要去的是一个一点儿都不熟悉的城市,说明以前没有去过。故选have never visited。

2D。show意为带领某人参观某地向某人展示某物;tell sb. about sth. 意为告诉某人关于……的情况。根据下文可知tell为正确选项。

3A。文章表明:听了别人的介绍后,你对城市的名胜开始有了一些初步的印象。故选begin。

4B。根据文意,你对名胜的概况只是听说而已,对名胜的具体位置及如何找到所指的名胜不太清楚。故选clear。

5C。指代上文出现的interesting places应用them。

6A。根据句意,前半句是后半句的条件状语从句,应用if引导。

7D。show sb. sth.意为……给某人看,合符文意,为正确选项。

8B。根据地图上的位置,你会毫不费力地找到想去的地方。故选no。

9B。本文是讲如何在一个陌生的城市里找到目的地,而不是找去某个城市的路。故选in。

10A。做数学题时,你肯定要对题目中所给的信息进行思考。故应选thought over。

11D。the road to the answers意为解决问题的路径,to为正确选项。

12A。根据上文列举的根据地图找名胜的例子可知,做数学题目也需要地图。故应选need to have。

13B。这里应该用动词不定式to help you find your way作目的状语才合符句意。

14A。try one’s best to do sth.意思是尽某人最大的努力去做某事,为正确选项。

15C。“lead sb. to某地意思是引导某人到达某地。

31

Several years ago I studied in a university in the biggest city in our country. It’s beautiful but it’s hot in __1__. So I usually returned to my hometown when my __2__ began. It is not big, but it’s cool and quiet. I could __3__ in the daytime and have a good sleep at night.

One day I had some __4__ to solve. But I didn’t take the dictionaries home. My father told me Charlie, one of my __5__, had a good library. I went to his house at once. We didn’t see each other after I __6__ middle school. At first he didn’t recognize me. He __7__ me up and down. And then he called out, “Oh, dear! It’s you, Fred!”

Of course we were __8__ to meet each other again and talked a lot about our schoolmates and __9__. Later on he showed me around his library. It wasn’t big but there were a lot of nice books in it. And the dictionaries I __10__ were in them too. At last I said, “__11__ you lend some dictionaries to me, please?”

“I’m sorry I don’t lend any books to __12__,” said the young man.

“Are you afraid I’ll __13__ them?”

“No, I’m not. I’m afraid you won’t __14__ them to me. Look! All the books are not __15__, but borrowed!”

1.      A. spring              B. summer     C. autumn      D. winter

2.      A. birthday     B. Saturday   C. Sunday     D. holiday

3.      A. study         B. play          C. rest           D. run

4.      A. words        B. sentences  C. problems  D. stories

5.      A. brothers     B. sisters              C. aunts         D. classmates

6.      A. finished      B. heard        C. saw          D. met

7.      A. lifted          B. carried             C. looked             D. pulled

8.      A. angry         B. happy              C. worried     D. sad

9.      A. doctors             B. teachers    C. workers    D. drivers

10.  A. looked for  B. read          C. wrote        D. looked at

11.  A. Need         B. Must         C. May         D. Can

12.  A. other          B. the other   C. others              D. another

13.  A. lose           B. sell            C. throw        D. know

14.  A. pay            B. return        C. use           D. look after

15.  A. made         B. picked             C. won          D. bought

名师点评

这篇短文主要讲了Charlie家里有许多藏书,却没有一本是自己买的,所以他从不借书给别人,因为他怕别人都和他一样。本题的不少答案只从缺空所在句子的语意和语法是无法确定的,解题是要联系上下文及一般常识进行推理。

答案简析

1.      B。hot应该指的是夏天的天气情况。

2.      D。大学生暑假回家度假。

3.      A。学生暑假应该不忘学习。

4.      C。solve problems意为解决问题。

5.      D。根据下文可得知。

6.      A。finish middle school表示中学毕业。

7.      C。look sb. up and down表示上下打量某人,这时look用作及物动词。

8.      B。老同学相见自然是高兴。

9.      B。同学之间谈论的主要对象一般应该是同学和老师。

10.  A。根据上下文得知正在寻找一本字典。

11.  D。这里指征求别人的意见,故用can。

12.  C。泛指其他人,故用复数。

13.  A。以为他怕我把书弄丢,所以不借。

14.  B。根据下文得知他的书都是借的,所以他不愿借给我,怕我也象他一样借书不还。

15.  D。这些书都不是买的,而是借的。

32

   Mr. Wang teaches English in a middle school. He likes his work very much. He wanted   1   a teacher even when he was a young boy.

