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2013高考英语短文改错题技巧点拨
来源:本站原创 作者:佚名 发布时间:2014/5/6

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2013高考英语短文改错题技巧点拨

短文改错常见错误类型

1. 谓语动词的错误是历年考试的重点和热点 常见动词错误类型有

  一般现在时与一般过去时错用;     and 前后动词时态不一致;

主谓不一致;                       缺少动词,特别是be动词;

第三人称单数形式错用;             主动语态和被动语态错用。

1 They did not want me to do any work at home; they want me to devote all my time to my studies.did 改为do 错误类型属于

2  As we climbed the mountain, we fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories.

       (visiting 改为 visited错误类型属于)

  3 There will an important game next month.(will后加be错误类型属于)

  4One evening she told me that something happened when her parents was out.( 主谓不一致)

  2. 名词的常见错误

   单复数名词错用;注意区分名词是可数还是不可数;或根据名词前的修饰语或谓语动词的单复数来判断。

    I’ll get good marks in all my subject.subject 改为subjects

  Their word were a great encouragement to me.word 改为words

   Without enough knowledges, you can never teach well.knowledges改为knowledge

 3. 连词错误

   连词包括关系代词、副词,并列连词and/ or/but

(一般考查从句关系 who/ whom/whose/what/which/how/why/when/where/if/whether

I have a good friend who’s name is Liu Mei. (错用了who的所有格形式改为whose)

I teach them, play with them, but watch them growing up.

(此处应该是并列的关系而非转折,but改为 and)

Clever as she is, but she works very hard.

When I was a child, rain was a mystery. In one class, I learned it rained.

  4. 冠词错误

   误用aan(根据单词的因素来判定);误用a the(固定搭配,各自单独使用的地方)

   多余的冠词或则少冠词。

We may be one family and live under a same roof. (a 改为the  the same 是固定搭配)

As everyone knows, it’s     famous mountain with all kinds of pants.

mountain是可数名词需用冠词,所以加 a

My teacher advised me to keep my dairy.

I hope you have pleasant journey.

5. 形容词和副词错误

1) 系动词后用形容词(be/am/is/are/was/were/become/go/感官性动词 smell /feel

2) 词性的误用   形容词修饰名词   修饰 实义动词,形容词和副词,过去分词用副词

I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time together.

time是名词 所以要用形容词wonderful修饰)

My pronunciation was terribly.

  6. 代词错误

   1)代词的主格和宾格(I / me; He/him; She/ her; We/ us ;They/ them

2)反身代词(myself/yourself/himself/herself/themselves/ourselves

3)代词的单数和复数

4)多余的代词和少代词

Soon I began to enjoy talking to myself on paper as I was learning to express me in simple English. (express oneself,  me 改为 myself )

One day I wrote a little story and showed    to my teacher. (it)

If any one of us had any difficulty in our life and study, the other would help him out.

What’s more , you have to be friends with your pupils and take good care of him.

7. 非谓语动词的常见错误

1)不定式,动名词作主语,宾语。

2and 连接的不定式或动名词前后一致(尤其距离较远时),

3)介词后用动名词ving形式作宾语。

4)某些动词后要求接动名词或不定式。

Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper as I was…. (enjoy 后需接动名词 talk--talking)

But his parents think go to college is more important than playing sports.(作主语 改为 going )

Children may not develop the habit of read and the ability to enjoy themselves.

I particularly enjoyed driving through the countryside with you and saw the changing colors of the leaves on the trees.

8. 介词错误

1)词组中的介词误用,2)介词意思理解偏差,3)介词的多用或少用

There are too many people among my family.

among 改为in in my family 为固定搭配)

I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow. (去掉 at

短文改错解题思路和检查原则

1)句中各部分的结构是否完整,特别是每个句子要有动词;

2)谓语动词的时态、语态;

3)非谓语动词的用法;

4)名词的单、复数,格的使用是否正确;

5)定冠词和不定冠词是否正确;

6)代词的格和性的使用是否有误;

7)定语从句中关系代词、副词是否准确无误;

8)并列句中的并列连词、主从复合句中的从属连词用的是否得当。

短文改错解题四原则

1)改动以最少为原则  2)虚词以添加或删除为原则  3)实词以改变词形为原则

4)以保持句子原意为原则

 

第一部分:单项选择

定语从句出题思路预测

先行词 n./pron ---被定语从句修饰的,根据先行词选择连接词

物:which/that//whose     人:who/whom/that/whose

当先行词与连接词后面的名词n存在所属关系时(的)

 

2012定从预测1My friend showed me round the town,       was very kind of him.   

A. which           B. that             C. where             D. it 

2012定从预测2The road conditions there turned out to be very good, ______was more than we could expect.

A.it               B.what             C.which             D.that

2012定从预测3I’ve become good friends with several of the students in my school        ____I met in the English speech contest last year.

  A. who                   B. where            C. when             D. which 

2012定从预测4The settlement is home to nearly 1,000 people, many of       left their village homes for a better life in the city.

A. whom               B. which                  C. them                      D. those

2012定从预测5A person ______ e-mail account is full won’t be able to send or receive any e-mails.

A. who            B. whom            C. whose            D. whoever

2012定从预测6In china, the number of cities is increasing ______development is recognized across the world.

A. where                B. which               C. whose             D. that

2012定从预测7Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from            effects the people are still suffering.

A.that                       B.whose                   C.those                      D.what

 

aswhich均可替代整个主句

在非限制性定语从句中,均可替代整个主句. 如从句在主句之后,两者皆可用;如从句在主句之前,用as。 介词/逗号后, 永远不用that!

They failed in the exam,as/which is natural.

As is known to all,the earth moves around the sun.

      He passed the College Entrance Examination,     made his parents very happy.

      A. as     B. which    C. that     D. it

2012定从预测8_____is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month.
  A. It  
             B. As                C. That               D. What      

比较___is known to everybody that the moon travels round the earth once every month.

2012定从预测9Jim passed the driving test,       surprised everybody in the office.

A.which                    B.that                           C.this                           D.it

2012定从预测10____ is reported in the newspapers, talks between the two countries are making progress.

A. It              B. As               C. That               D. What 

2012定从预测11Helen was much kinder to her youngest son than to the others, ______, of course, made the others envy him.
  A. who  
          B. that                C. what               D. which   

2012定从预测12____ has been announced, we shall have our final exams next month.
  A. That  
          B. As                 C. It                 D. What 

 

地点:where/which /that      时间:when/which/that

2012定从预测13The Science Museum,       we visited during a recent trip to Britain, is one of London’s tourist attractions.

A.which                  B.what                  C.that                     D.where

2012定从预测14I can think of many cases _____ students obviously knew a lot of English words and expressions but couldn’t write a good essay.
   A. why   
          B. which           C. as                D. where 

2012定从预测15Occasions are quite rare      .I have the time to spend a day with my kids.

A.who                    B.which                 C.why                    D.when

2012定从预测16We are living in an age ______ many things are done on computer.
   A. which  
         B. that             C. whose             D. when 

2012定从预测17The film brought the hours back to me_______I was taken good care of in that far-away village.

A. until                 B. that                C. when                D. where

 
怎么确定关系代词前用什么介词?
1)定语从句中动词和什么介词搭配
Gun control is a subject _____ Americans have argued for a long time.  
(about which--- argue about sth)
    There is no one _____ she can turn when in trouble 
(to whom----turn to sb for help)
2)先行词常和什么介词搭配。
The reason _________ he was late was that he got up late.
(for which----- the reason for)

2012定从预测18Wind power is an ancient source of energy      we may return in the near future.

A. on which         B. by which          C. to which          D. from which

2012定从预测19Gun control is a subject     Americans have argued for a long time.  

A. of which         B. with which         C. about which       D. into which

2012定从预测20For many cities in the world, there is no room to spread out further,          New York is an example.

A.for which                     B.in which                    C.of which                 D.from which

2012定从预测21By nine o’clock, all the Olympic torch bearers had reached the top of Mount Qomolangma,         appeared a rare rainbow soon.

A.of which                B.on which                   C.from which          D.above which

 

易错点:插入语和定语干扰!

2012定从预测22She showed the visitors around the museum, the construction        had taken more than three years.

Afor which                 Bwith which        Cof which                 Dto which

2012定从预测23The newly built café, the walls of_______ are painted light green, is really a peaceful place for us, specially after hard work.

A. that               B. it              C. what             D. which

2012定从预测24Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others,       , of course, made all the others upset.

A. who               B. which          C. what             D. that

2012定从预测25She brought with her three friends, none of        I had ever met before.

A. them              B. who            C. whom            D. these

2012定从预测26Last week, only two people came to look at the house,        wanted to buy it.

A.none of them            B.both of them     C.none of whom       D.neither of whom

 

定语从句真题练习

2009辽宁They’ve won their last three matches, ________I find a bit surprising  

A. that             B. when             C. what              D. which 

2007辽宁Eric received training in computer for one year,              he found a job in a big company.

A.after that                \B.after which           C.after it                    D.after this

2006辽宁I was told that there were about 50 foreign students         Chinese in the school, most             were from Germany.