There are six classes in a school day at Mr. Wang's middle school. Mr. Wang teachers five of these six classes.   2   his "free" hour from 2 to 3 in the afternoon, Mr. Wang   3   meet with parents, check students' homework and   4   many other things. So Mr. Wang works hard from the moment he gets to school early in the morning until he leaves for home late in the afternoon, and his "free" hour is not free at all.

In his English lesson, Mr. Wang sometimes teaches poems (). He likes poems very much, and he likes Li Bai’s poems   5   of all.

In his fifth class today, Mr. Wang taught a poem. He wrote the poem on the blackboard and read it. As soon as he finished     6   the poem, the students began to ask questions. He answered all the questions. Then he asked his students to talk about the poem.   7   one wanted to stop when the bell rang.    

  8   home, Mr. Wang thought about the fifth class. He was happy about what he did as a teacher. Every one of his students   9    the poem. When they started to talk, they forgot about the time. He did not have to make them   10  . He only had to answer their questions and help them understand the poem.

1. A. was       B. being         C. to be         D. be

2. A. In          B. At             C. To            D. On

3. A. has to    B. has            C. able to      D. will

4. A. take care for              B. care of            

C. take care of               D. be careful of

5. A. better    B. good         C. well          D. best

6. A. reading  B. to read      C. read          D. doing

7. A. Not       B. No            C. Have no    D. Any

8. A. By the way                 B. To his way      

C. On his way                D. In the way

9. A. liked     B. asked        C. had           D. wanted

10. A. learning                    B. to learn    

C. learn                        D. leant 

名师点评

Mr. Wang是一位英语老师,他热心于教育,忙于教学,工作负责,课堂上善于启发学生回答问题,讨论问题。即使在回家的途中,仍沉浸在课堂活跃气氛的回忆中。

答案简析

1. C。语法结构 want后面跟不定式。

2. B。时间点后面跟介词at。

3. A。has to意思是不得不,必须。这里引出所要做的事。

4. C。固定短语。

5. D。此句后面有 at all这一比较范围,故用最高级。

6. A。finish后面跟动名词。

7. B?翁蒙涎腔⒀,没有人想停下来。

8. C。on one’s way home意思是在回家的路上。

9. A。学生受老师的影响也开始爱诗歌了。

10. C。语法结构:make sb.do sth。

33

Many animals use some kinds of “language”. They use signals(信号) and the signals have meanings. For example, __1   a bee has found some food, it goes   2   its home.   3    is difficult for a bee to tell   __4   bees where the food is speaking to them, but it can do a little dancing. This tells the bees where the food is and   5   it is.

Some animals show   6   they feel by making sounds. It is not difficult to tell if a dog is angry because it barks. Birds make several different sounds and   7   has its meaning. Sometimes we humans make sounds in the same way. We make sounds like “Oh” to   8   how we feel about __9__ or we   10   something on our feet.

We humans have languages. We have words. These words have meaning of things, action, feeling or ideas. We are able to __11__ each other information, to tell other people   12   we think or we feel. By writing down words, we can remember what has happened or   13   messages to people far away.

Languages, like people, live and die. If a language is not used by people, it is called a dead language. This language cannot live and grow because   14   speaks it.

A living language, of course, is often spoken by people today. It grows and changes with time. New words are created, and some old words have   15   meanings.

1. A. because             B. since                      C. when              D. as

2. A. out of                B. back from        C. away from      D. back to

3. A. It        B. This              C. That       D. He

4. A. each other   B. another                C. the other D. others

5. A. how long    B. how far away   C. how many       D. how old

6. A. why        B. which             C. how       D. what

7. A. each                    B. every             C. all         D. some

8. A. show       B. say               C. talk        D. speak

9. A. everything        B. something               C. nothing          D. anything

10. A. put                    B. drop             C. fall                D. set

11. A. give             B. put              C. show      D. take

12. A. that             B. which                  C. what      D. why

13. A. send     B. bring                  C. push      D. get

14. A. someone         B. no one                C. anyone    D. everyone

15. A. new       B. right               C. real       D. good

名师点评

这则短文讲述的是语言的重要性。无论是何种语言,只要不使用,它将死亡。

答案简析

1C。表示……的时候。

2D。蜜蜂发现食物会返回蜂窝,通知其它蜜蜂。

3A。形式主语。

4C。the other bees其它的蜜蜂。

5B。蜜蜂通过跳舞告诉同伴物源有多远。

6C。how作状语修饰feel。

7A。根据谓语动词has应选each.。each指代的是可数名词sound,所以不能用allsome,而every是形容词,不能做主语。

8A。用语言来表示自己的感觉,故选show。

9B。

10B。ouch表示疼痛,故推测是东西砸到了脚上。Fall是不及物动词,故不选。

11A。

12C。think为及物动词,这里whatthink宾语。

13A。send messages为固定搭配,表示发送信息。

14B。根据文意,一种语言如果没人使用,就会灭亡。

15A。旧词新意。

34

It’s never easy to admit(承认) you are in the wrong. We all __1__ to know the art of apology. Think how often you’ve done wrong. Then count how many __2__ you’ve expressed clearly you were __3__. You can’t go to bed with an easy mind if you do __4__ about it.

A doctor friend, Mr. Lied, told me about a man who came to him with different kinds of signs: headaches, heart __5__ and insomnia (失眠). __6__ some careful exams, Mr. Lied found nothing ___7__ with him and said, “If you don’t tell me what’s __8__ you, I can’t help you.” The man admitted he was cheating his brother of his inheritance(遗产). Then and there the __9__ doctor __10__ the man write to his brother and __11__ his money. As soon as the __12__ was put into the post box, the man suddenly cried. “Thank you,” he said to the doctor, “I think I’ve got __13__.”

An apology can not only save a broken relationship(关系) but also make it __14__. If you can think of someone who should be __15__ an apology from you. Do something about it right now.

1. A. decide          B. have          C. need         D. try

2. A. mistakes      B. people     C. ways               D. times

3. A. sorry           B. weak              C. sad          D. wrong

4. A. something  B. anything   C. nothing     D. everything

5. A. trouble               B. matter      C. illness       D. problem

6. A. Before               B. After               C. Till           D. Since

7. A. well             B. wrong      C. good               D. bad

8. A. hurling         B. changing   C. touching   D. worrying

9. A. clever          B. silly          C. good               D. kind

10. A. made               B. helped      C. saw         D. let

11. A. returned    B. gave         C. kept         D. paid

12. A. paper               B. box          C. money     D. letter

13. A. better               B. well          C. sick         D. worse

14. A. never               B. worse      C. stronger   D. harder

15. A. given         B. received   C. known     D. forgotten

名师点评

这是一篇关于学会如何道歉的短文,它提醒人们要学会认识自己的错误,并能够为自己的错误道歉。做不到这一点会造成自己心理上的压力,甚至带来疾病。

答案解析

1.  C。这里指的是人们有必要了解道歉这门艺术。

2.  D。times这里表示次数。

3.  A。根据上文,承认错误决非易事,道歉更是一门艺术,此时作者是建议读者计算一下有过多少次是能清楚地表达自己的歉意的,所以选sorry。

4.  C。如果你对自己的错误什么也不去做, 你睡觉也不会睡得好。

5.   A。这里表示心脏有毛病。

6.   B。

7.    B。nothing wrong 表明这个人生理没有任何问题, 看下文就可以知道这一点。

8.   D。

9.   A。这是一名很聪明的医生, 所以他提出了下面一个方法。

10. D。made 具有强制性的意思, 故选let sb. do sth..好。

11. A。上文得知这人骗了哥哥的遗产, 所以还了他所欠的钱才能治好他的心病。

12. D。根据后面的post box可以得知这里是指寄出了那封信。

13. B。这个人其实没有病, 所以在解决了心理问题后,他一下子觉得好了, 而不是好转, 故选well 而不是better。

14. C。道歉不仅可以挽救破碎的人际关系, 还可以增强人与人之间的联系。harder指的是具体事物的坚硬”, 故此处不当。

15. A。give sb. an apology意为向某人道歉。

35

Mr. and Mrs. king have lived in our town for nearly twenty years. They have a bookshop by the bus station. They’re __1__ to everybody and have a lot of friends. They often __2__ the poor students and sell them some books cheaply. So there’re many young men in their shop. Of course people __3__ them and their friends often call on (拜访) them and __4__ them. We can always hear their rooms are full of __5__ and quarrel.