A.study;of whom       B.study;of them         C.studying;of them        D.studying;of whom

2004辽宁The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year, 80% ______ are sold abroad.
  A. of which  
        B. which of            C. of them            D. of that  

 

DBDA

名词性从句出题思路预测

区别什么从句应看主句,主句不完整时从句肯定是名词性从句。主句完整时,从句可能是定语从句,状语从句,或者同位语从句。

I have forgotten where we went yesterday.

Where we went yesterday is covered with all kinds of flowers.

Oh! This is where we came yesterday.

This is the place where we came yesterday.

Here, he made the promise that he would come here 10 years later.

I will make a mark where he made the promise.

where unemployment and crime are high, it can be assumed that the latter is due to the former.

需要用什么引导词看从句。名词性从句中缺什么意思用什么意思的引导词; 缺名词性成份时,指人用who/whom,指物用what; 不缺意思和成份时用that。That只有在宾语从句中可以省略。

2011江西卷The villagers have already known       we’ll do is to rebuild the bridge.

Athis                       Bthat                        Cwhat                      Dwhich

2011四川卷Our teachers always tell us to believe in       we do and who we are if we want to succeed.

A. why             B. how              C. what              D. which

2011陕西卷I’d like to start my own business –that’s        I’d do if I had the money.    

A.why                      B.when            C.which            D.what

易错点:插入语干扰!

2012名词性从句预测1The companies are working together to create         they hope will be the best means of transport in the 21st century.

  A. which        B. that           C. what            D. who

2012名词性预测2         was most important to her, she told me, was her family.

A.It            B.This           C.What             D.As

2012名词性预测3The shopkeeper did not want to sell for       he thought was not enough.

A.where         B.how        C.what             D.which

 

 

[1] In my eyes, _______ is known to all _____ Chinese economy has taken off.

[2] ______ is known to all, Chinese economy has taken off.

[3] I took some medicine for the bad cold, but _____ didn’t help.

[4] I took some medicine for the bad cold, ______ didn’t help.

[5] I find ______ is a pity that he failed in the driving test.

A. which      B. that       C. it       D. As

2012名词性预测4       is known to us all is that the 2014 Olympic Games will take place in L.

A.It            B.What          C.As           D.Which

 

Whether是解!

不充当从句的任何成分,表示是否表明从句内容的不确定性。不可以省略。

通常,引导主语从句、表语从句和引导同位语从句时,要用连词whether,不用if;习惯上也只能说whether or not,而不说if …or not。

____ the 2000 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing is not known yet.

A. Whenever    B. If     C. Whether     D. That

试题中的从句位于句首,不难知道这是一个主语从句,所以答案是C。但是在宾语从句中表达是否既可用if也可用whether。

 

主语从句、表语从句和同位语从句,只能用 whether 引导,不能用 if .

主语从句Whether it is true remains a problem. 这件事是否真实还是个问题。

表语从句What the doctors really doubt is whether my mother will recover from the serious disease soon.医生真正怀疑的是我母亲能否很快从重病中恢复过来。

同位语从句I am in doubt whether I should agree to the plan.

2012名词性预测5We’ve offered her the job, but I don’t know______ she’ll accept it.

A. where            B. what          C. whether            D. which

2012名词性预测6Elephants have their own way to tell the shape of an object and           it is

rough or smooth.

A./            B.whether      C.how          D.what

2012名词性预测7What the doctors really doubt is _____my mother will recover from the serious disease soon.
  A. when        B. how          C. whether       D. why
 

名词性从句真题练习

2006辽宁       makes this shop different is that it offers more personal services.

A.What          B.Who         C.Whatever        D.Whoever

A

 

 

状语从句出题思路预测

转折关系:but,however,Altough,Though,什么时候选?

 

2011四川卷Frank insisted that he was not asleep     I had great difficulty in waking him up.

A. whether        B. although       C. for         D. so

2009湖南______ the police thought he was the most likely one, since they had no exact proof about it, they could not arrest him.

A. Although    B. As long as    C. If only    D. As soon as

2007全国ⅠBetween the two generations, it is often not their age,      their education that causes misunderstanding.

A.like      B.as         C.or       D.but

2007湖南Reality is not the way you wish things to be, nor the way they appear to be,                     _______ the way they actually are.

A.as       B.or         C.but      D.and

2012预测1Excuse me for breaking in, _______ I have some news for you.

A.so       B.and       C.but       D. yet

 

[1] It was in this city ______ he was born.

[2] It was this city ______ he was born.

[3] It was in 1989 ______ he was born.

[4] It was three days _____ he was born.

[5] It is three days _____ he was born.

A. where   B. which    C. that    D. before    E.since

 

2010陕西John thinks it won’t be long        he is ready for his new job.        

 A. when             B. after          C. before           D. since

2008北京I’m sorry you’ve been waiting so long, but it’ll still be some time ___      Brian gets back.

A. before                B. since              C. till                       D. after

2011四川卷 As it reported, it is 100 years        Qinghua University was founded.

A. when            B. before         C. after            D. since

2012预测2The field research will take Joan and Paul about five months; it will be a long time      we meet them again.

A.after             B.before         C.since             D.when

2012预测3He was told that it would be at least three more months      he could recover and return to work.

A.when            B.before         C.since             D.that

2012预测4That was really a splendid evening. It’s years      I enjoyed myself so much.

A.when            B.that         C.before            D.since

 

 

           but,however, although    

 didn’t           Unless/if ...not              

      never           Without 接名词,主句有wouldcould                   

                      until

                      so, therefore, as a result, accordingly

                      because, since, as, for

 

前后两句一肯一否,除了转折关系,2009-2011年考的更多的是因果关系,untilunless. However instead同时出现在选项中时,容易选instead ;Howeverotherwise同时出现在选项中时容易选otherwise;butso同时出现在选项中时容易选sotherefore ;butbecause同时出现在选项中时容易选becauseas,since),具体结合语境。

 

2008北京—Did you return Fred’s call?

            —I didn’t need to ____  I’ll see him tomorrow.

  A. though          B. unless          C. when           D. because

2006北京He found it increasingly difficult to read,       his eyesight was beginning to fail.

A.and             B.for             C.but              D.or

2007天津It is difficult for us to learn a lesson in life______we’ve actually had that lesson.

A.until            B.after            C.since            D.when

2006广东“You can’t have this football back_____you promise not to kick it at my cat again.” the old man said firmly.

  A.because                B.since                 C.when                     D.until

2010上海        our manager objects to Tom’s joining the club, we shall accept him as a member.

A. Until           B. Unless          C. If              D. After

2010全国ⅠThe little boy won’t go to sleep ______ his mother tells him a story.

A. or              B. unless          C. but             D. whether

 

 

so that(宾语从句后面有can)是解!

2005北京I’d like to arrive 20 minutes early               I can have time for a cup of tea.

A.as soon as                   B.as a result      C.in case             D.so that

2004全国IRoses need special care ______ they can live through winter.

A. because             B. so that        C. even if         D. as  

2003安徽春Sally worked late in the evening to finish her report ______ her boss could read it first thing next morning.

A. so that    B. because       C. before       D. or else

2002 NMETJohn shut everybody out of the kitchen _________ he could prepare his grand surprise for the party.

A. which       B. when       C. so that        D. as if

 

 

in case (万一, 以防)是解!

2011山东卷He had his camera ready_____ he saw something that would make a good picture.

A. even if        B. if only       C. in case         D. so that

2010浙江I guess we’ve already talked about this before but I’ll ask you again just      .

Aby nature     B.in return      Cin case        Dby chance

2007北京Leave your key with a neighbor      you lock yourself out one day.

A.ever since      B.even if     C.soon after       D.in case

 

While

主句从句主语不同,表示

I do every single bit of housework __ my husband Bob just does the dishes now and then.

    A. since                    B. while               C. when                D. as

While置于句首可表示As long as Although

While I admit his good points, I can see his bad ones.

2008湖南)______ the Internet is of great help, I don’t think it’s a good idea to spend too much time on it.
A. If          B. While     C. Because         D. As

 

2011四川卷      volleyball is her main focus, she’s also great at basketball.

A. Since        B. Once       C. Unless       D. While

2010全国ⅠMary made coffee ________ her guests were finishing their meal .

A. so that         B. although        C. while       D. as if

2008湖南       the Internet is of great help, I don’t think it’s a good idea to spend too much time on it.

A.If              B.While          C.Because       D.As

2008四川In some places women are expected to earn money      men work at home and raise their children.

A.but             B.while           C.because      D.though

 

 

where

2010重庆Today, we will begin _____we stopped yesterday so that no point will be left out.

A. when                  B. where           C. how               D. what

2009江苏   __ unemployment and crime are high, it can be assumed that the latter is due to the former.

A. Before              B. Where         C. Unless             D. Until

2009山东The little girl who got lost decided to remain _____she was and wait for her mother.

A.where               B.what           C.how               D.who

2004全国IIIThere were dirty marks on her trousers ____ she had wiped her hands.

A. where              B. which          C. when             D. that    

 

as long as

2010江西— Our holiday cost a lot of money.

            — Did it? Well, that doesn’t matter______ you enjoyed yourselves.

A as long as        B unless           C as soon as          D though

However \ Whatever

However 接形容词或副词!