It was a Friday evening. Mr. and Mrs. King were going to have a picnic on the island the next __6__. It was a little far from our town. So they had to __7__ earlier than usual to catch a six o’clock train. After __8__ a few friends came to see them while they were cooking some __9__ and drinks for the picnic. Mr. king and his wife had to stop __10__ them. They talked a lot and few of them looked at the __11__ on the wall. Mr. and Mrs. King were anxious (焦急) but they couldn’t tell the visitors about it. The woman thought for a few __12__ and had an idea. She said to her __13__, “Oh, it’s eleven o’clock! You’d better stop talking, dear! Our guests are anxious to __14__!

Mr. king heard this and stood up and said __15__ to the visitors and they left soon.

1. A. had                     B. polite        C. cold                D. careful;

2. A. help                  B. hurt           C. hit                    D. watch

3. A. know           B. understand       C. meet                D. like

4. A. play with             B. fight with   C. talk with           D. catch up with

5. A. cry               B. shout     C. noise                D. laugh 

6. A. morning        B. afternoon  C. evening               D. laugh

7. A. go to work   B. get up              C. go to sleep              D. open the shop

8. A. breakfast             B. lunch         C. supper                    D. meal

9. A. clothes         B. bags          C. books                     D. food

10. A. receive              B. to receive  C. receiving          D. to accept

11. A. phone         B. photo        C. clock               D. picture

12. A. minutes             B. days          C. weeks                     D. months

13. A. visitor         B. husband    C. brother            D. father

14. A. go home     B. go to bed  C. go shopping    D. have a rest      

15. A. hello           B. goodbye C. sorry                D. nothing

名师点评

这是一则委婉地谢绝客人的故事, 这也是我们平时很容易遇到的事。

答案简析

1. B。根据下文have a lot of friends可以推断他们待人友好(friendly)。

2. A。他们帮助穷困的学生。

3. D。根据上文得知,别人都很喜欢他们。

4. C。talk with 表示聊天。

5. D。他们的家里总是充满了欢笑。

6. A。根据下文他们要赶早班车得知是早上。

7. B。为了赶早班车他们不得不早起,故选get up。

8. C。这是一个星期五的晚上,故是晚饭后。

9. D。他们正在为第二天的野餐准备食物和饮料。

10. B。停下(手中的事)来做某事,用stop to do sth.,另外receive sb. 表示接待某人。

11. C。他聊得很尽兴,以致于忘了时间,也就是忘了看墙上的钟。

12. A。这里指很短的时间。

13. B。

14. A。表示时间已经不早了,客人们肯定着急要回家了。

15. C。丈夫向客人道歉,表示是自己忘了时间,这样客人就不会尴尬了。

36

Martin Henfield talks about some of his experience(经历) as a twin: when we were small my mother dressed us __1_  the same clothes. That was bad enough and we didn’t like it. But we went on our first camping trip, it was even __2__. We were only ten years old, and while __3_  went into their sleeping bags for the  _4__, we were not happy to snuggle(偎依) inside a double sleeping bag my mother made for us.

At school our classmates __5__us Henfield One and Henfield Two, so people ___6__ even see our difference according to our initials  because __7__ of us were M.O. It was only when I went to  _8___ and began to have my own friends that I started to feel my own freedom of identity(身份).

Before I went to college, during my secondary school __9__, I __10__ to a job on a building site. My twin brother, Mike Henfield, didn’t work. One day I asked my boss, “Can I have a week  _11__?”  “Certainly,” he said, “but you won’t have the job when you   12__ back.” I didn’t want to __13__ the job. So on Monday morning, Mike went there   in my  _14__, jacket and hat and he worked for me for one week __15___ of them knew the difference.

1. A. in                B. for                  C. on           D. with

2. A. badder               B. worse             C. good               D. better

3. A. all boys                                          B. another boy     

C. all the other boys                      D. all the boys

4. A. day          B. holiday            C. night               D. mid-night

5. A. called          B. knew                     C. told          D. made

6. A. didn’t          B. needn’t           C. mustn’t    D. couldn’t

7. A. very            B. each                C. both         D. all

8. A. middle school      B. college             C. high school       D. school

9. A. holidays      B. week                     C. weekend D. holiday

10. A. received    B. got                  C. find          D. made

11. A. off             B. free                 C. on            D. back

12. A. came         B. will get            C. got           D. are

13. A. miss          B. lose                 C. lost          D. losing

14. A. coat          B. shirt                C. shoes              D. trousers

15. A. None               B. Nobody          C. All           D. Each

名师点评

这是一则关于双胞胎的故事, 说明了作为双胞胎既有他们苦恼的一面, 也有乐趣的一面. 在做这则完型填空时, 只要抓住双胞胎非常相像这一特点, 就很容易理解其中发生的事情了。