However (=No matter how) expensive it may be, I’ll take it.无论它有多贵,我也要买下它。

_______, I have to put it away and focus my attention on study this week. 

    A. However the study is amusing                       B. No matter amusing the story is

    C. However amusing the story is                        D. No matter how the story is amusing

Whatever 接名词或从句谓语动词少宾语!

Whatever (=No matter what) I say or how I say it, he always thinks I’m wrong.

无论我说什么或怎么说,他总认为是我错。

The old tower must be saved,                    the cost.

A.however                  B.whatever                 C.whichever                D.wherever

 

2010上海        you may have, you should gather your courage to face the challenge.

  A. However a serious problem             B. What a serious problem

C. However serious a problem             D. What serious a problem

2008全国ⅠThe lawyer seldom wears anything other than a suit______the season.

A.whatever    B.wherever        C.whenever       D.however

 

 

什么情况下When是答案?

 

be about to do…. When …

= be on the point of doing … when…

 

Was/were doing … when…

It was raining when we arrived.(指时间点)

2004上海Jasmine was holidaying with her family in a wildlife park _____ she was bitten on the leg by a lion.

A. when                B. while                   C. since                D. once

When we were at school, we went to the library every day.(在一段时间内)

2007北京Where’s that report?

I brought it to you    you were in Mr. Black’s office yesterday.

A.if                     B.when                 C.because            D.before

 

Had just donewhen  hardly / scarcelywhenno sooner … than …

2009福建She had just finished her homework      her mother asked her to practice playing the piano yesterday.

A. when              B. while                   C. after                   D. since

受思维定势看so容易错选that,符合逻辑应该是when!

2009重庆Peter was so excited _______he received an invitation from his friend to visit Chongqing.

A. where          B. that     ks5u C. why             D. when

2008福建Nancy enjoyed herself so much      she visited her friends in Sydney last year.

A.that              B.which           C.when              D.where

 

 

2010四川Because of the heavy traffic, it was already time for lunch break         she got to her office.

  A. since            B. that           C. when             D. until

 

2009福建She had just finished her homework        her mother asked her to practice playing the piano yesterday.

A. when           B. while         C. after              D. since

2007北京Where’s that report?

I brought it to you                  you were in Mr. Black’s office yesterday.

A.if                      B.when                C.because                  D.before

2006湖南I had just stepped out of the bathroom and was busy drying myself with a towel     

I heard the steps.

A.while          B.when           C.since           D.after

2004上海Jasmine was holidaying with her family in a wildlife park _____ she was bitten on the leg by a lion.

A. when                B. while                 C. since               D. once

 

 

状语从句真题练习

2010辽宁The old man asked Lucy to move to another chair_     _he wanted to sit next to his wife.

Aalthough      Bunless         Cbecause         Dif

2008辽宁______hungry I am.  I never seem to be able to finish off this loaf of bread.

A.Whatever      B.Whenever        C.Wherever         D.However

2008辽宁I used to love that film      I was a child, but I don’t feel it that way any more.

A.once          B.when            C.since             D.although

2007辽宁We had to wait half an hour      we had already booked a table.

A.since          B.although         C.until              D.before

2006辽宁He was about halfway through his meal      a familiar voice came to his ears.

A.why            B.where          C.when             D.while

CDBBC

非谓语出题思路预测

有宾语主动,无宾语被动

He seats himself at the back of the classroom.(做谓语)

Seating himself at the back of the classroom, he can’t see the words on the blackboard clearly.(做状语)

He is seated at the back of the classroom. (做谓语)

Seated at the back of the classroom, he can’t see the words on the blackboard clearly.

(做状语)

Dressed (dress) in a new beautiful dress, she feels more confident.

Compared to /with cars, bicycles have some advantages.

    Judging from his expression / look on his face, he is far from satisfactory.

    Seen from space, the earth looks blue.

Tasting good, the food was soon sold out.

 

2011重庆卷Michael put up a picture of Yao Ming beside the bed to keep himself       

of his own dreams.

A. reminding        B. to remind         C. reminded          D. remind

2011陕西卷Claire had her luggage        an hour before her plane left.

A.check            B.checking          C.to check           D.checked

2011陕西卷More highways have been built in China,_        it much easier for people to travel form one place to another.

A. making          B. made             C. to make           D. having made

2011全国卷IISarah pretended to be cheerful,_        nothing about the argument.

  A. says             B. said              C. to say            D. saying

2011天津卷    into English, the sentence was found to have an entirely different word order.

A. Translating        B. Translated        C. To translate        D. Having translated

2011上海春招Mike found his missing car in the street outside his house,        newly cleaned and polished.

A. looked             B. to look               C. looking             D. to be looking

2011上海春招         in 1955, Disneyland in California is regarded by many as the riginal fun park.                                 

A. Opened            B. Having opened       C. Opening           D. Being opened

2011全国卷IIThe island,        to the mainland by a bridge, is easy to go to.

  A. joining           B. to join            C. joined            D. having joined

 

2011湖南卷The players        from the whole country are expected to bring us honor in this summer game .

A selecting        B to selece        C selected         D having selected

2011江西卷On receiving a phone call from his wife        she had a fall, Mr. Gorden immediately rushed home from his office.

A. says           B.said            C.saying          D.to say

2011浙江卷Bats are surprsingly long-lived creatures, some        a life span of around 20 years.

A.having         B had             C. have           D. to have

 

 

不及物动词做状语只有working to work两种形式,相当于及物动词后面有了宾语doing sth/to do sth. 没有worked形式!

2011全国卷The next thing he saw was smoke        from behind the house.

A.rose            B.rising         C. to rise     D.risen

2010安徽He had a wonderful childhood, _____with his mother to all corners of the world

A. travel         B. to travel      C.  traveled        D. traveling

2010湖南Dina,        for months to find a job as a waitress, finally took a position at a local advertising agency.

A. struggling     B. struggled     C. having struggled   D. to struggle

 

 

have sth to do

the only (best,first)way to do

be done to do sth

2011重庆卷 More TV programs, according to government officials, will be produced

      people’s concern over food safety.

A.to raise         B.raising         C.to have raised      D. having raised

2011天津卷Passeagers are permitted        only one piece of hand luggage onto the plane.

A.to carry           B. carrying            C. to be carried      D. being carried

2010上海Thai is the only way we can imagine   the overuse of water in students’ bathrooms.

A. reducing      B. to reduce        C. reduced          D. reduce

2007全国I—The last one _________ pays the meal.   

—Agreed!

  A. arrived       B. arrives          C. to arrive          D. arriving

 

 

接双宾动词少一个宾语即被动done做状语!

2011四川卷       an important role in a new movie, Andy has a chance to become famous.

A.Offer          B.Offering          C.Offered         D.To offer

2009江西_____ the right kind of training , these teenage soccer players may one day grew the international stars. 

A. Giving         B. Having given     C. To give         D. Given 

2005福建When_______ help, one often says“Thank you. ” or “ It’ s kind of you. ”

Aoffering       Bto offer         Cto be offered    Doffered
2003北京____ time,he’ll make a first-class tennis player.           

A .Having given    B.To give          C. Giving         D. Given

 

 

非谓语真题练习

2011辽宁卷      around the fire, the tourists danced with the local people.

A. Gather          B. To gather       C. Gathering       D. To be gathering

2010辽宁Alexander tried to get his work  _______in the medical circles.

A. to recognize      B. recognizing     C.  recognize     D.  recognized

2009辽宁______, you need to give all you have and try your best.
A Being a winner    B To be a winner   C Be a winner      D Having been a winner

2008辽宁He was busy writing a story, only     once in a while to smoke a cigarette.

A.to stop           B.stopping      C.to have stopped   D.having stopped

2007辽宁You can’t imagine what difficulty we had ______ home in the snowstorm.

A. walked          B. walk           C. to walk         D. walking

2007辽宁The crowd cheered wildly at the sight of Liu Xiang, who was reported ______ the world record in the 110-meter hurdle race.

A. breaking        B. having broken    C. to have broken   D. break

2004辽宁         by the beauty of nature, the girl from London decided to spend another two days on the farm.

A.Attracting         B.Attracted     C.To be attracted    D.Having attracted.

 

 

CDBBDCB

 

 

情态动词

can be        可表示有时候会,猜测时,can/could用于疑问句和否定句;

must be       只用于肯定句/表示很有把握的猜测/翻译成肯定/一定;

may/might be  用于肯定句/表示没有把握的猜测/翻译成可能也许.

 

2011湖南卷No one ________ be compared with Yao Ming in playing basketball.

A. can          B. need        C. must         D. might

2008福建It is usually warm in my hometown in March, but it     be rather cold sometimes.

A.must                B.can          C.should        D.would

2009安徽Some people who don’t like to talk much are not necessarily shy;they        just be quiet people.

A. must         B. may         C. should        D. would

2008四川Although this        sound like a simple task, great care is needed.

A.must         B.may         C.shall          D.should

2005浙江The World Wide Web is sometimes jokingly called the World Wide Wait because it

       be very slow.

A.should          B.must         C.will           D.can

2004上海Children under 12 years of age in that country       be under adnlt’s supervision when in a public library.

A. must         B.may          C.can           D.need

 

 

must可表示硬要,偏偏。

---How old are you, madam?  

----If you must know, I’m twice my son’s age.

shall可用于一、三人称疑问句表示征求对方的意见或向对方请示。

---Shall he come to see you?

---I’d rather he didn’t.

也可用于二、三人称陈述句中表示命令、警告、允诺、威胁或法规。

--- What does the sign over here read?

--- No person shall smoke or carry a lighted cigarette, cigar or pipe in this area.

should可表示按理说应该。

---When can I call for my TV set? 

----It should be ready this afternoon.

也可表示说话人对某事感到意外、惊异、不能理解等,译作竟然;居然。

You can’t imagine that a well-behaved gentleman should be so rude to a lady.

 

。

真题实战演练

2011·全国新课标卷)完形填空 20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30

     In our discussion with people on how education can help them succeed in life, a woman remembered the first meeting of an introductory__36__(同义复现)course about 20 years ago.(记叙文,回忆、人物、时间、事件education

     The professor __37__the lecture hall, placed upon his desk a large jar filled with dried beans(豆), and invited the students to _38_(同义复现)how many beans the jar contained. After __39__shouts of wildly wrong guesses the professor smiled a thin, dry smile, announced the __40__ answer,(与前面wrong 相对应)and went on saying, ”You have just __41__an important lesson about science. That is: Never__42__ your own senses.”

     Twenty years later, the __43__(上文提到的人物)could guess what the professor had in mind. He __44__himself, perhaps,as inviting his students to start an exciting __45__(概括的是答案)into an unknown world invisible(无形的)to the  46  ,which can be discovered only through scientific  47  .But the seventeen-year-old girl could not accept or顺接关系)even  48  the invitation. She was just 49  to understand the world. And she 50 that her firsthand experience could be the  51 .The professor, however, 与小女孩的观点相反的said that it was 52(与51相对).he was taking away her only 53 for knowing and was providing her with no substitute. “I remember feeling small and 54 ,”(找andthe women says, “and I did the only thing I could do. I 55 the course that afternoon, and I haven’t gone near science since.”(找否定词)

36A. art                      B. history             C. science                D. math

37A. searched fo    B. looked at        C. got through          D. marched into

38A. count                 B. guess              C. report                 D. watch

39A. warning              B. giving              C. turning away        D. listening to

40A. ready                 B. possible          C. correct                D. difficult

41A. learned               B. prepared         C. taught                  D. taken

42A. lose                    B. trust                C. sharpen               D. show

43A. lecturer              B. scientist           C. speaker               D. woman

44A. described           B. respected        C. saw                     D. served

45A. voyage               B. movement       C. change                D. rush

46.  A. professor      B. eye         C. knowledge       D. light

47.  A. model         B. senses      C. spirit            D. methods

48.  A. hear          B. make        C. present         D. refuse

49.  A. suggesting    B. beginning   C. pretending        D. waiting

50.  A. believed      B. doubted       C. proved         D. explained

51.  A. growth       B. strength      C. faith            D. truth

52.  A. firm          B. interesting    C. wrong           D. acceptable

53.  A. task          B. tool          C. success         D. connection

54.  A. cruel         B. proud        C. frightened       D. brave

55.  A. dropped      B. started       C. passed          D. missed

 

【要点综述】本文是记叙文。二十年前,在第一节理科实验课上,一位教授做了一个实验,这个实验告诉学生们,不要相信自己的判断。正是这个实验让一位妇女以后远离了理科。

36. C 联系下文an important lesson about science我们知道,这是一节理科实验课。

37. D 从空后的placed upon his desk a large jar filled with…我们可以知道,老师走进了教室。

38. B 联系空后的how many beans the jar contained我们可以知道,教授让学生们猜一下,这个坛子能装多少豆子。

39. D 联系空后的shouts of wildly wrong guesses我们知道,学生们喊出了各种错误的推测,教授听了他们喊出的答案。

40. C 联系空前的announced和空后的answer我们知道,教授向学生们公布了正确答案。

41. A 联系空后的an important lesson about science我们知道,教授认为他们学到了一堂非常重要的理科课程。

42. B 学生们的推测都是错误的,因此教授说,“不要相信你们的意识!

43. D 联系下文But the seventeen-year-old girl could not accept…我们知道,这个妇女能够推测教授心里是怎么想的。

44. C 前文有提示:The professor 37 (marched into) the lecture hall,由此我们可以得出答案。

45. A 联系空后的into the unknown world我们知道,教授的目的是带学生们进行一次激动人心的知识旅行。

46. B 联系后文which can be discovered only through scientific 47 (method)我们知道,这个世界是眼睛看不到的,只有通过科学方法才可以看到。   

47. D 联系前文的invisible to the eye我们知道,这个世界只有通过科学的方法才可以看到。

48. A 联系空前的could not accept我们知道,她不能接受,甚至听到这个邀请。or在这里表达前后为顺接关系,因此其他选项可以排除。

49. B 联系前文的the seventeen-year-old girl我们可以推断,这个小女孩年龄很小,只是刚刚开始认识这个世界。

50. A 空后的her firsthand experience could be the 51   (truth)是她的认识,因此我们选believed。

51. D 联系前文我们知道,教授想告诉学生的是第一手经验并不一定是事情的真相,我们要通过科学实验来验证真相,但是小女孩的想法与之相反。

52. C 联系前文我们可以知道,教授认为小女孩认识世界的方式是错误的。

53. B 显然空前提到的her first-hand experience就是她认识世界的工具。

54. C 联系下文的haven’t gone near science since我们知道,她对理科产生了恐惧。

55. A 联系空后的haven’t gone near science since我们知道,那天下午她就放弃了理科。D有一定干扰性,miss意思是“错过”,因此可以排除。

 

高考英语完型填空实战演练二  20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30

Sometimes people call each other “scared-cat”, but have you ever thought about this expression? When a cat is frightened, its heart starts beating faster, its muscles get tense, and there are changes in the chemicals in its blood- stream.

Although the cat doesn’t    16   this, its body is getting ready for action.

If the danger continues, this animal will do one of the two things. It will   17   itself, or it will run away as fast as it can.

  18  , when people are excited, angry, scared, or aroused by other emotions, our bodies also go through many   19   changes. Our hearts beat faster, and our muscles get tense. All of these changes make us more alert and ready to react. We, too, get ready to defend ourselves   20   run.

Human beings,   21   , have a problem that animals never face. If we give way to our feelings and let them   22   , we can get into trouble. Have you ever said something in anger, or hit somebody and regretted it later? Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told someone you were lonely, or said you were in love, and then   23   later you had kept your mouth shut? It isn’t always   24   to express your feelings freely.

Does this mean that it’s smarter always to   25   our feelings? No! If you   26   feelings of anger, sadness, and bitterness hidden away or bottled up inside, your body stays   27  . Physical illnesses can develop. It can actually be   28   for your health.

Feelings that you keep all bottled up inside, don’t just   29   . It’s like you bought some bananas and stuck them in a cupboard. You might not be able to see them, but   30   you’d smell them. And if you opened the cupboard, you’d   31   little fruit flies hovering (盘旋) all over them. They’d be rotten.

You can try to treat emotions   32   they were bananas in the cupboard. You can   33   they don’t exist, but they’ll still be   34  . And at last you’ll have to   35   them. Just like those bananas.

16. A. mind         B. admit        C. realize       D. remember

17. A. save         B. help         C. defend        D. hide

18. A. Truly        B. Frequently   C. Similarly     D. Differently

19. A. chemical     B. physical     C. health        D. ill

20. A. and          B. or           C. but           D. yet

21. A. therefore    B. but          C. besides       D. however

22. A. take off     B. take on      C. take over     D. take up

23. A. wished       B. hoped        C. blamed        D. shared

24. A. useful       B. right        C. easy          D. wise

25. A. handle       B. hurt         C. hide          D. prevent

26. A. keep         B. find         C. control       D. let

27. A. relaxed      B. tense        C. same          D. different

28. A. good         B. harmful      C. helpful       D. useful

29. A. go away      B. go on        C. go up         D. go out

30. A. long before  B. as usual     C. before long   D. right away

31. A. meet         B. observe      C. catch         D. see

32. A. as if        B. just as      C. just after    D. even though

33. A. pretend      B. expect       C. decide        D. assume

34. A. in           B. around       C. over          D. beyond

35. A. eat up       B. deal with    C. throw away    D. send out

 

Sometimes people call each other “scared-cat”, but have you ever thought about this expression? When a cat is frightened, its heart starts beating faster, its muscles get tense, and there are changes in the chemicals in its blood- stream.

Although the cat doesn’t    16   this, its body is getting ready for action.

If the danger continues, this animal will do one of the two things. It will   17   itself, or it will run away as fast as it can.

16. A. mind         B. admit        C. realize       D. remember

解题思路题眼法\代入法

捕捉题眼,寻找契机:所谓题眼就是解题线索,就是那些原句中出现的、对解题起重要暗示作用的关键词。找准关键词语,有时题干中带有对解题起着关键作用的词语,如果能迅速找准这些词语,再结合各选项的意义和特点,就能很快选出正确答案。

17. A. save         B. help         C. defend        D. hide

解题思路没有同义复现或固定搭配,考虑概括的是解。

并列结构法: 根据文章中表示并列关系的连词或副词如:and/also/or或逗号“,”等,它们的提点是and前后的成分结构相似,意义相关,再做出准确判断。

 

  18  , when people are excited, angry, scared, or aroused by other emotions, our bodies also go through many   19   changes. Our hearts beat faster, and our muscles get tense. All of these changes make us more alert and ready to react. We, too, get ready to defend ourselves   20   run.