答案解析

1. A。给某人穿(衣服)应为dress sb. in。

2. B 根据下文可知野营中的情况比平时更糟糕.。

3. C。the other加名词复数表示剩余的所有的人。

4. C。睡袋应用于夜间。

5. A。称呼某人……”call sb. …。

6. D。

7. C。根据后面的系动词were, 应用both表复数。

8. B。根据上下文可知, 直到大学, 这种情况才有所改变。

9. D。指中学生涯的最后一个假期。

10. B。找到一份工作可用get/find a job, 但此处应用过去时。

11. A。have a week off 休息一个星期。

12. D。只有D项时态正确。

13. B。

14. D。

15. A。没有一个人看出这时双胞胎交换了一下。B项不可带of。

37

Have you ever seen the advertisement: Learn a foreign language in six weeks,   1   give your money back? Of course, it   2   happens quite like that. The only language   3   to learn is the mother language. And think   4   practice is needed for that. Before the Second World War people usually learned a foreign language   5   the literature(文学) of the country. Now most people want to   6   a foreign language. Every year millions of people start learning   7  .
    How do they do it? Some people try at home   8   books and tapes, others go to evening classes or watch TV programs.   9   they use the language only 2 or 3 times a week, learning it will   10   a long time, like language learning at school. A few people try to learn a language fast by studying for 6 or   11   hours a day. It's much easier to learn the language in the country where it   12  . But most people are   13    to do this, and many people don't have to do so. Machines and good books will be very   14   , but they can not do the students' work.   15   the language is learned quickly or slowly, it is hard work.
1. A. so                B. or                    C. and                  D. but
2. A. can
t               B. impossible        C. never               D. often
3. A. easily          B. difficult             C. able                       D. easy
4. A. how much    B. how long   C. how fast           D. how many
5. A. studied                B. to study     C. studying           D. study
6. A. talk              B. tell                   C. speak              D. say
7. A. them                   B. this            C. that                  D. it
8. A. without         B. with                 C. in                    D. by
9. A. If                B. When               C. Since                     D. Until
10. A. spend               B. use            C. take                       D. cost
11. A. some                B. more         C. other                      D. less
12. A. speaks             B. is speaking  C. spoke                  D. is spoken
13. A. able                 B. possible           C. unable                    D. not possible
14. A. careful              B. forgetful           C. wonderful       D. helpful
15. A. either               B. whether      C. what               D. how

名师点评

本文主要想告诉读者,学英语是一个长期而艰苦的劳动,没有任何捷径可走。无论你用什么方法学习——用书、机器或在学校,不多实践就无法达到预期的目的。

答案简析

1.      B。这里的or否则的意思。

2.      C。根据作者的观点,这种事绝对不可能发生。impossible是一个形容词,不符语法,can’t后不可能跟happens,often意思与作者的意图相反。

3.      D。唯一容易学的语言是母语。这里需要一个形容词充当后置定语。

4.      A。用来修饰不可数名词,只有用how much,全句意为母语好学,还需要那么多的练习。何况外语呢?。

5.      B。动词不定式充当目的状语。意为学习外语来研究文学。

6.      C。说某种语言用speak,speak English,speak Chinese。

7.      D。用it代指上文所说的a foreign language。

8.      B。这里的with的意思。

9.      A。作者在这里提出一种假设。如果他们一星期只有一两次使用外语。

10.  C。固定短语,意为做某事花费某人多长时间。

11.  B。后面省略了than 6 hours。意为6个小时或更多的时间。

12.  D。it 代指上文所指的foreign language,故用被动被态。

13.  C。许多人不可能做到这一点。这里不可以用not possible,因为它的主语不可以用人。

14.  D;骱褪槎杂谘坝⒂锢此凳呛苡邪镏。

15. B。whether …or…固定短语。

38

I have tried many ways to be   1  . I don’t wear a sweater when I   2  , and two days ago I walked in the   3   without my shoes. But so far nothing   4  . Debbie once told me about a boy in her class who liked   5   school. He would rub(摩擦) the end of the thermometer (温度计) until it went   6   to 39℃. Then he’d put it in his mouth and his mother would think he was   7   ill.

This morning I tried doing that but it   8   went above 35℃ and I rubbed it for ten   9  . So I held the thermometer   10   the light on my desk and it went up to 40℃. I thought I’d put it in my mouth and walk downstairs like that.   11   my mother would take it out and she would be   12   when she saw that I was rather ill.