18. A. Truly        B. Frequently   C. Similarly     D. Differently

解题思路:前后呼应法\代入法

前后呼应法:做完形填空要始终抓住文章本身,联系双语境判断做题,即大语境——全文中心和基调;小语境——空格前后所构成的语意环境;再根据前有伏笔,后有呼应的思路做题。

句群、段落、篇章等。语篇与语篇之间往往有表明其内在联系的词语,这些词语被称为语篇标志。
   
如表示结构层次的语篇标志语有: firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally等;
    
表示逻辑关系的语篇标志语有:  thus, therefore, so等;
    
表示改变话题的语篇标志语有:  by the way等;
     
表示递进关系的语篇标志语有:  besides, what’s more, further等;
    
表示时间关系的语篇标志语有:  before, so far, yet, meanwhile, later等。

19. A. chemical     B. physical     C. health        D. ill

解题思路:摆脱思维定势,排除“陷阱” chemical, 后提示句Our hearts beat faster, and our muscles get tense.都是physical。

20. A. and          B. or           C. but           D. yet

解题思路:与前面句子It will   17   itself, or it will run away as fast as it can. 同义复现。

同义复现:是英语中常见的一种现象。为强调某一意思,但又不想重复使用某个词,文中前后两处会使用一组同义词或同义词组。由于在完形填空题中,这两个同义词的位置多半比较靠近,很容易找到。无须过多推理,只须确定相同的是哪个意思,然后找出选项中与之相符的一项即可。

Human beings,   21   , have a problem that animals never face. If we give way to our feelings and let them   22   , we can get into trouble. Have you ever said something in anger, or hit somebody and regretted it later? Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told someone you were lonely, or said you were in love, and then   23   later you had kept your mouth shut? It isn’t always   24   to express your feelings freely.

21. A. therefore    B. but          C. besides       D. however

解题思路:转折特点:

but转折法:文中一出现“but” “Although” “though” “however,” “while”等词,应该马上想到前后语意有转折。只要知道其中一方的语意,就可以反向推出另一方的意思,从而解题。完形填空题中,but一词后多半会设题。所以,大家在考试时,只要看到but就做一个标记,遇到类似but这样表转折的词也同样处理。这样便于回到原文去寻找解题的依据。

22. A. take off     B. take on      C. take over     D. take up

解题思路:and并列结构法,give way to的同义词let 。。take          

23. A. wished       B. hoped        C. blamed        D. shared

解题思路:利用语法分析解题,选项中的动词都是过去式,其后句宾语从句had kept过去完成时,故判断是虚拟。

24. A. useful       B. right        C. easy          D. wise

解题思路:暗示法,smarter的近义词是          。

利用暗示和对应解题:虽然重点是对语法、短语和词的辨析、句子结构的考查,但对文章故事情节发展线索的逻辑考查仍是重点。暗示与上下对应的思维方法,是突破此类完形填空最关键的思维方式。

Does this mean that it’s smarter always to   25   our feelings? No! If you   26   feelings of anger, sadness, and bitterness hidden away or bottled up inside, your body stays   27  . Physical illnesses can develop. It can actually be   28   for your health.

25. A. handle       B. hurt         C. hide          D. prevent

解题思路:同义复现法

26. A. keep         B. find         C. control       D. let

解题思路:利用语法分析解题,动词      可以带宾补hidden away or bottled up inside。

27. A. relaxed      B. tense        C. same          D. different

解题思路:跨段落篇章复现tense

查找文章多处反复复现概念的已知词:复现可以是相同的词在文章的不同地方重复出现。复现的解题意义在于:如果判断出一个未知填空与上下文的那些已知词汇有复现关系,只要从选项中选出与那些词汇意义相同的就是正确答案。

28. A. good         B. harmful      C. helpful       D. useful

解题思路:利用关联成分,illnesses设置成已知,另一个是未知的,这样那个已知的词语便成为破解未知词语的关键线索。illnesses会对health        ?

Feelings that you keep all bottled up inside, don’t just   29   . It’s like you bought some bananas and stuck them in a cupboard. You might not be able to see them, but   30   you’d smell them. And if you opened the cupboard, you’d   31   little fruit flies hovering (盘旋) all over them. They’d be rotten.

29. A. go away      B. go on        C. go up         D. go out

解题思路:看清上下文,找准定位词充分利用文章的上下文和前后句,找到对选择有提示作用的词或句,go         ? 

看看文章中动词都与哪些副词或介词搭配成动词短语? 

It will   17   itself, or it will run away as fast as it can.

No! If you   26   feelings of anger, sadness, and bitterness hidden away or bottled up inside, your body stays   27  .

30. A. long before  B. as usual     C. before long   D. right away

解题思路:利用语法分析解题,but   30   you’d smell them. 句中的’d=would是过去将来时.in no time=by and by=in a flash=before long=soon是将来时的时间状语,表示“很快”;而right away=right now=quickly=at once=immediately则不受限制!

31. A. meet         B. observe      C. catch         D. see

解题思路:利用语法分析解题,you’d   31   little fruit flies hovering (盘旋) all over them. A. meet ,B. observe, C. catch ,D. seelittle fruit flies hovering (盘旋)。

 

You can try to treat emotions   32   they were bananas in the cupboard. You can   33   they don’t exist, but they’ll still be   34  . And at last you’ll have to   35   them. Just like those bananas.

32. A. as if        B. just as      C. just after    D. even though

解题思路:利用语法分析解题,You can try to treat emotions   32   they were bananas in the cupboard.是虚拟句。

33. A. pretend      B. expect       C. decide        D. assume

解题思路:抉择于A. pretend D. assume之间,         exist?

绝对相近法:它是从选项着手分析的,若四个选项中有两个选项绝对矛盾、相近和对立,那么正确选项大多在这两个对立项之间产生,二者必居其一,至于究竟是两者中的哪一个,则需进一步根据上下文的语境判断。注意固定的搭配,包括动词与介词的搭配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容词与名词的搭配等,同时要根据内容选择正确的短语。

34. A. in           B. around       C. over          D. beyond

解题思路:exist =be there, there= in? around? Over? beyond?

35. A. eat up       B. deal with    C. throw away    D. send out

解题思路:容易错选C.throw away,概括的是解。

16——20 CCCBB 21——25 DCADC 26——30ABBAC 31——35 DAABB

 

高考英语完型填空实战演练二 20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30

Anna arrived far too early. Usually she left things to the last minute,  16   today was a very special occasion. It was almost  17  by getting there an hour beforehand that she  18  to cause the plane to arrive sooner  19  raced through her mind. “Do I look all right? Will he notice that I’m wearing a  20  trouser suit? Will he even  21  me? "After all,it was a year almost to the day since she had  22  seen Joe. She fished a  23  out of her handbag and inspected her face. Too much make-up?. Joe had  24  made any comment but she knew that he did not approve of(赞成)heavy make-up—“gilding the lily”,he  25  it. It was funny how much importance she attached to  26  a good impression on him. After all,friends do not judge each other by  27  All the same,it was the first meeting after a long separation,and she wanted everything to  28  right·

Looking out of the window,Joe  29  a first glimpse,through a break in the   30  ,of the town far below. Certainly it was very flattering that they had  31  him to be the guest lecturer at their Autumn Congress yet again. The Chairman of the Organizing Committee,as a matter of Courtesy(礼貌),had.   32  to meet him at the airport,as he had done on previous occasions. This time,  33  ,it was not necessary,   34   because Joe was quite familiar with the city,but mainly because Anna had said that she could  35  the afternoon off in order to come and meet him.

16. A. and              B. but                      C. for                         D. as

17. A. because         B. since                   C. as if                       D. when

18. A. thought            B. liked                   C. had                        D. hoped

19. A. Idea             B. Facts                   C. Thoughts                D. Matters

20. A. new             B. strange                  C. latest                      D. single

21. A. like              B. recognize               C. terrify                     D. tell

22. A. before            B. recently                  C. last                        D. most

23. A. purse             B. handkerchief          C. mirror                    D. book

24. A. never             B. almost                   C. often                      D. regularly

25. A. told              B. called                    C. saw                       D. thought

26. A. offering           B. taking                    C. having                    D. making

27. A. appearance     B. clothes                   C. make-up                D. looking

28. A. come across    B. turn up                   C. go off                     D. get out

29. A. caught            B. left                      C. enjoyed                 D. met

30. A. air                B. rain                     C. train                       D.  clouds

31. A. employed        B. invited,                 C. told                     D. informed

32. A. offered           B. arrived                  C. intended                 D. attempted

33. A. therefore         B. however                C. instead                   D. as well

34. A. luckily            B. really                   C. partly                     D. separately

35. A. put               B. make                  C. take                       D. leave

 

高考英语完型填空实战演练二 20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30

Anna arrived far too early. Usually she left things to the last minute, 16   today was a very special occasion. It was almost  17  by getting there an hour beforehand that she  18  to cause the plane to arrive sooner  19  raced through her mind. “Do I look all right? Will he notice that I’m wearing a  20  trouser suit? Will he even  21  me? "After all,it was a year almost to the day since she had  22  seen Joe. She fished a  23  out of her handbag and inspected her face. Too much make-up?. Joe had  24  made any comment but she knew that he did not approve of(赞成)heavy make-up—“gilding the lily”,he  25  it. It was funny how much importance she attached to  26  a good impression on him. After all,friends do not judge each other by  27  All the same,it was the first meeting after a long separation,and she wanted everything to  28  right·

16. A. and              B. but                     C. for                         D. as

解题思路:转折特点:一句肯定,一句否定;前后句有一组反义词;前句是形副词原级,后句是比较级;前句是一般过去式,后句是一般现在时或前句是过去完成时,后句是一般过去式;后句有一”still”词;前句有“Maybe”, “Perhaps”, “It meight be”等表示可能的副词。

17. A. because        B. since                  C. as if                      D. when

解题思路:利用语法分析解题,because,since,when接句子。

18. A. thought          B. liked                  C. had                       D. hoped

解题思路:sooner 是将来时间状语,hope与将来时有关!