The only trouble was I didn’t know the thermometer would be so   13  , As soon as I put it into my mouth I burnt my tongue(舌头)! I spit () the thermometer out. It fell   14   the floor but it   15  .

1. A . well            B. fine          C. ill             D. bad

2. A . could           B. should             C. must               D. might

3. A . water          B. rain          C. sun          D. wind

4. A . happens     B. happened  C. will happen      D. has happened

5. A . being away from               B. leaving

C. staying at                                D. being out of

6. A . on                     B. down              C. up            D. off

7. A . really           B. real          C. bad          D. badly

8. A . can’t          B. not           C. never        D. didn’t

9. A . seconds      B. hours              C. minutes    D. moments

10. A . near         B. near to     C. next         D. next to

11. A . When        B. Then               C. So           D. If

12. A . worried    B. surprised C. happy      D. frightened

13. A . cold         B. hot           C. warm              D. cool

14. A . off            B. down              C. to            D. on

15. A . didn’t break     B. didn’t broke     C. wasn’t broken D. was broken

名师点评

这是一篇小幽默。一个男孩为了装病,用尽了各种办法想告诉妈妈自己的体温很高,结果差点儿烫伤了自己。

答案解析

1C。根据下文得知,这个小孩就是想让自己生病。

2B。这里应选择情态动词should, 表示在该穿毛衣的时候他不穿, 其实他就是想让自己冻出病来。

3B。跟上两题同解。

4D。so far常与动词的现在完成时连用,表示到目前为止。

5A。leave school表示辍学、毕业离校的动作,be away from school则表示不上学、逃学的状态。

6C。up表示温度上升。

7A。妈妈会认为他真的病了,故选副词really。

8C。其他选项在语法上均错。

9C。根据文意。

10D。next to表示临近、非常接近。

11B。Then是副词,表时间上的顺承。 其他三选项均引导从句, 故不选。

12A。妈妈得知孩子生病, 首先感到担心。

13B。这里表示”, 所以不能选warm。

14D。fall on掉到……”, fall off 是指从某处摔下”, fall down落下。

15C。break及物动词, 与主语构成动宾关系,所以用被动语态形式was broken。

39

Do you know Eskimos (爱斯基摩人)? Let me tell you something about their   1  .

The Eskimos live near the North Pole (北极). There are only two   2   there, winter and summer, There are no spring   3   autumn there. The winter nights are   4  . You can't   5   the sun for more than two months, even at noon. The summer days are long. For more than two months, the sun never   6   and there is no night.

The Eskimos have   7   clothes. They make their clothes from the skin of animals. From these skins they make coats, caps and   8  .

Near the North Pole trees can't grow, for it is too   9   there. The Eskimos   10   make their houses from skins, snow or stones (石头). When they   11   in storm and can't   12   home, they make house of snow. They   13   these snow houses when the storm is   14  .

Life is   15   for the Eskimos, but they still like to live there.

1. A. work          B. life          C. holiday          D. families

2. A. weather     B. seasons         C. months          D. years  

3. A. not                  B. or                 C. and           D. as

4. A. short           B. warm              C. long               D. cold

5. A. see                     B. watch     C. look   D. look at

6. A. rises          B. goes up   C. drops        D. goes down

7. A. beautiful      B. metal       C. warm      D. cool

8. A. goods               B. drinks          C. medicine   D. shoes

9. A. cold                 B. hot                C. dry                D. wet 

10. A. will           B. should      C. never              D. have to

11. A. go out     B. go over         C. keep on        D. get on

12. A. get back    B. got off     C. get on          D. get in

13. A. make               B. leave               C. stay      D. break

14. A. over           B. coming    C. going      D. hard

15. A. easy          B. interesting        C. hard               D. lucky

名师点评

本文介绍了爱斯基摩人的生活情况:爱斯基摩人的特殊生活习惯缘于那儿的特殊气候。

答案简析

1. B。根据下文得知这里介绍的是爱斯基摩人的生活(life)。

2. B。根据wintersummer判断。

3. B。no....or....表示对两者否定。

4. C。由后一句话可推断答案。冬夜很长,几乎看不到太阳,也就是没有白天,这正是北极的气候特征。

5. A。see表示的结果,watchlook都表示的动作。

6. D。夏天白昼长,几乎没有夜晚,太阳从不下山,所以选 go down。

7. C。他们要穿上暖和的衣服才能抵御严寒。

8. D。这里是指用动物皮来做衣服鞋帽。