19. A. Idea            B. Facts                  C. Thoughts              D. Matters

解题思路:“Do I look all right? Will he notice that I’m wearing a  20  trouser suit? Will he even  21  me? 这两个问句说明她在想。Think =   19  raced through her mind.?

20. A. new             B. strange                C. latest                    D. single

解题思路:利用排除法解题I’m wearing a  20  trouser suit? Will he even  21 recognize  me? "怀疑是否能 recognize我,说明I’m wearing a  20  trouser suit?

21. A. like             B. recognize              C. terrify                   D. tell

解题思路:代入法

22. A. before           B. recently                C. last                       D. most

解题思路:代入法

23. A. purse            B. handkerchief        C. mirror                   D. book

解题思路:make-up相关的是         ?

24. A. never            B. almost                 C. often                     D. regularly

解题思路:but 说明前面应是否定词。

25. A. told             B. called                   C. saw                       D. thought

解题思路:代入法“gilding the lily”,he  25  it.=he  25  it “gilding the lily”?

26. A. offering          B. taking                  C. having                  D. making

解题思路:代入法,词汇辨析

27. A. appearance   B. clothes                  C. make-up               D. looking

解题思路: judge each other by  27  ?概括的是解。

28. A. come across B. turn up                  C. go off                    D. get out

解题思路:联想法Everything goes well,Everything go搭配!

Looking out of the window,Joe  29  a first glimpse,through a break in the   30  ,of the town far below. Certainly it was very flattering that they had  31  him to be the guest lecturer at their Autumn Congress yet again. The Chairman of the Organizing Committee,as a matter of Courtesy(礼貌),had  32  to meet him at the airport,as he had done on previous occasions. This time,  33  ,it was not necessary   34   because Joe was quite familiar with the city,but mainly because Anna had said that she could  35  the afternoon off in order to come and meet him.

29. A. caught           B. left                     C. enjoyed                D. met

解题思路:固定搭配,包括动词与介词的搭配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容词与名词的搭配等,同时要根据内容选择正确的短语。删除干扰部分,就是将起干扰作用的定语从句、介词短语或插入语删除Joe  29  a first glimpse,through a break in the   30  ,of the town far below.

30. A. air               B. rain                    C. train                      D. clouds

解题思路:the town far below.暗示是从飞机向下看,突然a break 看不到了片刻是因为天空中       挡了一下?  

31. A. employed       B. invited                   C. told                    D. informed

解题思路:Autumn Congress guest lecturer有关的动词是         ?

32. A. offered          B. arrived                C. intended               D. attempted

解题思路:intended attempted近义,应排除,承诺去接。

33. A. therefore       B. however              C. instead                 D. as well

解题思路:转折特点:一句肯定,一句否定;前后句有一组反义词;前句是形副词原级,后句是比较级;前句是一般过去式,后句是一般现在时或前句是过去完成时,后句是一般过去式;后句有一”still”词;前句有“Maybe”, “Perhaps”, “It meight be”等表示可能的副词。

34. A. luckily           B. really                 C. partly                    D. separately

解题思路:转折特点:一句肯定,一句否定;前后句有一组反义词;前句是形副词原级,后句是比较级;前句是一般过去式,后句是一般现在时或前句是过去完成时,后句是一般过去式;后句有一”still”词;前句有“Maybe”, “Perhaps”, “It meight be”等表示可能的副词。后面句子中it was not necessary     because Joe was quite familiar with the city,but mainly because Anna had said that she could take the afternoon off提示未知的空应是mainly的反义词。

35. A. put              B. make                 C. take                      D. leave

解题思路:固定搭配,包括动词与介词的搭配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容词与名词的搭配等,同时要根据内容选择正确的短语。不知道take off是请假的话,联想have two days off是请2天假的意思也行,因为词组也含off.

36—40  BCDCA  41—45  BCCAB   46—50  DACAD     51—55  BABCC

 

1 abandon oneself to sth. 完全屈从于(某种感情或冲动)
  2 have a (the )ability to do sth. ( have the ability in doing sth.)有能力做某事
  3 to the best of one's ability 尽力
  4 be about to do when… 正准备做某事突然。。。
  5 above all 首先,最重要; in all 总计 after all 毕竟; 终究
  6 at home and abroad 在国内外 go abroad 出国
  7 in sb.'s absence 不在时 in the absence of (人)不在时 be absent from 缺席
  8 be absorbed in 全神贯注于
  9 access to 接近;进入
  10 by accident 偶然 by chance by mistake 由于错误
  11 be delayed through an accident 由于事故而耽误
  12 be accompanied by 附有;伴随
  13 according to (后面不接view,opinion…); in my opinion
  14 collect accounts收账; open an account 开账户; keep accounts 记账 ; account for说明; give a full account of 做一个完整的说明; on account of=because of 因为

  15 accuse sb. of… 控告某人; charge sb. with sth. 起诉某人; Blame sb. for sth. 责备某人
  16 be accustomed to sth.( to doing sth.)=be used to sth.(to doing sth.)习惯于干某事
  17 have some acquaintance with 熟悉;熟知
  18 come (run) across (偶然)碰到 ; get sth. across 使人理解;领会
  19 act as充当,担任 act out 表演(对话、故事); act on(upon) 对。。。起作用
  20 catch sb. in the act of doing sth. 抓住某人干某事; take action 采取行动
  21 be active in 在。。; take an active part in 积极参加lead an active life过着积极的生活
  22 adapt oneself to 使自己适应 adapt sth. to 使某物适应 adapt from 根据。。。改写(改编)
  23 add in 包括; 加进去 add to 增加;加强 add… to 把。。。加到。。。上
  add up to 合加起来
  24 be addicted to sth.( doing sth. ) 嗜好。。。的;上了。。。瘾的
  25 in addtion/ in addtion to 此外
  26 deliver an address to 向。。发表演讲 giving a closing address 致闭幕词 an address of welcome 欢迎词
  27 admit to sth.( doing sth.) 承认
  28 in advance=beforehand 提前
  29 be of great (no ) advantage to 对。。。大大有利(毫无裨益) gain(have) an advantage over优于;胜过; take advantage of sb. 利用某人;欺骗某人
  30 put an advertisement 登广告
  31 ask for sb.'s advice 征求某人的建议 give sb. advice on how to do sth. 就如何
    
何干某事提出忠告
  32 advise sb. on sth. 就某事对某人提出忠告;advise sb. against( doing) sth.劝某人不干某事
  33 be afraid of 害怕;担心 be afraid to do 不敢做某事
  34 be after 寻求;追求
  35 be against one's proposal 反对(意见 go against nature违背自然stand against the wall 靠墙而立
  36 at the age of 在。。。岁时; be under age 未成年
  37 agree with sb.( what 从句 ); agree with the climate/饮食 对气候等的适应
  agree to +advice/suggestion/ idea/proposal … agree on (upon) 。。。就。。达成一致意见
  38 ahead of ( time) 在。。。前面 go ahead 继续;前进
  39 aid sb. in sth./aid sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 in aid of 支持 ;give sb. first aid对某人实施急救
  40 aim at 瞄准
  41 on the air(用无线电、电视)播送 in the air 在空中; by air 乘飞机; put on (give oneself) airs 摆架子
  42 all along 一直;始终 all over the country(world)遍及全国(世界) all alone 单独;独自地 all but 几乎;差一点
  43 allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 allow doing sth. 允许做某事
  44 let alone 更不用说 There is not enough room for us,let alone six dogs.
  45 get along (on) with 在。。。方面有进展 take along with 随身携带

  46 not only…but also
  47 make an analysis of 分析

  48 in the ancient time 在古代
  49 and so on/and so forth 等等
  50 be angry about sth.对某事生气 be angry at sth.因某事生气
  be be angry with sb.生某人的气
  51 annoy sb. with sth./annoy sb. by doing sth. 因。。。使某人生气;52 one after another 相继
  53 answer for 对。。。负责 answer sb.'s call 回电话 make no answer 不作回答
  54 be anxious about ( for) 为。。。担心 be anxious to do 渴望(急于)做某事
  55 apologize to sb. for sth./ make an apology to sb. for sth 因某事向某人道歉
  56 in appearance 外貌上 make one's appearance 登台 by/from all appearances 显然
  57 apply…to… 将。。应用于 apply for 申请 apply to 适应于 apply oneself to 专心致志于 ; apply to sb. for sth. 向某人申请某物
  58 appoint sb. to a post 派某人任某职; appoint a time for the meeting 约定开会时间
  59 approach to 接近 make an approach to 对。。。进行探讨
  60 approve of 赞同
     61 argue with/against sb. about/on sth.
与某人辩论某事;argue sb. into doing 说服某人做某事
  62 arm in arm 肩并肩 hand in hand 手拉手 ; shoulder to shoulder 肩并肩 take sth. in one's arms be armed to the teeth 全副武装
  63 arrange for 安排;准备 arrange with sb. about sth. 与某人商定某事
  make an arrangement( arrangements) for… 做好准备;安排
  64 as a whole 作为总体 on the whole 总体上
  65 as…as one can 尽力;尽可能
  66 as to/with regard to 至于;说到
  67 be ashamed at sth. 为某事感到羞愧be ashamed for 为某人感到羞愧
  68 ask for sth. 请求 ask sb. for sth. 向某人索取某物 ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事
  69 every aspect of=all the aspects of 各个方面
  70 assist sb. with sth./assist sb. in doing sth./assist sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事
  71 associate..with… 把。。。和。。联系起来 ; in association with … 与。。。联手
  72 be astonished( surprised) at (the news) 对。。感到惊奇
  73 at the latest 最迟
  74 e attached to 附属于。。。;依恋; attach sth. to… 把。。贴上 把。。系在。。。上
  75 attempt/try to do sth.(make an attempt to do sth.) 企图做。。。;attempt at sth. 试图获得
  76 attend on/to sb. 照看/护理某人; attend to 关心;照料
  77 attract/capture/catch/draw/get one's attention 吸引某人注意
  hold one's attention on 将注意力集中于 devote one's attention to 专心于
  turn one's attention to 将注意力转向 pay attention to 注意
  78 one's attitude towards… 某人的态度对。
  79 on (the ) average按平均; above( below) average 平均以上(下)
  80 be aware of 意识到,觉察
  81 back and forth 来回地(屋内)
  82 at the back of sb./at sb.'s back 支持某人;at the back of 在。。。后
  lie on one's back 朝天躺着
  83 go from bad to worse 每况愈下
  84 go bad(wrong/hungry) 变腐
  85 keep(lose) balance 保持(失去)平衡 ;
  be in the balance 悬而未决

  86 ban( prohibit) sb.from doing sth. 禁止某人做某事
  be under a ban被禁止
  87 base sth. on/upon sth. 以。。。为基; be based on 基于
  on…basis=on the basis of 以。。。为根据; 在。。;∩
  88 battle against 向。。?; battle with 与。。。搏斗; battle for为。。。而战
  89 because of + 名词(代词、 what 从句)
  90 make the bed 整理床铺;in bed/on the bed 在床上
  91 beg sb. to do sth.恳求某人干某事; beg for sth. 请求得到 beg sth. of sb.恳求某人某事
  92 begin with 从。。?
  93 on behalf of 代表 ; on sb.'s behalf 以某人的名义
  94 believe in 信赖
  95 belong to (无被动语态) 属于
  96 beyond recognition认不出来 beyond belief 难以置信
  beyond description 无法用言语表达 beyond sb. 对某人来说难以理解
  97 by birth 在血统上 at birth 诞生;出生 give birth to 生(产)
  98 bit by bit 一点点地 do one's bit 尽一点(份) quite a bit 相当多
  比较: not a bit 一点也不 not a little 很,非常
  99 be black and blue 遍体鳞伤
  100 bear the blame 受过lay/ put the blame on/upon sb. for sth. 把责任推到某人身上

 

宾语从句是特殊疑问句WH-whether/if,要选下列动词:
ask, doubt, wonder, want to know, know, guess
 
答题选动词:

2011·全国新课标卷The professor  37  the lecture hall, placed upon his desk a large jar filled with dried beans(), and invited the students to  38  how many beans the jar contained. After 39  shouts of wildly wrong guesses the professor smiled a thin, dry smile, announced the 40     answer, and went on saying, You have just 41  an important lesson about science.

38. Acount         B. guess       C. report       D. watch

考察动词,或根据后文wildly wrong guesses的提示,考虑复现选B。

    
反过来选WH-whether/if:

2011·安徽卷One afternoon. I walked into a building to ask  41  there were any job opportunities(机会),The people there advised me not to continue my job search in that 42 .

41. A. why         B. wherever       C. whether        D. whenever

一天,作者走进一座大楼去问是否”(whether)有自己能做的工作。选C。A项为为什么;B项为无论在那;D项为无论何时

I’m sorry, but we have enough  27  for the newspaper already. Come back next year and we’ll talk then.” Jenna smiled  28  and left. “Why is high school so  29 ?” she sighed.

                                                叹气sighed说明是勉强的,选消极的weakly

28. A. widely                  B. weakly              C. excitedly            D. brightly

Tired and sad,she told her story   38  ,not to anyone in particular.

38.A.tearfully                  B.seriously             C.carefully                    D.calmly

 

It seems funny that we are _40_ for things, with which we are unfamiliar or about which we are _41_, but we all, my friends as well as I, consider this one of life’s _42_ .

41. A. uncertain          B. unhappy                  C. not pleased           D. careful

 

2011·四川卷I truly feel that my mother led me here, to Morzaine, and to my future as a happy wife and businesswoman. When Mum   21  in October 2007, I was a cook.. In December that year. while I was working for a wedding, a pearl necklace Mum had left me   22  . I was distraught(忧心如焚的).Some days later, I was   23   that a guy who was working with us that day. “could probably have made a fortune  \24  he necklace he found.” 25  , he returned it.

22.A. burned      B. disappeared     C . broke            D. dropped

22空就近distraught(忧心如焚的)是负的,只有disappear是负的;burn燃烧;break打破;drop降低,落下。有后文的我感到忧心如焚归还return)可知此处是指项链丢失了。B

 

2011·安徽卷Nearly ten minutes later, he 45, He asked me about my plans and encouraged me to stay  46  . Then he offered to take me to Royal Oak to 47 a job. 积极的!

    I was a little surprised. but had a  48  feeling about him. Along the way ,I realized that I had 49  resumes(简历). Seeing this, the man 50 at his business partner’s office to make me fifteen 51  copies. He also gave me some 52 on dressing and speaking. I handed out my resumes and went home feeling very 53 . The following day, I received a 54 from a store in Royal Oak offering me a job.

46. A. silent          B. busy             C. positive           D. comfortable

他问了问我的打算,鼓励我要振作起来,不要灰心。选C。A项为沉默不语的;B项为忙绿的;C项为积极乐观的,有信心的;D项为舒适的,舒服的。

48. A. dull           B. good             C. guilty             D. general

作者对他的主动帮助感到有点惊奇,但是对他充满了好感” (good feeling)。选B。A项为阴暗的,无趣的;C项为内疚的;D项为一般的,普通的。

53. A. lonely         B. funny             C. disappointed        D. satisfied

我分发完简历回到家感到非常满意”(satisfied)。选D。A项为寂寞的,孤独的;B项为滑稽的,可笑的;C项为失望的,沮丧的。

 

2011·四川卷Some days later, I was   23   that a guy who was working with us that day. “could probably have made a fortune   24   the necklace he found.” 25  , he returned it. Hearing how I’d  26  Mum for six months before her death, he said, “Christmas is going to be  27  —why not go out to the Alps for a couple of weeks?

27.A.long           B. hard        C. merry            D. free

death.27空附近是负的,B项对应。在万家团圆的圣诞节,母亲刚去世,对我来说一定很难熬。B

2012高考英语高频答案词 高频考点 必考点

高频答案词一本通

 

目录

一、单选、完形高频答案词

二、高频句型核心词

三、高频核心短语(以介词副词为中心)

四、语法考点高频答案词

五、阅读词汇题及完形熟词僻义高频考点

六、吴军2012高考英语必考点解密

七、阅读高频答案词及其核心特征

    drop落下,掉下; 丢下,扔下

(2011·全国新课标卷) “I remember feeling small and    54  ,” the  woman says,“and I did the only thing I could doI  55    the course that afternoon,and I haven’t gone near science since   

55. A. dropped       B. started         C. passed         D. missed

2011·湖南卷My   37   came one morning when I was in the community library. I passed by a girl who   38   her books out of her locker .Thinking like most that someone else would help her pick them up, I continued my way.

38. A. took          B. dropped        C. got           D. pulled

不管备选项是什么词,最终的答案始终是dropped, 您可以再试试更早的高考真题,领悟会更深!当然也可以多试一些正规的市级以上的模拟试题,可能意想不到的惊喜在等着您!

 

eventually =finally =at last最后

2011·湖北卷Then after receiving a   41   from Saint Francis University, she got a job at an insurance firm and   42   started her own company.

42. A. gradually         B. actually                C. eventually            D. naturally

(2009·北京)The day __50_ came when James counted his money and found 94. 32. He _51__ no time and went down to the shop to pick up the bicycle he wanted.

50. A. finally            B. instantly              C. normally                    D. regularly

(2008·山东)I would like to thank all of you who made the effort and  50  reported to work.It is always reassuring (令人欣慰),at times like these,when employees so clearly show their  51  to their jobs.Thank you.

50.A.hardly            B.casually              C.absolutely                 D.eventually

再试了这个后,你同样可以发现红花词还是我们总结的eventually finally,其他的都是绿叶词,欲想知道更多的一类秒杀高频答案词当然要预定2012吴军高频答案词一本通喽!

 

现在再看一下第二类高频答案词:realize 97%是完形答案,recognize是三类高频词,同时出现时要小心,应适当对比一下:

(2010·全国)Now I 51 that in marriages, true love is 52 of all that, The happiest people don’t 53 have the best of everything; they just 54 the best of everything they have .55 isn’t about how to live through the storm, but how to dance in the rain.

51. A. realize         B. suggest         C. hope           D. prove

(2008·四川)When I was a child,my desire to win  34  me well.As a parent,I  35  that it got in my way.So I had to change.

35.A.realized               B.apologized             C.imagined                   D.explained

(2010·北京)The shy, quiet freshman achieved success that year. I was   48   in the program as "Student Art Assistant" because of the time and effort I'd put in. It was that year that I   49   I wanted to spend the rest of my life doing stage design.

48. A. introduced      B. recognized       C. identified            D. considered

49. A. confirmed      B. decided          C. realized             D. acknowledged

 2010·北京高考英语卷中recognized realized分别在不同的选项,当然各选各的啦!关键是他们有时会同时出现,比如下面的2009年高考英语辽宁卷,那该怎么办?

(2009·辽宁) He did not contact(联系)his father for a whole year 45 one day he saw in the street an old man who looked like his father. He 46 he bad to go back home and see his father.

46. A learned         B realized接事       C recognized接人      D admitted

2009年高考英语辽宁卷就出现了这种情况,不过没关系,我们在一本通教案中都做了相关词汇的辩析,就如同上面的一样,很容易就知道答案是B!

 

为了让您深信不疑,我们再举个例子, decide 95%是完形答案, know是三类高频词, 2011年福建卷和2010辽宁卷毫无疑问选了decided. 关键是2009辽宁decideknow两个词都出现了,该怎么办?

2011·福建卷When arriving in Canada in 2008,she had one  37   ;to  have what she had back Home in Colombia.”I didn’t want to  38  what I do ,like so many who come to a new Country,” she said .”I  39  to open a store here in Canada but knew I had to 40   myself properly.”

39. A. demanded        B. decided         C. agreed           D. hesitated

(2010·辽宁)I really wondered why my aunt __43_ to make things so difficult for me. Now, after studying English at university for three years, I _44__ that monolingual dictionaries are __45_ in learning a foreign language

43.Aoffered          Bagreed         Cdecided         Dhappened

(2009·辽宁)A young man was getting ready to graduate from college. For many months he had 36 a beautiful sports car in a dealer’s showroom, and 37 his father could well 38 it, he told him that was all he wanted.

37. A finding           B proving          C deciding          D knowing

此题找到主语即动作发出者he,代入两个词,He    his father……,他决定他父亲还是他知道他父亲?当然知道通顺了,很快突破,选了D.

 

词汇单选高频答案词 主要考词汇辩析,老师教你另类答题方法!

actually = in fact =as a matter of fact 事实上 强调时或看到插入语I think, I believe, there is,in factactually.

As I found out, there is,   46  , often no perfect equivalence(对应)between two    47   in two languages.                 强调!

46. A. at least                B. in fact                   C. at times                  D. in case

 

suddenly突然, 只要选项里出现,一般都是答案!

What laughing 42  we had about the  43  respectable method for moving spaghetti from plate to mouth.   44 , I wanted to write about that, but I wanted to 45  it down simply for my own 46 , not for Mr. Fleagle, my composition teacher.   47  , I would write something else.

44. A. Especially           B. Probably         C. Suddenly           D. Fortunately

And so we  27  for another ten minutes,until  28  my daughter burst into tears,and  29  that she was beaten.

28.A.nervously              B.immediately      C.strangely              D.suddenly

(2008·四川)If youre going to play it  26  ,youre going to play it slowly.And so we  27  for another ten minutes,until  28  my daughter burst into tears,and  29  that she was beaten.

28.A.nervously         B.immediately          C.strangely               D.suddenly

 

gradually逐渐地, come to realize gradually  recover gradually ,即看到come to recover就选gradually.

   50   , she insisted that I read the definition(定义)of a word in a monolingual dictionary  51  I wanted to get a better understanding of its meaning. 52 , I have come to see what she meant.

52. A. Largely          B. Generally              C. Gradually                D. Probably

 

高频核心短语(以介词副词为中心及连词搭配)

请看2011年福建卷中after all above all都是高频短语答案词! 转折时用after all,并列或above all if……,above all!

2011·福建卷Looking back, Diana, a fashion(时装)designer,   54  her achievements to the goal she set, the education she received from the college, and   55  the efforts she made. Now Diana is very happy doing what she is doing.

55. A. after all     B. above all     C. at least     D. at first 

And时选above all ,but时选after all.方法很具体,很实在!是对2012吴军高考英语高分密码的细节补充!

高频短语either…or…, from…to…, between…and…, not…but…, would rather…than…等是解决看不懂长句的法宝!

2011·天津卷Your words became my motto. I   31   found myself in the unique position of being either the first (woman doctor in Maryland Rotary)  32  one of the few women (chief medical reporters) in my field. I gained strength every time I said , “Yes, I’ll try that.”

32. A. and          B. but        C. or           D. for

通过搭配either……or……,很快作出2011天津卷32题的答案是C.or.

2011·北京卷With my    52    self-confidence comes more praise from teachers and classmates. I have gone from   “53”   in the back of the classroom and not wanting to call attention to myself,   54   raising my hand— even when I sometimes wasn’t and not 100 percent   55   I had the right answer. Now I have more self-confidence in myself.

54. A. by          B. for         C. with           D. to

通过搭配from……to……,很快作出2011天津卷32题的答案是D.to.

 

 

Where是高频答案词!

1.从属连词,引导地点状语从句。

The famous scientist grew up where he was born and in 1930 he came to Shanghai.

2.关系副词。用于定从。

There were dirty marks on her trousers where she had wiped her bands.

3.连接副词,用于名词性从句。

You are saying that everyone should be equal and this is where I disagree.

2011陕西卷I walked up to the top of the hill with my friends,       we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake.                      

A.which           B. where        C. who            D.that

2010全国ⅠWe haven’t discussed yet ______ we are going to place our new furniture.

A. that           B. which         C. what           D. where

2010全国Ⅱ—Have you finished the book?

---No,I’ve read up to_________the children discover the secret cave.

A.which          B.what          C.that            D.where

2010江苏—I prefer shutting myself in and listening to music all day on Sundays.

            —That’s_______I don’t agree. You should have a more active life.

A.where         B.how           C.when           D.what

2010重庆Today, we will begin _____we stopped yesterday so that no point will be left out.

A. when            B. where           C. how                  D. what

2009江苏   __ unemployment and crime are high, it can be assumed that the latter is due to the former.

A. Before        B. Where         C. Unless        D. Until

 

It’s (There’s ) no use / good doing………

It’s (There’s) no sense / point (in) doing……

no   wonder难怪

                 hurry不着急

doubt毫无疑问

excuse没有理由(借口)

way决不

delay毫不犹豫

2008江苏—I can’t repair these until tomorrow, I’m afraid.

—That’s OK, there’s ______.

A. no problem       B. no wonder           C. no doubt             D. no hurry

no problem意思是 没问题”, 通常单独使用或用That’s no problem;(It’s) no wonder…意思是 难怪;There is no doubt…意思是 毫无疑问。〖答案〗D

2003北京_____I’m sorry I stepped outside for a smoke.I was very tired.

There is no______ for this while you are on duty.

A.reason              B.excuse         C.cause           D.explanation

excuse理由、借口。说话人意为:你在值班的时候是没有任何理由出去的。reason原因;cause事情起因;explanation解释, 与句意不符。〖答案〗B

2006全国ⅡIt is no           arguing with Bill because he will never change his mind.

A. use            B. help                C.time               D.way

it is no use后接动词+ing形式或动词+ing形式短语表示做某事没有用。help意为帮助。time意为时间。way意为方法。〖答案〗A

2009福建The World Health Organization gave a warning to the public without any ______  when the virus of H1N1 hit Mexico in April, 2009.                     =with no        

  A. delay          B. effort        C. schedule       D. consideration

delay:耽搁, 延误;effort:努力;schedule:时间表;consideration:考虑, 体谅;关心。当H1N120094月袭击墨西哥时, 世界卫生组织毫不犹豫地向人们提出了警告。选A。

改错题答题技巧:

一、冠词习惯用法

二、名词:单复数

三、代词:1、代词的一致性;2、引导从句的从属连词用法

四、形容词副词:1、词义;2、词性;3、比较等级结构

五、动词:1、时态一致性;2、动词的语态;3、非谓语动词;4、动词短语

六、介词:习惯短语

七、从句:从属连词的用法

 

 

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